Benralizumab Pregnancy Exposure Study
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03794999|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2022
This is a prospective, observational, exposure cohort study of pregnancy and infant outcomes in women with asthma exposed to benralizumab anytime during pregnancy, or within 8 weeks prior to the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP).
The objective of the study is to monitor planned or unplanned pregnancies to evaluate potential teratogenic effect (birth defect) when exposed to benralizumab compared to two unexposed comparator groups.
The primary outcome is major structural birth defects (abnormalities in development of structures of the body) and the secondary outcomes are preterm delivery (premature baby), small for gestational age infants (small for weight, length, and/or head circumference), spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), stillbirth (baby born without signs of life), elective termination (voluntary abortion) and small for age postnatal growth to one year of age (small for weight, length and/or head circumference). The birth prevalence or incidence of outcomes in women exposed to benralizumab, and their infants, will be compared to those observed in two unexposed comparator groups: a disease-matched comparison group of women who have not used benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks of their last menstrual period (LMP), but who have used other anti-asthmatic medications (treated disease comparison group), and a comparison group of healthy women who do not have a diagnosis of asthma, have not had exposure to a known human teratogen (substance that causes birth defect), and have not taken benralizumab in pregnancy (healthy comparison group).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Asthma||Drug: Benralizumab-exposure Drug: Exposure to other asthma medications|
|Study Type :||Observational [Patient Registry]|
|Estimated Enrollment :||800 participants|
|Target Follow-Up Duration:||20 Months|
|Official Title:||The Benralizumab Pregnancy Exposure Study: A VAMPSS Post Marketing Surveillance Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 20, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 27, 2026|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 27, 2026|
Pregnant women with asthma exposed to benralizumab anytime during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to last menstrual period
Exposure is defined as any dose of benralizumab for any length of time from 8 weeks prior to Last Mentrual Period (LMP) through the end of pregnancy, as reported by the mother and validated through medical record review. The 8-week cut-off prior to LMP is based upon the terminal half-life of benralizumab of approximately 15 days (clearance of benralizumab is based on five half-lives).
Asthmatic comparison group
Pregnant women currently treated for asthma not exposed to benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to last menstrual period
Drug: Exposure to other asthma medications
Exposure to asthma medications for any number of days, at any dose, and at any time from LMP up to the date of enrollment, but no exposure to benralizumab during pregnancy or within 8 weeks prior to LMP.
Non-asthmatic comparison group
Pregnant women who are not diagnosed with asthma, have not had exposure to a known human teratogen, and have not taken benralizumab during pregnancy.
- Major structural birth defects [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year of age ]Pregnancies ending in live birth with exposure in the first trimester for benralizumab cohort, and other comparison groups at least one malformed infant in an individual pregnancy is considered one malformed outcome
- Spontaneous abortion/miscarriage [ Time Frame: Prior to 20.0 weeks gestation ]Spontaneous pregnancy loss prior to 20.0 weeks gestation, since women only enrol after recognition of pregnancy, spontaneous abortions are only identified after enrolment in clinically recognised pregnancies.
- Preterm delivery [ Time Frame: Prior to 37 weeks of gestation ]Pregnancies enrolled prior to 37.0 weeks' gestation and ending in at least one live born infant. Excludes twins or higher order multiples due to inherent higher risk of preterm birth in multiples. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.
- Small for gestational age infants [ Time Frame: At birth ]Pregnancies ending in at least one live born infant who are <10th centile on birth weight, length and/or head circumference for infant sex and gestational age; excluding twins or higher order multiples due to the inherent higher risk of reduced birth size in multiples. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.
- Stillbirth [ Time Frame: At delivery ]Stillbirth is defined as a fetal death that occurs >20 weeks' gestation. All pregnancies, excluding lost-to-follow-up. Exposure can occur any time in pregnancy prior to the event.
- Elective termination/abortion [ Time Frame: At the end of pregnancy, or through 9 month pregnancy period ]Elective termination is defined as deliberate interruption of pregnancy by surgical or medical means. All pregnancies, excluding lost-to-follow-up. Exposure can occur anytime in pregnancy prior to the event.
- Small for age postnatal growth of live born children to 1 year of age [ Time Frame: Up to one year of age ]Postnatal growth is measured at approximately 1 year of age among live born infants and age and sex specific percentiles assigned using standard U.S. growth curves. Weight, length and/or head circumference <10th centile will be considered small for age. Multiples are excluded. Exposure can occur anytime in pregnancy.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03794999
|Contact: AstraZeneca Clinical Study Information Centerfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|San Diego, California, United States, 92103|
|Principal Investigator:||Christina Chambers, PhD, MPH||University of California, San Diego|