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The Effects of Evolocumab in Patients With Myocardial Microvascular Dysfunction

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03829046
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Amgen
University of Toronto
University of Michigan
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert Rosenson, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Brief Summary:
Experimental models have linked lipid lowering therapies with systemic inflammation; however, relatively little is known about this network in clinical populations and specifically how it changes with PCSK9 inhibition. The aim of the study is to define how PCSK9 inhibition alters the circulating monocyte populations and to systematically profile the transcriptional and proteomic responses to TLRS and how these responses are modulated by PCSK9 inhibition in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) clinical samples and relate these molecular signatures to clinical.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Type2 Diabetes Microvascular Dysfunction Drug: Placebo Drug: Evolocumab Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group Phase IV study with two treatment arms: evolocumab SC 420 mg/dL QM or matching placebo. The population will include 40 participants with documented CAD and type 2 diabetes who receive treatment with maximal tolerated statin therapy and stable doses of anti-hyperglycemic therapy.

Subjects will be followed for 12 weeks during the treatment phase, maintaining the double-blind throughout. Assessments of ACUTE and SHORT-TERM effects of PCSK9 inhibition with evolocumab on biocellular markers of endothelial function will be measured at baseline, Week 2, and Week 12. Safety assessments will be undertaken at each study visit.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group Phase IV study with two treatment arms: evolocumab SC 420 mg/dL QM or matching placebo. The identity of the treatments will be concealed by the use of matching placebo to the study drug that are identical in packaging, labeling, appearance and schedule of administration.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description: The identity of the treatments will be concealed by the use of matching placebo to the study drug that are identical in packaging, labeling, appearance and schedule of administration.
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Effects of Evolocumab on Endothelial and Inflammatory Biocellular Markers in Patients With Myocardial Microvascular Dysfunction
Estimated Study Start Date : April 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Evolocumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo SC QM
Drug: Placebo
12 weeks of treatment

Active Comparator: Evolocumab
Evolocumab SC 420mg/dL QM
Drug: Evolocumab
12 weeks of treatment




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: up to 12 weeks ]
    Safety as measured by number of adverse events, defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a subject who has been administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Seattle Angina Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The Seattle Angina Questionnaire is a quality-of-life measure for patients with coronary artery disease. The SAQ is a self-report instrument with 19 items that yields five subscale scores: physical limitation, angina stability, angina frequency, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception. The possible range of scores for each of the five subscales is 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better quality of life. There is no summary score generated.

  2. MDA Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Malondialdehyde levels to measure oxidative stress

  3. MPO Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Myeloperoxidase level to measure inflammation

  4. IL-6 Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Interleukin-6 levels to measure cytokines

  5. IL-18 Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Interleukin-8 levels to measure cytokines

  6. TNF-α Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Tumor necrosis factor alpha levels to measure cytokines

  7. PECAM Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule levels to measure vascular endothelial activation

  8. ICAM Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Intercellular adhesion molecule levels to measure vascular endothelial activation

  9. VCAM Level [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Vascular cell adhesion molecule levels to measure vascular endothelial activation

  10. Alpha5/Beta3 Activation Levels [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Alpha 5/Beta 3 levels to measure vascular endothelial activation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Both: male and female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects ≥18 years of age signing of informed consent;
  • Stable CAD who have undergone prior PCI or CABG greater than 6 months from screening and in whom no further revascularization is planned within the duration of the study at the time of randomization;
  • Clinical diagnosis of type 2 diabetes according to ADA/ CDA guidelines;
  • Subject on stable dose of maximally-tolerated statin therapy for ≥4 weeks prior to screening and LDL-c ≥70mg/dL. For subjects whose maximally tolerated dose of statin is no type or dose (i.e. determined to be statin intolerant by primary investigator), background lipid-lowering therapy is not required;
  • Fasting triglycerides ≤400mg/dL (4.52mmol/L) by central laboratory at screening;
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and other trial procedures;
  • Abnormal urinary Albumin Creatinine Ratio (ACR) as defined by an ACR ≥2;
  • Subject tolerates screening placebo injection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Personal or family history of hereditary muscular disorders;
  • NYHA III or IV heart failure, or last know left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <30%;
  • Uncontrolled serious cardiac arrhythmia defined as recurrent and highly symptomatic ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response, or supraventricular tachycardia that are not controlled by medications, in the past 3 months prior to randomization;
  • Myocardial infarction, unstable angina, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery graft (CABG) or stroke within 3 months prior to randomization;
  • Planned cardiac surgery or revascularization;
  • Moderate to severe renal dysfunction, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30mL/min/1.73m2 at screening;
  • Type 1 diabetes, poorly controlled type 2 diabetes (HbA1c >10%), newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (within 6 months of randomization), or laboratory evidence of diabetes during screening (fasting serum glucose ≥126mg/dL [7.0mmol/L] or HbA1c ≥6.5% without prior diagnosis of diabetes;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as sitting systolic blood pressure (SBP) >160mmHg or diastolic BP (DBP) >100mmHg;
  • Subject who has taken a cholesterol easter transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor in the last 12 months prior to LDL-c screening, such as: anacetrapib, dalcetrapib or evacetrapib;
  • Treatment in the last 3 months prior to LDL-c screening with any of the following drugs: systemic cyclosporine, systemic steroids (e.g. IV, intramuscular [IM], or PO) (Note: hormone replacement therapy is permitted), vitamin A derivatives and retinol derivatives for the treatment of dermatologic conditions (e.g. Accutane); (Note: vitamin A in a multivitamin preparation is permitted). Topical retinol prescription and non-prescription derivatives or creams are permitted;
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism as defined by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) <1.0 time the lower limit of normal or >1.5 times the ULN, respectively, at screening. Potential subjects with TSH <1.0 time the lower limit of normal due to thyroid replacement therapy is not considered an exclusion;
  • Active liver disease or hepatic dysfunction, defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >3 times the ULN as determined by central laboratory analysis at screening;
  • Known active infection or major hematologic, renal metabolic, gastrointestinal or endocrine dysfunction in the judgment of the investigator;
  • Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 3 months prior to randomization;
  • Unreliability as a study participant based on the investigator's (or designee's) knowledge of the subject (e.g. alcohol or other drug abuse);
  • Currently enrolled in another investigational device or drug study, or less than 30 days since ending another investigational device or drug study(s), or receiving other investigational agent(s);
  • Female subject who has either (1) not used at least 1 highly effective method of contraception for at least 1 month prior to screening or (2) is not willing to use such a method during treatment and for an additional 15 weeks after the end of treatment, unless the subject is sterilized or postmenopausal;
  • Subject who is pregnant or breast feeding, or planning to become pregnant during treatment and/ or within 15 weeks after the end of treatment;
  • Subject who has previously received an approved PCSK9 inhibitor or any other investigational therapy to inhibit PCSK9;
  • Subject who has any kind of disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent and/or to comply with all required study procedures;
  • Malignancy except non-melanoma skin cancers, cervical or breast ductal carcinoma in situ within the last 5 years;
  • Subject who has known sensitivity to any of the products or components to be administered during dosing;
  • Subject who is likely to not be available to complete all protocol-required study visits or procedures, and/or to comply with all required study procedures to the best of the subject and investigator's knowledge;
  • History or evidence of any other clinically significant disorder, condition or disease (with the exception of those outlined above) that, in the opinion of the principal investigator would pose a risk to subject or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or completion;
  • Use of ranolazine either prior to screening or planned addition of ranolazine during the course of the study. Frequent episodes (>4/month) of mild-moderate hypoglycemia, as defined by the Canadian Diabetes Association 2008 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes;
  • Any episode of severe hypoglycemia within the past 3 months, as also defined by the Canadian Diabetes Association 2008 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes;
  • Blood donation 4 weeks prior to screening, or stated intention to donate blood or blood products during the period of the study or within one month following completion of the study;
  • Subjects who have participated in other studies within 30 days prior to screening, or have five times the plasma half-life (if known) of the investigational drug, whichever is longer;
  • BMI>40kg/m2.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03829046


Contacts
Contact: Qinzhong Chen, MD (212) 659-8864 qinzhong.chen@mssm.edu
Contact: Marcia K Tanaka, PharmD (212) 659-9174 marcia.tanaka@mssm.edu

Locations
United States, New York
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Not yet recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Contact: Qinzhong Chen, MD    212-659-8864    qinzhong.chen@mssm.edu   
Contact: Marcia K Tanaka, PharmD    (212) 659-9174    marcia.tanaka@mssm.edu   
Principal Investigator: Robert S Rosenson, MD         
Canada, Ontario
St. Michael's - University of Toronto Not yet recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B1W8
Contact: Judith Hall, MSc    (416) 864-6060 ext 7121    HallJu@smh.ca   
Principal Investigator: Kim A Connelly, MBBS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Robert Rosenson
Amgen
University of Toronto
University of Michigan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Rosenson, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Principal Investigator: Kim A Connelly, MD St. Michael's Hospital at University of Toronto

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Robert Rosenson, Professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03829046     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 18-1412
20167719 ( Other Identifier: Amgen )
First Posted: February 4, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 4, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: This is a pilot study and all data from this trial will be used to support a bigger clinical trial to assess the role of PCSK9 inhibition in type 2 diabetes patients with cardiac microvascular dysfunction.

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by Robert Rosenson, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
PCSK9 inhibition
Evolocumab
Inflammatory Signals
Circulating monocyte subsets

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs