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SWITCH: Stentrode First-in-Human Study of Implantable BCI for Control of a Digital Device

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03834857
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 1, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Synchron, Inc. ( Synchron Australia Pty Ltd. )

Brief Summary:

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neurologic Disorder Device: Stentrode Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

STENTRODE WITH THOUGHT CONTROLLED DIGITAL SWITCH: An early feasibility study (EFS) of the safety of the StentrodeTM device in participants with loss of motor function due to paralysis from spinal cord injury, motor neuron disease, stroke, muscular dystrophy or loss of limbs.

Research has shown that in individuals with neurological conditions, brain signals can be recorded using electrical sensors implanted on to the brain. These signals could be used by the individuals to control assistive technology (e.g. spelling devices) that help with daily life, just by thinking. However, implanting these electrical sensors often requires open brain surgery.

A new medical device and surgical technique has been developed, which allows implantation of the electrical sensors without open brain surgery. The device, called Stentrode™, is a small metallic mesh tube (stent), with electrode contacts (small metal disks) within the stent structure. It can be placed inside a blood vessel of the brain located in the motor cortex. This does not involve open brain surgery.

The purpose of this research is to evaluate the safety of the Stentrode™ device in humans. This is an experimental device. This research will be the first of its kind to be performed in humans and may help find safer, more effective ways to introduce/implant electrical sensors in patients. This could foster the development of user friendly biotechnology for patients with neurological conditions.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Insertion of Stentrode TM device
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Device Feasibility
Official Title: Stentrode With Thought-controlled Digital Switch: An Early Feasibility Study (EFS) of the Safety of the Stentrode Device in Participants With Loss of Motor Function Due to Paralysis
Actual Study Start Date : May 27, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 10, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : January 9, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Implantation of Stentrode device
Device: Stentrode
Implantation of Stentrode device

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment-Related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 12 month post implant ]
    Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE v4.0

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. High fidelity and stable signals over 12 months [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    1. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of first three measurements of impedance values across all 16 channels, excluding flag values, to a maximum of 10 measurements
    2. The mean and SD of noise floor calculated from 2 mins of baseline recording
    3. The mean and SD of signal-to-noise ratio across 3 mins recording of photic stimulation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Clinical diagnosis of spinal cord injury (SCI), motor neurone disease (MND) [also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)], stroke, muscular dystrophy or loss of limbs.
  2. Diagnosed for at least six (6) months and if SCI, at least twelve (12) months
  3. Aged between 18 and 75 years of age; females must be of non-child bearing potential or with negative pregnancy test and not breast feeding
  4. Life expectancy of at least twelve (12) months in the opinion of the treating physician
  5. Understands English
  6. Is computer literate
  7. Is willing and able to access all clinical testing locations and is not impeded by geographical location (ie: ideally lives within 100 kms or Less than 2 hours travel time to study site)
  8. No conditions, including an eye movement disorder, that would prevent the use of eye tracking software and has a level of vision that will not impede viewing of screens and visualisations
  9. Has normal venous sinus anatomy, with two patent jugular veins (of sufficient size for the device) and bilateral patent transverse sinuses as evidenced by MR venography (MRV) or CT venography (CTV) within the last six (6) months or if vascular anatomy is unknown, is willing to undergo an MRV or CTV assessment to assess vascular suitability for endovascular device placement
  10. Evidence of activation, under fMRI testing, of motor cortical areas adjacent to the superior sagittal sinus

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Is unwilling to comply with all procedures relating to study
  2. Based on the doctors opinion, has unrealistic expectations regarding the possible benefits, risks and limitations associated with the implantation or surgical procedures
  3. Has dementia or cognitive impairment sufficient to impair capacity to provide informed consent or which could impact ability to comply with investigational requirements (eg: MMSE <24, ECAS or other determination made by Investigator)
  4. For MND participants, has NOT had a formal capacity assessment by a professional with experience in capacity assessment (psychiatrist, neurologist, psychologist) within 90 days of Screen1 visit, which assesses capacity to consent and excludes Frontotemporal dementia
  5. Has a history of substance abuse within the preceding two (2) years
  6. Chronic oral or intravenous steroids or immunosuppressive therapy or other therapy/clinical condition that severely reduces immunity Has been hospitalized for a psychiatric condition with the preceding two (2) years or has had a history of psychosis within the preceding two (2) years
  7. Has a contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  8. Has an active implanted stimulation device (eg: pacemaker, deep brain stimulator, spinal cord stimulator)
  9. Is deemed unsuitable by a specialist anaesthesiologist or respiratory physician to undergo a general anaesthetic
  10. Has findings on MRV deemed incompatible, by an experienced neurointerventionalist, with device implantation in the SSS [eg: isolated dominant, superior anastomotic vein (vein of Trolard)]
  11. Has a contraindication to angiographic imaging, including chronic kidney injury (CKI -eGFR < 60mls/min)
  12. Has known allergy to contrast media
  13. Has any bleeding disorders (tests required if clinical status unknown) or is resistant to aspirin and/or clopidogrel or has any contraindication that precludes antithrombotic treatment
  14. Has an allergy to any materials included in the implanted device
  15. Has a history of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or on hormone therapy (eg: HRT)
  16. Any serious disease or disorder that in the opinion of the Investigator, could seriously affect ability to participate in the study
  17. Does not have a family member/caregiver (or equivalent) who can be present during the consent process and support all study visits
  18. Has had any of the following neuropathologies;

    1. Sinus Thrombosis
    2. Venous Hypertension
    3. Hydrocephalus
    4. Bleeding Disorders

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03834857

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Australia, Victoria
Royal Melbourne Hospital
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3050
Sponsors and Collaborators
Synchron Australia Pty Ltd.
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Study Director: Thomas Oxley University of Melbourne and Synchron
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Responsible Party: Synchron Australia Pty Ltd. Identifier: NCT03834857    
Other Study ID Numbers: S-01-01
First Posted: February 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 1, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Diseases