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Effisayil™ 1: A Study to Test Spesolimab (BI 655130) in Patients With a Flare-up of a Skin Disease Called Generalized Pustular Psoriasis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03782792
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 20, 2018
Results First Posted : March 9, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 9, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boehringer Ingelheim

Brief Summary:
To evaluate efficacy, safety, and tolerability of spesolimab (BI 655130) compared to placebo in patients with Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) presenting with an acute flare of moderate to severe intensity.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Drug: Spesolimab Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 53 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effisayil™ 1:Multi-center, Double-blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Phase II Study to Evaluate Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of a Single Intravenous Dose of Spesolimab (BI 655130) in Patients With Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) Presenting With an Acute Flare of Moderate to Severe Intensity
Actual Study Start Date : January 31, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 23, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : January 5, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Spesolimab Drug: Spesolimab
Solution for infusion
Other Name: BI 655130

Experimental: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Solution for infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) Pustulation Subscore of 0 Indicating no Visible Pustules at Week 1 [ Time Frame: At Week 1. ]

    The Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) relies on clinical assessment of the Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) patient's skin presentation. The investigator (or qualified site personnel) scored the erythema, pustules, and scaling of all GPP lesions from 0 to 4.

    The GPPGA pustulation subscore ranges from 0 to 4 where:

    0 = clear;

    1. = almost clear;
    2. = mild:
    3. = moderate;
    4. = severe. A lower GPPGA pustulation subscore indicates a better outcome. A GPPGA pustulation subscore of 0 means no visible pustules.

    The proportion of patients who achieved a GPPGA pustulation subscore of 0 at Week 1 is reported.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Key Secondary: Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) Score of 0 or 1 at Week 1 [ Time Frame: At Week 1. ]

    GPPGA relied on clinical assessment of the Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) patient's skin presentation. The GPPGA total score was calculated by taking the mean of the erythema subscore, pustules subscore and scaling/crusting subscore. The severity of each subscore was assessed using a 5 point scale score ranging from 0 to 4 (0=clear, 1=almost clear, 2=mild, 3=moderate, 4=severe). The final GPPGA score is assigned as follows:

    • 0, if scores for all three subscores are 0,
    • 1, if 0 < mean < 1.5,
    • 2, if 1.5 ≤ mean < 2.5,
    • 3, if 2.5 ≤ mean < 3.5,
    • 4, if mean ≥ 3.5. A lower GPPGA score indicates a better outcome, with 0 being clear and 1 being almost clear. The proportion of patients with a GPPGA score of 0 or 1 at Week 1 is reported.

  2. Proportion of Patients With a Psoriasis Area and Severity Index for Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPPASI) 75 at Week 4 [ Time Frame: At Week 4. ]

    Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) provides a numeric scoring for a patient's overall Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) disease state, ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of skin affected by erythema, pustules, and scaling and the severity of erythema, pustules, and scaling (desquamation) over 4 body regions (head, trunk, upper limbs and lower limbs).

    A higher score indicates a worse disease state, while a score of 0 indicates no disease. GPPASI 75 is based on the percent reduction from baseline, generally summarized as a dichotomous outcome based on achieving over an 75% reduction.

    Proportion of patients with GPPASI 75 at Week 4 is reported.


  3. Change From Baseline in Pain Visual Analog Scale (VAS) Score at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 4. ]

    The pain Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is a participant-administered single-item scale designed to measure skin pain intensity from generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) using a 100 millimeter (mm) horizontal VAS. Overall severity of participant's skin pain from GPP is indicated by placing a single mark on the horizontal 100 mm scale from 0 mm (no pain) to 100 mm (pain as bad as one can imagine).

    Change from baseline was calculated by subtracting the VAS score at baseline from the VAS score at Week 4. A negative change indicates an improvement from baseline.

    Death, any use of escape medication, OL Spesolimab at Day 8, or rescue medication with Spesolimab after Day 8, prior to observing the endpoint was considered to reflect a failure to achieve the endpoint outcome, i.e. non-response (NR).

    NR is not a missing value but the worst possible outcome of the endpoint. For example, if the achieved data is (NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5) then Q1 is NR, median is NR and Q3 is 3.


  4. Change From Baseline in Psoriasis Symptom Scale (PSS) Score at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 4. ]
    PSS is a 4-item patient-reported outcome instrument that assesses the severity of psoriasis symptoms in moderate to severe psoriasis patients. The symptoms included are: pain, redness, itching, and burning. The symptom severity was assessed using a 5 point scale ranging from 0 to 4 where 0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe, 4=very severe. The symptom scores are added to an unweighted total score (range: 0 to 16). A lower PSS score indicates a better outcome. Change from baseline =PSS score at Week 4 - PSS score at baseline. Death, any use of escape medication, OL Spesolimab at Day 8, or rescue medication with Spesolimab after Day 8, prior to observing the endpoint was considered to reflect a failure to achieve the endpoint outcome, i.e. non-response (NR). NR is not a missing value but the worst possible outcome of the endpoint. For example, if the achieved data is (NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5) then Q1 is NR, median is NR and Q3 is 3.

  5. Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) - Fatigue Score at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 4. ]

    The FACIT-Fatigue is a 13-item questionnaire that assesses self-reported fatigue and its impact upon daily activities and function. Each items is scored from 0 to 4. Score range is 0 (extreme fatigue)-52 (no fatigue).

    Change from baseline=FACIT Fatigue score at Week 4- FACIT-Fatigue score at baseline. Death, any use of escape medication, OL Spesolimab at Day 8, or rescue medication with Spesolimab after Day 8, prior to observing the endpoint was considered to reflect a failure to achieve the endpoint outcome, i.e. non-response (NR). NR is not a missing value but the worst possible outcome of the endpoint. For example, if the achieved data is s (NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5) then Q1 is NR, median is NR and Q3 is 3.


  6. Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) Score of 0 or 1 at Week 4 [ Time Frame: At Week 4. ]

    GPPGA relied on clinical assessment of the Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) patient's skin presentation. The GPPGA total score is calculated by taking the mean of the erythema subscore, pustules subscore and scaling/crusting subscore. The severity of each subscore was assessed using a 5 point scale score ranging from 0 to 4 (0=clear, 1=almost clear, 2=mild, 3=moderate, 4=severe). The final GPPGA score is assigned as follows:

    • 0, if scores for all three scores are 0,
    • 1, if 0 < mean < 1.5,
    • 2, if 1.5 ≤ mean < 2.5,
    • 3, if 2.5 ≤ mean < 3.5,
    • 4, if mean ≥ 3.5. A lower GPPGA score indicates a better outcome, with 0 being clear and 1 being almost clear.

    The proportion of participants with a GPPGA score of 0 or 1 at Week 4 is reported.


  7. Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) Pustulation Sub-score of 0 Indicating no Visible Pustules at Week 4 [ Time Frame: At Week 4. ]

    The Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Physician Global Assessment (GPPGA) relies on clinical assessment of the Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) patient's skin presentation. The investigator (or qualified site personnel) scores the erythema, pustules, and scaling of all GPP lesions from 0 to 4.

    The GPPGA pustulation subscore ranges from 0 to 4 where:

    0 = clear;

    1. = almost clear;
    2. = mild:
    3. = moderate;
    4. = severe. A lower GPPGA pustulation subscore indicates a better outcome. The proportion of patients who achieved a GPPGA pustulation subscore of 0 at Week 1 is reported.

  8. Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) 50 at Week 4 [ Time Frame: At Week 4. ]

    Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) provides a numeric scoring for a patient's overall Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) disease state, ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of skin affected by erythema, pustules, and scaling and the severity of erythema, pustules, and scaling (desquamation) over 4 body regions (head, trunk, upper limbs and lower limbs).

    A higher score indicates a worse disease state, while a score of 0 indicates no disease. GPPASI 50 is based on the percent reduction from baseline, generally summarized as a dichotomous outcome based on achieving over an 50 % reduction.

