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Neuro-cognitive Impact of Juvenile Obesity (OBETEEN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03776513
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Equipe NeuroImagerie et Cognition Humaine CNRS UMR 5287 - INCIA
Lab Nutrition and Integrative Neurobiology (NutriNeuro) INRA UMR 1286 - Bordeaux University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Bordeaux

Brief Summary:
Recent studies indicate that obese teenagers exhibit memory disturbances. Adolescence represents a crucial period in the development of the hippocampus and the amygdala, necessary for the implementation of memory and emotional functions for the rest of life. Disturbances of the interaction between amygdala and hippocampus during adolescence have been associated with the development of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the impact of juvenile obesity on functional amygdala-hippocampus connectivity has not been evaluated yet. The main objective of this study is to compare the emotional memory performance and the level of functional connectivity between the hippocampus and the amygdala during the realization of an emotional associative memory task, in obese and control adolescents.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pediatric Obesity Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms Emotions Behavioral: an MRI examination Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Obesity increases the prevalence of cognitive impairment. In particular, it can promote disturbances of contextual memory dependent on the hippocampus. Obesity is also associated with negative emotional consequences. However, no clinical study has so far evaluated the effect of obesity on emotional memory, a function underpinned by the amygdala. Recent studies indicate that obese children and adolescents exhibit memory disturbances. Adolescence represents a crucial period in the development of the hippocampus and the amygdala, two brain regions implicated in memory and emotional functions for the rest of life. Changes in connectivity during development, whether structural or functional, are major before the age of 10 and progressive and minor until the age of 30. Disturbances of this amygdala-hippocampal functional connectivity during adolescence have been associated with the development of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the impact of childhood obesity on functional amygdala-hippocampus connectivity has still not been evaluated. The first aim of the study is to compare the functional connectivity of the hippocampus and the amygdala measured during the realization of an emotional associative memory task or at rest before and after the task between obese teenagers and control teenagers and how closely it is related to emotional memory performances. Secondly, it will be determined whether the level of functional connectivity between the hippocampus and the amygdala is related to cognitive performances and eating symptomatology in obese teenagers.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Impact of Juvenile Obesity on Emotional Memory and Functional Connectivity Between the Amygdala and the Hippocampus
Actual Study Start Date : December 12, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 12, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 12, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: experimental group
Thirty obese boys (12-17 years old) undergoing an MRI, a clinical and psychological examination and a series of cognitive tests
Behavioral: an MRI examination
The MRI examination implies the realization of an emotional associative memory task
Other Name: a clinical and psychological examination and a series of cognitive tests

control group
Thirty healthy boys (12-17 years old) paired for pubertal stage, level of education and socio-economic level undergoing an MRI, a clinical and psychological examination and a series of cognitive tests
Behavioral: an MRI examination
The MRI examination implies the realization of an emotional associative memory task
Other Name: a clinical and psychological examination and a series of cognitive tests




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. the level of connectivity between the amygdala and the hippocampus recorded during the execution of an emotional memory task in the scanner. [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The level of connectivity between the hippocampus and the amygdala during the performance of the task will be measured through the fluctuations of the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal obtained in activation functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the performance of an associative emotional memory task. The level of functional connectivity between two brain regions will be deduced from the temporal correlation between the fluctuations of the BOLD signal between these two regions. This coefficient will be normalized in Z-score before analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The level of connectivity between the amygdala and the hippocampus before and after the task will also be recorded at rest. [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The level of functional connectivity at rest will be measured before and after the task performed in the scanner. The fluctuations of the BOLD signal recorded at rest (while the subject is quietly resting eyes closed in the machine without being engaged in the performance of a task) also makes it possible to measure levels of functional connectivity of rest between two brain regions according to a method a little different from that applied to activation images (after filtering high frequencies). A Z-score reflecting the level of connectivity will be calculated before statistical analysis.

  2. The score at the emotional memory task performed in the scanner will be collected [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The behavioral performance associated with the completion of the task is collected in an e-Prime file and expressed as percentages of correct answers.

  3. grey matter volumes (mm3) [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The investigators will construct volumetric grey matter maps using Voxel-Based-Morphometry toolbox of SPM for each subject so as to conduct whole brain analysis.

  4. cortical thicknesses (mm) [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The investigators will use FreeSurfer Suite to evaluate cortical thickness for each subject.

  5. The percentage of body fat [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The percentage of body fat will be evaluated by a bio-impedancemetry scale that automatically provides a measure of body fat and lean mass.

  6. " Paired Associates Learning Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    Paired Associates Learning assesses visual memory and new learning. Administration time: 8 minutes Task format: Boxes are displayed on the screen and are "opened" in a randomised order. One or more of them will contain a pattern. The patterns are then displayed in the middle of the screen, one at a time and the participant must select the box in which the pattern was originally located. If the participant makes an error, the boxes are opened in sequence again to remind the participant of the locations of the patterns. Increased difficulty levels can be used to test high-functioning, healthy individuals.

    Outcome measures include the errors made by the participant, the number of trials required to locate the pattern(s) correctly, memory scores and stages completed.


  7. the number of distinct words for the free-recall phase (" Verbal Recall/Recognition Memory Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination) [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    Verbal Recognition Memory assesses verbal memory and new learning. It measures the ability to encode and subsequently retrieve verbal information, with recall tapping into fronto-temporal networks and recognition assessing hippocampal areas.

    Administration time: 10 minutes Task format : The participant is shown a sequence of words on screen one by one. The participant is then tasked with recalling the words, whilst a rater marks which ones they remembered. In the next phase, the participant is presented with two words, one from the original list and one distractor and is asked to choose which one they have seen before, in a 2-force choice paradigm. The latter recognition phase is then repeated after a delay.

    One of the outcome measures is the number of distinct words for the free-recall phase


  8. " Verbal Recall/Recognition Memory Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    Verbal Recognition Memory assesses verbal memory and new learning. It measures the ability to encode and subsequently retrieve verbal information, with recall tapping into fronto-temporal networks and recognition assessing hippocampal areas.

    Administration time: 10 minutes Task format : The participant is shown a sequence of words on screen one by one. The participant is then tasked with recalling the words, whilst a rater marks which ones they remembered. In the next phase, the participant is presented with two words, one from the original list and one distractor and is asked to choose which one they have seen before, in a 2-force choice paradigm. The latter recognition phase is then repeated after a delay.

    The other outcome measures is the number of correct and incorrect responses for the immediate and delayed recognition parts of the test.


  9. Percentage of correct and incorrect responses at the " Emotion Recognition Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    The Emotion Recognition Task (ERT) measures the ability to identify six basic emotions in facial expressions along a continuum of expression magnitude.

    Administration time: 6-10 minutes Task format: Computer-morphed images derived from the facial features of real individuals, each showing a specific emotion, are displayed on the screen, one at a time. Each face is displayed for 200ms and then immediately covered up to prevent residual processing of the image. The participant must select which emotion the face displayed from 6 options (sadness, happiness, fear, anger, disgust or surprise).

    The first outcome measure for ERT is the percentages of correct and incorrect responses


  10. Number of correct or incorrect responses at the " Emotion Recognition Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    The Emotion Recognition Task (ERT) measures the ability to identify six basic emotions in facial expressions along a continuum of expression magnitude.

    Administration time: 6-10 minutes Task format: Computer-morphed images derived from the facial features of real individuals, each showing a specific emotion, are displayed on the screen, one at a time. Each face is displayed for 200ms and then immediately covered up to prevent residual processing of the image. The participant must select which emotion the face displayed from 6 options (sadness, happiness, fear, anger, disgust or surprise).

    The second outcome is the numbers of correct or incorrect response.


  11. Response latencies at the " Emotion Recognition Task " administrated through the CANTAB neuropsychological examination [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]

    The Emotion Recognition Task (ERT) measures the ability to identify six basic emotions in facial expressions along a continuum of expression magnitude.

    Administration time: 6-10 minutes Task format: Computer-morphed images derived from the facial features of real individuals, each showing a specific emotion, are displayed on the screen, one at a time. Each face is displayed for 200ms and then immediately covered up to prevent residual processing of the image. The participant must select which emotion the face displayed from 6 options (sadness, happiness, fear, anger, disgust or surprise).

    The last outcome is the response latencies


  12. cognitive functioning of the adolescent [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 24 months ]
    The cognitive functioning of the adolescent will also be evaluated by his parents through the raw scores on the 8 subscales of the BRIEF-C and on composite index (Behavioral Regulation Index and Metacognition Index), based on a set of the 8 raw scores.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Experimental group: 12-17 years old boys, BMI>30 (according to IOTF), right-handed, French secondary school, beneficiary of social security, consent of the holders of parental authority.
  • Control group: 12-17 years old boys, BMI<25 (according to IOTF), right-handed, French secondary school, beneficiary of social security, consent of the holders of parental authority.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Adolescent with pubertal stage of Tanner <2
  • Adolescent with known visual or auditory difficulties
  • Adolescent with a known chronic pathology requiring medication
  • Adolescent with psychotic, neurodevelopmental or substance use disorder
  • Adolescent who may have a contraindication to the MRI examination (presence in the body of metallic prostheses, pacemaker, metal chips, claustrophobia).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03776513


Contacts
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Contact: Pascal BARAT, MD, PhD 05-56-79-54-45 pascal.barat@chu-bordeaux.fr
Contact: Aurore CAPELLI, PhD 05-57-82-08-77 aurore.capelli@chu-bordeaux.fr

Locations
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France
Bordeaux University Hospital Recruiting
Bordeaux, France, 33079
Contact: Pascal BARAT    05 56 79 87 25    pascal.barat@chu-bordeaux.fr   
Contact: Aurore CAPELLI    05 57 82 08 77    aurore.capelli@u-bordeaux.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Bordeaux
Equipe NeuroImagerie et Cognition Humaine CNRS UMR 5287 - INCIA
Lab Nutrition and Integrative Neurobiology (NutriNeuro) INRA UMR 1286 - Bordeaux University

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Bordeaux
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03776513     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHUBX 2017/19
First Posted: December 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 14, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Bordeaux:
obesity, teenagers, emotional memory, brain networks

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obesity
Pediatric Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms