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Trimodality Therapy With/Out Durvalumab to Treat Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03768570
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 7, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Cancer Trials Group

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects durvalumab has on bladder cancer, combined with treatment after completion of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Drug: Durvalumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study is looking at whether a type of immunotherapy drug called durvalumab can be safely administered after initial treatment received by a patient. Durvalumab has been tested in many different types of cancers. Durvalumab works by allowing the immune system to detect cancer and reactivate the immune response. This may help to slow down the growth of cancer or may cause cancer cells to die. It is unclear if the addition of durvalumab is beneficial in patients with bladder cancer who have completed surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial Assessing Trimodality Therapy With or Without Adjuvant Durvalumab to Treat Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : December 21, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 31, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Surveillance
Active Comparator: Durvalumab Drug: Durvalumab
1500 mg IV on day 1 of 4 week cycle every 4 weeks for 12 months

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    defined as the time from the randomization to the time of the first event that is either recurrent (local or distant) bladder cancer, a new primary bladder cancer or death from any cause

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer recurrence rate [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. Loco-regional control rate between study arms at the 12 week visit [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    defined as proportion of patients with a confirmed locoregional complete response at 3 months post randomization

  3. Patterns of disease recurrence between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    The two treatment arms will be compared using the log-rank test stratified by ECOG Performance Status (0, 1 vs. 2+), Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Yes/No), whole bladder versus partial bladder versus bladder plus regional lymph nodes RT field, and disease stage (T2 vs T3/4). A table will be presented summarizing the patterns of disease recurrence by treatment arms

  4. Compare overall and bladder intact disease-free survival between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  5. Metastasis-free survival between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  6. Number and severity of adverse events between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  7. Quality of Life between treatment arms using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bladder Cancer (FACT-BL) questionnaire [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    It consists of 39 questions, of which 12 are specific to bladder cancer. The questionnaire consists of 5 subscales: physical well-being (PWB), social/family well-being (SWB), emotional well-being (EWB), functional well-being (FWB), and a final subscale focusing specifically on bladder cancer.

  8. Cost-effectiveness between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Estimate an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio reported as a difference in cost per Disease free survival-year gained of durvalumab vs. surveillance. analyses will focus on the incremental cost-effectiveness of durvalumab from a government payer perspective, over a disease-free survival time horizon by prospectively collecting economic and resource utilization information during the clinical trial.

  9. Cost-utility between study arms [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    A partitioned-survival model (Markov model) will be developed using data obtained from the trial. Different parametric models will be evaluated to fit data from the trial in order to evaluate the incremental cost-utility over a 3-, 5- and 10-y horizon.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Patients with mixed histology (including small cell) and urothelial carcinoma are eligible. Patients with pure small cell carcinoma will be excluded.
  • Stage T2-T4a N0M0 at time of diagnosis based on trans-urethral resection of bladder tumour, imaging, and/or bimanual examination under anesthesia.
  • CT scan of the chest/abdomen/pelvis within 8 weeks from enrollment, showing no evidence of metastatic disease.
  • Patients must be ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy greater than 6 months.
  • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2 and a body weight of > 30kg.
  • Patients must have adequate hematologic reserve: Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9/L, Absolute neutrophils ≥ 1.0 x 10^9/L. Anemia will be corrected to minimum hemoglobin of 90 g/L with red cell transfusions, if necessary.
  • Patients must have an estimated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault Equation) ≥ 30 ml/min.
  • Patients must have adequate liver function with a bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ULN (if confirmed Gilbert's, eligible providing bilirubin ≤ 3 x UNL) and AST/ALT (SGOT/SGPT) < 2.5 x the upper normal limit.
  • All patients must have a tumour block from their primary tumour available and consent to release the block/cores/cut slides for correlative analyses ( and the centre/pathologist must have agreed to the submission of the specimen(s).
  • Patients have completed prior trimodality therapy (TMT) consisting of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy treatment prior to enrollment. Patient should start treatment within 42 days after completion of TMT.
  • Patients must have undergone a transurethral resection prior to study enrollment.
  • Patient may have completed up to 4 cycles of cisplatin-based neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is not permitted. Patients will have received cisplatin, given intravenously during the radiation therapy. OR Patients may have received fluorouracil and mitomycin given intravenously once weekly or gemcitabine as an alternative to cisplatin during radiotherapy.
  • The following are radiotherapy guidelines for patients treated on study. Patients will be treated to radical treatment doses using IMRT, VMAT or 4 field conformal techniques. Planning will be based on CT planning. IGRT is recommended during the radiotherapy treatment. Recognizing differences in usual radiotherapy doses used in the various participating countries and centres the following would be acceptable doses in this study. The bladder CTV will include the whole empty bladder and any extravesical extension. PTV expansion will be a minimum of 0.75 cm right, left and inferiorly, 1.5 cm Anteriorly and superiorly and 1 cm posteriorly. These minimum expansions are with Cone beam verification. For patients undergoing RT without image-guided verification 1.5 cm expansion in all directions is recommended. Acceptable doses for this study include:

    • Bladder only: 64-66 Gy in 32-33 fractions over 6.5 weeks; 50-55 Gy in 20 fractions over 4 weeks
    • Pelvis and bladder: 45-46 Gy to pelvic nodes + 17-20 Gy bladder boost in 33-35 fractions over 6.5-7 wks [Note: minimal nodal dose (if used) is 44 Gy in 32f or 40 Gy in 20f]
  • Patients receiving concurrent bladder boost: pelvis dose 40 Gy and bladder dose 50 Gy given in 20 fractions over 4 weeks. Adaptive radiotherapy techniques would be acceptable.
  • Patient is able (i.e. sufficiently fluent) and willing to complete the quality of life questionnaires in either English, French or Spanish.
  • Patient consent must be appropriately obtained in accordance with applicable local and regulatory requirements. Each patient must sign a consent form prior to enrollment in the trial to document their willingness to participate.
  • Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow up. Patients registered on this trial must be treated and followed at the participating centre. This implies there must be reasonable geographical limits placed on patients being considered for this trial.
  • In accordance with CCTG policy, protocol treatment is to begin within 2 working days of patient enrollment.
  • Women/men of childbearing potential must have agreed to use a highly effective contraceptive method during and for 3 months following treatment.
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pre-existing medical conditions precluding treatment.
  • Pregnancy or lactating mothers.
  • Received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1), anti-PD-L1, including durvalumab anti-programmed cell death-ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2), anti-CD137 (4-1BB ligand, a member of the Tumour Necrosis Factor Receptor [TNFR] family), or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (anti-CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways).
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. colitis or Crohn's disease: not due to radiation reaction), diverticulitis with the exception of diverticulosis, celiac disease (controlled by diet alone) or other serious gastrointestinal chronic conditions associated with diarrhea), systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome (granulomatosis with polyangiitis), rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc., within the past 3 years prior to the start of treatment. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Patients with alopecia;
    • Patients with Grave's disease, vitiligo or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the last 2 years);
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g. following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement;
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy.
  • Patients with active or uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    • cardiac dysfunction (symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia);
    • active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis;
    • active bleeding diatheses;
    • psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent;
    • known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis;
    • known active human immunodeficiency virus infection (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). HIV-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible;
    • known active hepatitis B infection (positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as presence of hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) and absence of HBsAg) are eligible;
    • known active hepatitis C infection. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
  • History of primary immunodeficiency, history of allogenic organ transplant that requires therapeutic immunosuppression and the use of immunosuppressive agents within 28 days of randomization or a prior history of severe (grade 3 or 4) immune mediated toxicity from other immune therapy or grade ≥ 3 infusion reaction.
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 28 days of study entry, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic chronic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid. Corticosteroids used on study for anti-emetic purpose are allowed. Corticosteroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. computed tomography [CT] scan premedication) are allowed.
  • Peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2 (CTCAE v5.0).
  • History of allergic or hypersensitivity reactions to any study drug or their excipients.
  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) ≥ 470 msec in screening ECG measured using standard institutional method or history of familial long QT syndrome.
  • History of interstitial lung disease e.g. pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of interstitial lung disease on baseline CT scan.
  • Any active disease condition which would render the protocol treatment dangerous or impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol therapy.
  • Any condition (e.g. psychological, geographical, etc.) that does not permit compliance with the protocol.
  • Live attenuated vaccination administered within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • Any prior carboplatin based therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03768570

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
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Study Chair: Wassim Kassouf The Research Institute of the McGill University, Montreal QC Canada
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Responsible Party: Canadian Cancer Trials Group Identifier: NCT03768570    
Other Study ID Numbers: BL13
2019-001310-42 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 7, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 2, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents