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CI Following VS Removal or Labyrinthectomy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03795675
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Advanced Bionics
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oliver Adunka, Ohio State University

Brief Summary:
This study is a prospective, clinical study to determine if it is safe and effective to use a cochlear implant over time in individuals undergoing removal of a vestibular schwannoma (VS), benign tumor of the hearing and balance nerve or undergoing a labyrinthectomy for treatment of Meniere's disease. Individuals undergoing these surgeries will be deaf on the surgical side after the procedure. Currently, cochlear implants are approved for use and not considered investigational in individuals with hearing loss on both sides. However, use of a cochlear implant for these patient populations (single-sided hearing loss) will be considered a new use of an approved device. Participants undergoing surgery to remove a VS or having a labyrinthectomy will have a cochlear implant inserted after the surgical procedure for clinical care. Approximately 4 weeks after surgery, participants will be fitted with an external speech processor on the surgical side that will stimulate the internal cochlear implant. Participants will return at the following intervals after the initial processor fitting: 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months. At each interval, participants will complete questionnaires on how they are hearing with the implant and their quality of life with the implant and be tested on their ability to hear sounds and understand speech. Potential risks are those associated with all cochlear implant surgeries, and include device failure resulting in removal of device, irritation or redness in surgical area and/or area where processor is attached, increased ringing in the ear, facial nerve stimulation and a change in the way speech and other sounds sound through the implant. Potential benefits to individual participants in this study include improvement in detection and speech understanding of the surgical ear. Participants may also experience improved abilities to locate sound and understand speech in noise as the result of having hearing on both sides.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vestibular Schwannoma Meniere Disease Device: Cochlear Implant Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cochlear Implantation During Vestibular Schwannoma Removal or During Labyrinthectomy Surgery for Treatment of Meniere's Disease
Actual Study Start Date : January 14, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Meniere's Disease/Vestibular Schwannoma
Individuals diagnosed with Meniere's disease and undergoing labyrinthectomy or diagnosed with vestibular schwannoma and undergoing surgical excision via translabyrinthine approach for treatment will receive cochlear implant at the time of surgery.
Device: Cochlear Implant
Cochlear implant device to be implanted at time of surgical intervention.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Sound Detection Testing [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Sounds that vary in pitch (frequency) will be presented in a sound field to identify hearing thresholds in decibels (dB). Participant indicates when a sound is detected/perceived when listening with the cochlear implant. The softest sound at each specific frequency (125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 6000, 8000 Hertz (Hz)) will be recorded in dB hearing level.

  2. Change in Speech Perception Testing [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Arizona (AZ) Bio sentences (speech perception test comprised of 660 unique sentences, presented in 33 independent lists of 20 sentences each) and the Maryland consonant-vowel nucleus-consonant (CNC) (10 phonetically balanced 50-word lists) word lists will be presented through a sound field speaker, and participant will be asked to repeat back the sentences and/or word that was heard. Background noise will be presented in conjunction with the sentences/words at various signals to noise levels (quiet [no noise], +0 dB and +5 dB signal to noise ratio). The percentage of sentences/words correctly repeated will be calculated for each test (AZ Bio, CNC) at each signal to noise level. Higher percentages indicate better word and sentence recognition ability.

  3. Change in Sound Localization Testing [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Participant listens to bursts of sounds (100 trials of pink noise [random noise having equal energy per octave and having more low-frequency components than white noise; the power per hertz decreases as the frequency increases] presented randomly from seven speakers in a half-moon orientation and identifies which speaker presented the sounds. Two testing conditions will be evaluated (implant on, implant off). Total percentage of sounds correctly identified for each condition (0-100%) will be calculated, with a larger percentage indicating higher accuracy. Additionally, root mean square error (average of total degree of error when localizing) will be calculated for each trial.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ) Scores [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Subjective questionnaire designed to study the relationship of disability and handicap across many listening domains using 49 questions in a clinician/patient interview format. The scale is sub-divided into three domains: 14 items on speech hearing, 17 items on spatial hearing (direction and distance judgments), and 18 items on "other" functions and qualities of hearing. The "other" qualities section contains items related to recognition and segregation of sounds, clarity, naturalness, and listening effort. Items are scored with ratings of 0 to 10, with 0 representing complete inability with regard to the item in question and 10 representing perfect ability. The average score (0-10) for each subscale/domain is reported individually.

  2. Change in Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) Scores [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Questionnaire encompassing hearing and speech, psychological, and social domains and is used to evaluate quality of life. This questionnaire contains six subdomains of hearing that are rated categorically (1-5 (never-always) and "not applicable"). The subdomains are 1. Basic sound perception, 2. Advanced sound perception (in difficult daily listening situations or background noise), 3. Speech production, 4. Self-esteem, 5. Activity limitations, 6. Social interaction. The answer categories must first be transformed (1=0, 2=25, 3=50, 4=75 and 5=100). Afterwards, the final subdomain score is computed by adding together all the item scores and dividing by the number of completed items, resulting in a range of scores from 0 to 100. A higher score reflects a greater ability.

  3. Change in Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) Scores [ Time Frame: Measurements assessed 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months post-implantation. ]
    Subjective questionnaire that identifies, qualifies, and evaluates the difficulties that may be experienced due to tinnitus. It is a 25-item questionnaire grouped into three subscales: functional, emotional and catastrophic responses. The functional subscale items reflect the effect of tinnitus on mental, social, occupational and physical functioning. The emotional subscale items probe the individual's emotional reactions to tinnitus, and the catastrophic response items address whether tinnitus makes the respondent feel desperate, trapped, hopeless or out of control. A "yes" response is given 4 points, a "sometimes" response 2 points and a "no" response 0 points. The questionnaire yields scores for each subscale and a total score that ranges from 0 and 100, with high scores indicating a greater handicap. The total score of this questionnaire represents the overall severity of tinnitus: slight (0-16), mild (18-36), moderate (38-56), severe (58-76) or catastrophic (78-100).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of a vestibular schwannoma confirmed by a physician with an MRI and/or CT scan; Or have a diagnosis of Meniere's disease by a physician
  • Be scheduled to undergo surgery to remove the vestibular schwannoma through translabyrinthine approach; Or be scheduled to undergo a labyrinthectomy
  • Be English-speaking due to objective speech perception tasks. Non-English speakers may show a reduced speech perception score due to language differences
  • For patients undergoing tumor removal, tumor removal must allow preservation of the auditory division of the VIIIth cranial nerve

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with bilateral Meniere's disease or bilateral vestibular schwannomas
  • Inability to preserve the auditory division of the VIIIth cranial nerve during removal of vestibular schwannoma
  • Ossification or fibrosis of the cochlear found on preoperative imaging (CT or MRI) that precludes cochlear implantation
  • Active middle ear disease
  • Greater than 70 years of age
  • Vestibular schwannoma greater than 2 cm
  • Patient refusal of receiving pneumococcal vaccine
  • Any contra-indication(s) for undergoing surgery.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03795675


Contacts
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Contact: Meghan Hiss, AuD 614-366-1549 Meghan.Hiss@osumc.edu
Contact: William Riggs, AuD 614-293-9750 William.Riggs@osumc.edu

Locations
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United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University
Advanced Bionics
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Oliver Adunka, MD Ohio State University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Oliver Adunka, Ohio State University:

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Responsible Party: Oliver Adunka, Professor-Clinical Otolaryngology, Ohio State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03795675     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017H0273
First Posted: January 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 14, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Keywords provided by Oliver Adunka, Ohio State University:
Cochlear implants
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neurilemmoma
Neuroma, Acoustic
Meniere Disease
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroma
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Endolymphatic Hydrops
Labyrinth Diseases
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Cranial Nerve Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases
Retrocochlear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Cranial Nerve Diseases
Nervous System Diseases