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Controlled Trial to Evaluate Amifampridine Phosphate in Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3 Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03781479
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 20, 2018
Results First Posted : June 1, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
A two-period, two-treatment, crossover study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of amifampridine phosphate in ambulatory patients diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) Type 3.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal Drug: Amifampridine Phosphate Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-period, 2-treatment, crossover, outpatient study is designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of amifampridine phosphate in ambulatory patients diagnosed with SMA Type 3. The study is planned to include approximately 12 male and female SMA Type 3 patients. The planned duration of participation for each patient is approximately 2 months, based upon length of dose titration and excluding the screening period, which can last up to 14 days. Patients should only be taking the assigned investigational product (amifampridine phosphate 10 mg tablets or matching placebo tablets), no new therapies are permitted during the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Amifampridine Phosphate in Ambulatory Patients With Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Type 3
Actual Study Start Date : January 21, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 23, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : July 23, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Amifampridine Phosphate - Placebo
Oral tablets, 30 to 80 mg per day in divided doses 3 to 4 times a day for 4 weeks
Drug: Amifampridine Phosphate
Amifampridine phosphate tablets 10 mg will be provided in round, white-scored tablets, and containing amifampridine phosphate formulated to be the equivalent of 10 mg amifampridine base per tablet.
Other Name: 3,4 diaminopyridine phosphate

Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Placebo Oral Tablet

Experimental: Placebo - Amifampridine Phosphate
Oral tablets, 30 to 80 mg per day in divided doses 3 to 4 times a day for 4 weeks
Drug: Amifampridine Phosphate
Amifampridine phosphate tablets 10 mg will be provided in round, white-scored tablets, and containing amifampridine phosphate formulated to be the equivalent of 10 mg amifampridine base per tablet.
Other Name: 3,4 diaminopyridine phosphate

Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet
Placebo Oral Tablet




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) Summary Statistics and Mixed Model Analysis [ Time Frame: Screening, the first (Day 1) and last day (Day 0) of the Run-in period, during Period 1 at Day 7 and Day 14, and during Period 2 at Day 21 and Day 28 ]
    Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) assesses motor function by functional item in order of progressive difficulty, with higher values showing higher function abilities. Each item is scored on a scale of 0-2 with 2 representing item achieved unaided and 0 representing inability to achieve item. Each item was assessed by the patient at Screening, the first (Day 1) and last day (Day 0) of the Run-in period, during Period 1 at Day 7 and Day 14, and during Period 2 at Day 21 and Day 28. The total HFMSE score was calculated as the sum of each item score, with a maximum score of 66 (all items achieved unaided) and minimum score of 0 (all items failed). Change from baseline (CFB) will be assessed from Day 0 to Day 28. A mixed effects liner model was fit with the HFMSE change from baseline (CFB) scores at Day 28 as a response and treatment, sequence, and treatment by sequence as fixed effect terms and patient as a random effect.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 50 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Willing and able to provide written informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained and before the start of any research-related procedures.
  2. Male or female between the ages of 6 and 50 years.
  3. Genetically confirmed diagnosis of SMA Type 3.
  4. Able to walk independently for at least 30 meters.
  5. Not taking Nusinersen for the treatment of SMA (Nusinersen should be stopped at least 6 months before screening). Salbutamol is permitted only if the dose has been stable during the 6 months before screening.
  6. Able to swallow oral medication.
  7. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG] at Screening); and must practice an effective, reliable contraceptive regimen during the study and for up to 30 days following discontinuation of treatment.
  8. Ability to participate in the study based on overall health of the patient and disease prognosis, as applicable, in the opinion of the Investigator; and able to comply with all requirements of the protocol, including completion of study questionnaires.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Epilepsy and currently on medication for epilepsy.
  2. Concomitant use of medicinal products with a known potential to cause QTc prolongation.
  3. Patients with long QT syndromes.
  4. An electrocardiogram (ECG) within 6 months before starting treatment that shows clinically significant abnormalities, in the opinion of the Investigator.
  5. Breastfeeding or pregnant at Screening or planning to become pregnant at any time during the study.
  6. Treatment with an investigational drug (other than amifampridine), device, or biological agent within 6 months prior to Screening or while participating in this study.
  7. Surgery for scoliosis or joint contractures within the previous 6 months.
  8. Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, might interfere with the patient's participation in the study, poses an added risk for the patient, or confound the assessment of the patient.
  9. History of drug allergy to any pyridine-containing substances or any amifampridine excipient(s).
  10. Less than a 3-point improvement in HFSME from start of the Open label Run -in period to end of Run-in (Day 0).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03781479


Locations
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Italy
Neurological Institute Carlo Besta
Milano, Lombardy, Italy, 20133
Sponsors and Collaborators
Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Maggi, MD Carlo Besta Institute, Milan, Italy
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 27, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 11, 2020

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Responsible Party: Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03781479    
Other Study ID Numbers: SMA-001
First Posted: December 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 1, 2021
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Type 3
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Atrophy
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
Atrophy
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Motor Neuron Disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Amifampridine
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Potassium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action