    Proportion of patients with GPPASI 50 at Week 4 is reported.


  9. Percent Change in Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) From Baseline at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 4. ]

    GPPASI provides a numeric scoring for a patient's overall Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) disease state, ranging from 0 (no disease) to 72 (worse disease state). It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of skin affected by erythema, pustules, and scaling and the severity of erythema, pustules, and scaling (desquamation) over 4 body regions (head, trunk, upper limbs and lower limbs).

    %GPPASI change from baseline=(GPPASI at Week 4-GPPASI at baseline) *100/(GPPASI at baseline).

    Death, any use of escape medication, OL Spesolimab at Day 8, or rescue medication with Spesolimab after Day 8, prior to observing the endpoint was considered to reflect a failure to achieve the endpoint outcome, i.e. non-response (NR).NR is not a missing value but the worst possible outcome of the endpoint. For example, if the achieved data is (NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, NR, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5) then Q1 is NR, median is NR and Q3 is 3. Planned statistical analysis were not performed due to lack of valid data.


  10. Proportion of Patients With a Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) 50 at Week 1 [ Time Frame: At Week 1. ]

    Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) provides a numeric scoring for a patient's overall Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) disease state, ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of skin affected by erythema, pustules, and scaling and the severity of erythema, pustules, and scaling (desquamation) over 4 body regions (head, trunk, upper limbs and lower limbs).

    A higher score indicates a worse disease state, while a score of 0 indicates no disease. GPPASI 50 is based on the percent reduction from baseline, generally summarized as a dichotomous outcome based on achieving over an 50 % reduction.

    Proportion of patients with GPPASI 50 at Week 1 is reported.


  11. Percent Change in Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) From Baseline at Week 1 [ Time Frame: At Week 1. ]

    Generalized Pustular Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (GPPASI) provides a numeric scoring for a patient's overall Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) disease state, ranging from 0 to 72. It is a linear combination of percent of surface area of skin affected by erythema, pustules, and scaling and the severity of erythema, pustules, and scaling (desquamation) over 4 body regions (head, trunk, upper limbs and lower limbs).

    A higher score indicates a worse disease state, while a score of 0 indicates no disease.

    The percent change from baseline at Week 1 is calculated as:

    % GPPASI change from baseline = (GPPASI at Week 1 - GPPASI at baseline) *100/GPPASI at baseline. If % GPPASI change from baseline is positive, it means the disease is becoming worse.


  12. Occurrence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) up to Week 1 [ Time Frame: From start of treatment until Day 7, up to 7 days. ]

    TEAEs were all Adverse Events (AEs) occurring between start of treatment and Day 8 (Day 8 excluded). AEs that started before first drug intake and deteriorated under treatment were also considered as 'treatment-emergent'.

    The exposure-adjusted incidence rate was calculated as:

    Incidence rate [1/100 patients-years] = 100 × number of patients with AE / Total AE specific time at risk [patient-years] where: Time at risk [patient-years] = (date of onset of TEAE - study drug start date + 1) /365.25


  13. Number of Patients With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) up to Week 1 [ Time Frame: From start of treatment until Day 7, up to 7 days. ]
    TEAEs were all Adverse Events (AEs) occurring between start of treatment and Day 8 (Day 8 excluded). AEs that started before first drug intake and deteriorated under treatment were also considered as 'treatment-emergent'.

  14. Occurrence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) Within the Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From start of treatment until end of the residual effect period (REP) but censored at any use of open label spesolimab, up to 16 weeks. ]

    TEAEs were all Adverse Events (AEs) occurring between start of treatment and end of the residual effect period (REP) (16 weeks). AEs that started before first drug intake and deteriorated under treatment were also considered as 'treatment-emergent'.

    The exposure-adjusted incidence rate was calculated as:

    Incidence rate [1/100 patients-years] = 100 × number of patients with AE / Total AE specific time at risk [patient-years] where Time at risk where: Time at risk [patient-years] = (date of onset of TEAE - study drug start date + 1) /365.25 If, for a patient, the selected TEAE did not occur then the time at risk was censored at min

    • Date of death
    • For patients who did not roll over into the Open Label Extension (OLE) study: last contact date Visit14/15
    • For patients who rolled over into the OLE study: the 1st dose in the OLE study
    • Drug stop date + 112 days
    • Date of Day 8 if OL spesolimab was given
    • Date of rescue medication if spesolimab was given.

  15. Number of Patients With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) Within the Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: From start of treatment until end of the residual effect period (REP) but censored at any use of open label spesolimab, up to 16 weeks. ]
    TEAEs were all Adverse Events (AEs) occurring between start of treatment and end of the residual effect period (REP) (16 weeks). AEs that started before first drug intake and deteriorated under treatment were also considered as 'treatment-emergent'.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with GPPGA of 0 or 1 and a known and documented history of GPP per European Rare And Severe Psoriasis Expert Network (ERASPEN) criteria regardless of IL36RN mutation status, with previous evidence of fever, and/or asthenia, and/or myalgia, and/or elevated C-reactive protein, and/or leucocytosis with peripheral blood neutrophilia (above ULN) OR

    -- Patients with an acute flare of moderate to severe intensity meeting the (ERASPEN) criteria of GPP with a known and documented history of GPP (per ERASPEN criteria) regardless of IL36RN mutation status, with previous evidence of fever, and/or asthenia, and/or myalgia, and/or elevated C-reactive protein, and/or leucocytosis with peripheral blood neutrophilia (above ULN)

  • Male or female patients, aged 18 to 75 years at screening.
  • Signed and dated written informed consent prior to admission to the study in accordance with ICH GCP and local legislation prior to start of any screening procedures.
  • Women of childbearing potential must be ready and able to use highly effective methods of birth control per ICH M3 (R2) that result in a low failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly. Note: A woman is considered of childbearing potential, i.e. fertile, following menarche and until becoming postmenopausal unless permanently sterile. Permanent sterilisation methods include hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and bilateral oophorectomy. Tubal ligation is not a method of permanent sterilization. A postmenopausal state is defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause
  • Further inclusion criteria apply

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with SAPHO (Synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis) syndrome.
  • Patients with primary erythrodermic psoriasis vulgaris.
  • Patients with primary plaque psoriasis vulgaris without presence of pustules or with pustules that are restricted to psoriatic plaques.
  • Drug-triggered Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP).
  • Immediate life-threatening flare of GPP or requiring intensive care treatment, according to the investigator's judgement. Life-threatening complications mainly include, but are not limited to, cardiovascular/cytokine driven shock, pulmonary distress syndrome, or renal failure.
  • Severe, progressive, or uncontrolled hepatic disease, defined as >3- fold Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) elevation in AST or ALT or alkaline phosphatase, or >2-fold ULN elevation in total bilirubin.
  • Further exclusion criteria apply

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03782792


Locations
Show Show 37 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boehringer Ingelheim
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Boehringer Ingelheim:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 26, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] December 22, 2020

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Boehringer Ingelheim
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03782792    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1368-0013
2017-004231-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 9, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 9, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

After the study is completed and the primary manuscript is accepted for publishing, researchers can use this following link https://www.mystudywindow.com/msw/datasharing to request access to the clinical study documents regarding this study, and upon a signed "Document Sharing Agreement". Also, Researchers can use the following link https://www.mystudywindow.com/msw/datasharing to find information in order to request access to the clinical study data, for this and other listed studies, after the submission of a research proposal and according to the terms outlined in the website.

The data shared are the raw clinical study data sets.

Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: After all regulatory activities are completed in the US and EU for the product and indication, and after the primary manuscript has been accepted for publication.
Access Criteria: For study documents - upon signing of a 'Document Sharing Agreement'. For study data - 1. after the submission and approval of the research proposal (checks will be performed by both the independent review panel and the sponsor, including checking that the planned analysis does not compete with sponsor's publication plan); 2. and upon signing of a 'Data Sharing Agreement'.
URL: https://www.mystudywindow.com/msw/datasharing

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psoriasis
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases