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Nivolumab, Ipilimumab and Chemoradiation in Treating Patients With Resectable Gastric Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03776487
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This pilot phase I/II trial studies the side effects and how well nivolumab and ipilimumab in combination with chemotherapy and radiation therapy work in treating patients with gastric cancer that can be removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin and fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy uses thin beams of radiation of different strengths aimed at the tumor from many angles. This type of radiation therapy may reduce the damage to healthy tissue near the tumor. Giving nivolumab, ipilimumab, chemotherapy and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with gastric cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clinical Stage 0 Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Clinical Stage 0 Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage I Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Clinical Stage I Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IIB Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IIB Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage III Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IVA Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IVA Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Gastric Adenocarcinoma Localized Gastric Carcinoma Localized Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Pathologic Stage 0 Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage 0 Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage I Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IA Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IA Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IB Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IB Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IC Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage II Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIA Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIA Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIB Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIB Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIIA Gastric Cancer AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IIIB Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage IVA Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Drug: Fluorouracil Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Biological: Ipilimumab Biological: Nivolumab Drug: Oxaliplatin Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and toxicity profile of intravenous nivolumab in combination with ipilimumab after standard chemotherapy and followed by intravenous nivolumab in combination with fluoropyrimidine and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for the treatment of localized gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) and/or gastric cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the efficacy of double checkpoint inhibition (nivolumab + ipilimumab) followed by nivolumab plus chemoradiation.

II. To assess the overall safety and tolerability of adjuvant nivolumab in subjects with resected GEJ or gastric cancer.

III. To evaluate disease free survival (DFS).

IV. To explore changes in tumor stroma profile before and after immunotherapy and radiation therapy.

V. To bank tumor and blood specimen for future correlative analysis, including, but not limited to, biomarker analysis.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive oxaliplatin intravenously (IV) over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV over 48 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 2 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning course 4, patients also receive fluorouracil IV continuously for 5 days per week and undergo 25 fractions of IMRT for 5 weeks. Patients undergo surgical resection 5-7 weeks after completing radiation therapy.

Within 8-12 weeks post-surgery, patients with residual disease may receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 8 courses (16 weeks) then every 4 weeks for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 84 days, every 12 weeks for 2 years, then every 6-12 months for up to 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Dual Checkpoint Inhibition Followed by Immuno-Chemoradiation in Patients With Resectable Gastric Adenocarcinoma (Concept ID 2016-NIV-0551)
Actual Study Start Date : January 7, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Stomach Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, IMRT)

INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV over 48 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 2 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning course 4, patients also receive fluorouracil IV continuously for 5 days per week and undergo 25 fractions of IMRT for 5 weeks. Patients undergo surgical resection 5-7 weeks after completing radiation therapy.

Within 8-12 weeks post-surgery, patients with residual disease may receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 8 courses (16 weeks) then every 4 weeks for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-Fluoro-2,4(1H, 3H)-pyrimidinedione
  • 5-Fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
  • AccuSite
  • Carac
  • Fluoro Uracil
  • Fluouracil
  • Flurablastin
  • Fluracedyl
  • Fluracil
  • Fluril
  • Fluroblastin
  • Ribofluor
  • Ro 2-9757
  • Ro-2-9757

Radiation: Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy
Undergo IMRT
Other Names:
  • IMRT
  • Intensity Modulated RT
  • Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy

Biological: Ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
  • BMS-734016
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA4
  • Yervoy

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Drug: Oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Ai Heng
  • Aiheng
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Diaminocyclohexane Oxalatoplatinum
  • Eloxatin
  • Eloxatine
  • JM-83
  • Oxalatoplatin
  • Oxalatoplatinum
  • RP 54780
  • RP-54780
  • SR-96669

Procedure: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery
Undergo partial or total gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    The Bayesian method of Thall, Simon and Estey will be implemented for toxicity monitoring. Safety data will be summarized using frequency tables by organ system, grade and attribution for the neoadjuvant period and adjuvant period separately.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Response rates will be estimated along with the corresponding exact 95% confidence interval.

  2. Incidence of adverse events in patients with resected gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) or gastric cancer [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The Bayesian method of Thall, Simon and Estey will be implemented for toxicity monitoring. Safety data will be summarized using frequency tables by organ system, grade and attribution for the neoadjuvant period and adjuvant period separately.

  3. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of surgery until disease relapse or death, whichever occurred first, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have signed and dated an Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) approved written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines. This must be obtained before the performance of any protocol-related procedures that are not part of normal subject care. Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.
  • All subjects must have localized/eligible for surgery gastric cancer (GC) or GEJ carcinoma type III, with negative peritoneal washing. Subjects must have histologically confirmed predominant adenocarcinoma. The documentation of GEJ involvement can include biopsy, endoscopy, or imaging.
  • Subject must be previously untreated with systemic treatment (including HER 2 inhibitors) given as primary therapy for advanced or metastatic disease. No prior neoadjuvant chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy and/or chemoradiotherapy are permitted.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0 or 1.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Platelets >=100,000/mcL (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or > 5.6 mmol/L; if patient is not actively bleeding and has hemoglobin of < 9g/dL, patient can receive blood transfusion to increase hemoglobin to >= 9g/dL (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCL]) > 60 mL/min for subjects with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN (measured via 24-hour urine collection) (within 28 days of treatment initiation). Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard.
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN (1.5 mg/dL or 25.65 umol/L) OR direct bilirubin < ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels < 1.5 X ULN. Except patients with Gilbert's disease (< 3 X ULN) (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Aspartate aminotransferase AST (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR < 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Albumin >= 3 mg/dL (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) < 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants. Activated partial thromboplastin Time (aPTT) < 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants (within 28 days of treatment initiation).
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to the start of study drug. Women must not be breastfeeding.
  • Prior to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of study treatment with nivolumab and 5 months after the last dose of study treatment (i.e. 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo approximately five half-lives).
  • Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for methods of contraception for the duration of study treatment with nivolumab and 7 months after the last dose of study treatment (i.e. 90 days (duration of sperm turnover) plus the time required for the investigational drug to undergo approximately five half-lives). In addition, male subjects must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Participants with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Participants with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study treatment. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • Known history of positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    • NOTE: Testing for HIV must be performed at sites where mandated locally.
  • White blood cell (WBC) < 2000/uL.
  • Any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating presence of virus, e.g. hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg Australia antigen) positive, or hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if hepatitis C virus- ribonucleic acid [HCV-RNA] negative).
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to study drug components.
  • Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the prostate, cervix, or breast.
  • Patients with serious or uncontrolled medical disorders.
  • Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03776487


Contacts
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Contact: Mariela Blum 713-792-2828 mblum1@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Mariela Blum    713-792-2828      
Principal Investigator: Mariela Blum         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mariela Blum M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03776487    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0012
NCI-2018-02344 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0012 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 5, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Stomach Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Carcinoma in Situ
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Esophageal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Oxaliplatin
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological