Radiotherapy, Carboplatin/Paclitaxel and Nivolumab for High Risk HPV-related Head and Neck Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03829722|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 22, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Oropharynx Squamous Cell Carcinoma||Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Paclitaxel Radiation: Radiation Therapy||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||26 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial of Radiotherapy, Carboplatin/Paclitaxel and Nivolumab for High Risk HPV-Related Oropharynx Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 5, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 2024|
Experimental: Nivolumab, Carboplatin/Paclitaxel, Radiotherapy
Therapy will continue for 21 weeks total. This includes 4 doses of of nivolumab (240mg/m2) before and concurrent with RT/carboplatin/paclitaxel and 4 adjuvant nivolumab doses (480mg/m2) after the end of RT.
Given intravenously (IV), 240 mg every 2 weeks for 4 doses concurrent with radiation therapy (RT). Following completion of RT, 480 mg given every 4 weeks for 4 doses.
Given IV once per week during radiation therapy (AUC=1).
Other Name: Paraplatin
Given IV once per week during radiation therapy (30mg/m^2)
Other Name: Taxol
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Given 5 days/week for a total of 35 doses (70 gray total).
- Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of study treatment ]Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Evaluated using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
- Proportion of patients who progressed in any location [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of study treatment ]To characterize patterns of failure, investigators will summarize the proportion of patients who progressed in any location and whether the first progression was local, regional, distant or in multiple locations.
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of study treatment ]Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method
- Incidence of acute toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months after completion of study treatment ]Toxicity evaluation per CTCAE v 5.0
- Incidence of late toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of study treatment ]Toxicity evaluation per CTCAE v 5.0
- Correlation of mid-treatment FDG-PET scans with post-treatment PET-CT. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after completion of study treatment ]Correlation of metabolic image uptake data on mid-treatment FDG-PET scans performed between fractions 8-12 with standard 12 week post-treatment PET-CT.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Histologically or cytologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (tonsil, base of tongue, oropharyngeal wall, soft palate) that is p16 positive by immunohistochemistry or HPV positive by in situ hybridization
- Clinical stage: stage III AJCC 8th edition staging (cT4 or cN3) OR "matted lymph nodes" (defined as 3 LNs abutting one another with loss of intervening fat plane that is replaced with evidence of extracapsular spread)
Appropriate stage for protocol entry, including no distant metastases, based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:
- History/physical examination, including documentation of weight within 2 weeks prior to registration;
- FDG-PET/CT scan for staging and RT plan within 4 weeks prior to registration; Zubrod Performance Status 0-1 within 2 weeks prior to registration;
- Age ≥ 18;
CBC/differential obtained within 2 weeks prior to registration on study, with adequate bone marrow function defined as follows:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3; Platelets ≥ 75,000 cells/mm3; Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL AST/ALT <3 x ULN
- Total Bilirubin <1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin level < 3 x ULN)
- Serum creatinine within normal institutional limits or a creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min within 2 weeks prior to registration;
- Women of childbearing potential must agree to use a medically effective means of birth control throughout their participation in the treatment phase of the study and for five months after the last treatment. A woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) and is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over age 45 years in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, females under the age of 55 years must have a serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 40 mIU/mL to confirm menopause. Men receiving nivolumab who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to use effective contraception throughout their participation in the treatment phase of the study and for seven months after the last treatment.
- Due to the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from carboplatin/paclitaxel and nivolumab, women are advised not to breast-feed during treatment with carboplatin/paclitaxel or nivolumab
- The patient must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry.
- Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years (For example, carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are all permissible);
- Any prior therapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable if > 3 years prior to study;
- Any history of active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
- Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields;
Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
- Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months;
- Uncontrolled diarrhea;
- Uncontrolled adrenal insufficiency;
- Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 3 months;
- Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring systemic antibiotics at the time of registration;
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration;
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) with CD4+ count < 350 cells per microL; note, however, that HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol. The need to exclude patients with AIDS from this protocol is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive.
- Pregnancy or women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use contraception; this exclusion is necessary because the treatment involved in this study may be significantly teratogenic.
- Women who are breastfeeding and are not willing to discontinue breastfeeding during the trial
- Poorly controlled diabetes (defined as fasting glucose level > 200 mg/dL) despite 2 attempts to improve glucose control by fasting duration and adjustment of medications. Patients with diabetes will preferably be scheduled in the morning and instructions for fasting and use of medications will be provided in consultation with the patients' primary physicians
- Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment. Short bursts of steroids of 5-7 days (for COPD exacerbation or other similar indication) are allowed.
- Known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
- Known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
- Hypersensitivity to nivolumab or any of its excipients or known hypersensitivity to carboplatin/paclitaxel.
- Known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected).
- Received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.
- Have any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the well-being of the subject or the study or prevent the subject from meeting or performing study requirements
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03829722
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|
|Principal Investigator:||Michelle Mierzwa, M.D.||University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center|
|Responsible Party:||University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
HUM00154941 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan )
|First Posted:||February 4, 2019 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||December 22, 2022|
|Last Verified:||December 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors