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Oligosaccharide for Cdiff(+) Heme-onc Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03778606
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Silvia Munoz-Price, Medical College of Wisconsin

Brief Summary:

Clostridium difficile causes ~453,000 infections and ~29,300 deaths per year in the US, making it the most common hospital acquired infection in the country. C. difficile is an anaerobic bacterium that has the capacity to inhabit the colon of humans and other mammals. Initially thought to be a commensal, it was later found to be associated with antibiotic induced enterocolitis. Since then, it has gradually become one of the most important healthcare associated pathogens. C. difficile infection (CDI) causes colitis, which is inflammation of the colonic mucosa with a spectrum of severity from mild to more protracted diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, toxic megacolon, sepsis, and in some instances death. Mortality occurs despite the existence of three antibiotic options. CDI is also associated with higher hospital readmission rates, and associated healthcare costs in the US are estimated at 4.8 billion dollars annually. Due to the significance of C. difficile in healthcare, hospital level C. difficile rates are publically reported and closely scrutinized by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. Standard infection control bundles are proving to be insufficient for controlling the national C. difficile problem. Better understanding of the biological steps preceding clinical infection and reversal of the underlying gut dysbiosis will allow us to curtail our C. difficile epidemic. The present study aims to manipulate the gut microbiota to halt the biological progression of C. difficile.

CDI is a serious problem in hematology-oncology patients. The incidence of CDI in the hematology-oncology population is much higher than in other populations and hematology-oncology inpatient units frequently have the highest incidence of CDI cases within an institution. Additionally, hematology-oncology patients have high rates of C. difficile colonization upon hospitalization and more than 50% of patients detected with C. difficile colonization before bone marrow transplantation end up diagnosed with hospital associated CDI. This finding is not trivial as CDI treatment with oral vancomycin causes major and prolonged perturbations of their intestinal microbiota, which has been associated with higher mortality. In addition to the usual complications of CDI, a higher incidence of graft-versus-host-disease has been described in patients with CDI.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clostridium Difficile Hematologic Diseases Dietary Supplement: Potato starch Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Aim 1/Objective 1. Establish the feasibility of oligosaccharide supplementation and twice a week stool collections among 12 C. difficile colonized hematology-oncology inpatients. It will be determined if at least 70% of the oligosaccharide dosages are taken by at least 8 (>=66%) of the 12 enrolled patients. Additionally, the ability to collect at least 50% of the scheduled stool samples will be evaluated.

Aim 1 will provide important information about the ideal food/drink to mix the potato starch supplemented in this study. The knowledge gained in this pilot will be used to design a future phase II or III clinical trial.

Aim 2. Explore the impact of oligosaccharide supplementation on C. difficile loads and relative abundance of Firmicutes. All stool samples will undergo 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) and bioinformatics at the MCW's Genomic and Precision Medicine Center and C. difficile quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) at the PI's research laboratory. Historical controls will be obtained from a group of over 450 hematology-oncology inpatients who underwent at least one C. difficile surveillance test and whose stool samples are currently being processed for 16S rRNA by the PI's team. Controls at a 3:1 ratio with cases will be matched based on underlying disease, unit of admission, antibiotic use, baseline C. difficile fecal loads, and baseline relative abundance of Firmicutes.

Objective 2a. Evaluate the impact of oligosaccharide supplementation on the change of C. difficile fecal loads when compared to historical controls.

Objective 2b. Explore the effect of oligosaccharide supplementation on the change in relative abundance of Firmicutes when compared to historical controls.

It is expected a reduction will occur in C. difficile fecal loads during oligosaccharide supplementation when compared to matched controls. Conversely, it is expected an increase in the relative abundance of Firmicutes (or some of its operational taxonomic units; OTUs) during oligosaccharide replacement will occur when compared to matched controls. The knowledge gained with Objectives 2a and 2b will be used to determine the sample size needed to design future phase II or phase III clinical trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Oligosaccharide Supplementation Among Hematology-Oncology Clostridium Difficile Colonized Patients
Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : August 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Starch

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Potato starch supplementation
Twelve patients found to be colonized with C. difficile will undergo twice a day potato starch supplementation.
Dietary Supplement: Potato starch
Potato starch will be given twice a day for up to 14 days, discharge, or death, whichever occurs first.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stool samples will be collected twice a week while on potato starch supplementation and 1 time at 7-days post- starch supplementation to assess any changes in the frequency of collection during the 21-day period. [ Time Frame: Day 1- Day 21 ]
    Samples will be collected twice a week (4-5 times during supplementation) and one time at day 21 or discharge, whichever happens first.

  2. Oligosaccharide intake assessed by a patient diary to measure supplementation feasibility [ Time Frame: Day 1-Day 14 ]
    Patients will be provided with a diary in which they will document compliance with oligosaccharide intake. It is anticipated ≥70% of intended doses to be fully administered by the patient.

  3. The feasibility of collecting all available stool samples stool will be assessed. A rate ≥50% of correctly collected and processed samples will be considered feasible. [ Time Frame: Day 1-Day 14 ]
    It is expected ≥50% of stool samples to be correctly collected and processed.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in C. difficile loads will be assessed using C. difficile quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). [ Time Frame: Day 1-Day 14 ]
    Stool samples collected for diagnosis and any additional stool collections will be thawed in batches and one cc aliquot will be extracted refreezing the remaining sample at -80 degrees F. One cc aliquot will then be divided into 4 sub-samples of equal volume and with the same unique identifier. This identifier will be able to chronologically cluster samples by each unique patient. A sample will be used for C. difficile qPCR quantitative determination.

  2. Changes in Firmicutes' relative abundance due to oligosaccharide supplementation measured by 16S rRNA gene sequencing [ Time Frame: Day 1-Day 14 ]
    Sub-sample of stool from diagnosis, and additional stool collections will be used for 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene sequencing to determine the microbiome community structure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet all inclusion criteria to be eligible to participate in the study.

  • Patients must be at least 18 years of age at time of consent.
  • Positive C. difficile surveillance test.
  • Absence of diarrhea or abdominal pain within the past 48 hours.
  • Patient admitted in a hematology-oncology unit which for the purposes of this study will be defined as 7-CFAC and 8-CFAC.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients must NOT meet any exclusion criteria to be eligible to participate in the study.

  • Presence of >= grade I nausea/vomiting.
  • Inability to take oral medications or food.
  • Expected length of hospitalization or survival less than 5 days
  • Patient is only boarding in hematology-oncology units and would have not otherwise been admitted to these units.
  • Unwillingness or inability to provide written informed consent.
  • Women known to be pregnant or lactating during the study.
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03778606

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United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical College of Wisconsin
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Responsible Party: Silvia Munoz-Price, Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin Identifier: NCT03778606    
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO00033794
First Posted: December 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 13, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Silvia Munoz-Price, Medical College of Wisconsin:
Clostridium difficile
Asymptomatic carrier
Potato starch
Non digestable oligosaccharide
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clostridium Infections
Hematologic Diseases
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses