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Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography(D-OCT) Aging Study: A Preliminary Evaluation of Structural Differences Between Young and Aged Skin, Cellulite and Atrophic Acne Scars in Female Caucasian Subjects With Fitzpatrick Skin Types I-III Utilizing Non-invasive in Vivo D-OCT.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03767400
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Allergan

Brief Summary:
This single-center clinical study is being conducted over the course of 2 weeks to conduct an exploratory pilot study as a preliminary evaluation of D-OCT's ability to measure skin changes from aging. Assess structural differences between young and aged skin on the face. To identify the structural characteristics of atrophic acne scars relative to normal skin on the face. To explore characteristics of cellulite relative to normal skin on the thigh in young and aged skin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Skin Care Device: Skin Imaging Other: Facial Cleanser

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 110 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT) Aging Study: A Preliminary Evaluation of Structural Differences Between Young and Aged Skin, Cellulite and Atrophic Acne Scars in Female Caucasian Subjects With Fitzpatrick Skin Types I-III Utilizing Non-invasive in Vivo D-OCT.
Estimated Study Start Date : December 7, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 29, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Acne Scars Skin Aging

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Group A - Young skin (18 - 30 years old)
Assessments will be made after facial cleansing on areas being imaged utilizing VivoSight Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT). Post-study D-OCT images will be processed with VivoSight software. Assessments of participant's overall photodamage and participant's appearance of fine lines/wrinkles will be measured.
Device: Skin Imaging
Non-invasive in vivo skin imaging will be taken with the VivoSight D-OCT and the measurements will be acquired post-study utilizing VivoSight software.

Other: Facial Cleanser
Participants will be instructed to remove all makeup from the face and cleanse the face with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to investigator assessments and photography, and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. Particiapnts in the cellulite group will have the thigh area cleansed with Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to photography and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. For standardization, this procedure will be performed with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser (to remove makeup and cleanse the face and thigh (if applicable)) for all the participants.
Other Name: SkinMedica® Facial Cleanser

Group B - Aged skin (55 - 75 years old)
Assessments will be made after facial cleansing on areas being imaged utilizing VivoSight Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT). Post-study D-OCT images will be processed with VivoSight software. Assessments of participant's overall photodamage and participant's appearance of fine lines/wrinkles will be measured.
Device: Skin Imaging
Non-invasive in vivo skin imaging will be taken with the VivoSight D-OCT and the measurements will be acquired post-study utilizing VivoSight software.

Other: Facial Cleanser
Participants will be instructed to remove all makeup from the face and cleanse the face with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to investigator assessments and photography, and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. Particiapnts in the cellulite group will have the thigh area cleansed with Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to photography and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. For standardization, this procedure will be performed with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser (to remove makeup and cleanse the face and thigh (if applicable)) for all the participants.
Other Name: SkinMedica® Facial Cleanser

Group C - Atrophic acne scars (18 - 75 years old)
Assessments will be made after facial cleansing on areas being imaged utilizing VivoSight Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT). Post-study D-OCT images will be processed with VivoSight software. Assessments of participant's overall photodamage and participant's appearance of fine lines/wrinkles will be measured.
Device: Skin Imaging
Non-invasive in vivo skin imaging will be taken with the VivoSight D-OCT and the measurements will be acquired post-study utilizing VivoSight software.

Other: Facial Cleanser
Participants will be instructed to remove all makeup from the face and cleanse the face with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to investigator assessments and photography, and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. Particiapnts in the cellulite group will have the thigh area cleansed with Facial Cleanser at least 15 minutes prior to photography and at least 30 minutes prior to use of D-OCT. For standardization, this procedure will be performed with SkinMedica Facial Cleanser (to remove makeup and cleanse the face and thigh (if applicable)) for all the participants.
Other Name: SkinMedica® Facial Cleanser




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. VivoSight software measurements of Epidermal Thickness [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Epidermal thickness will be measured in microns.

  2. VivoSight software measurements of surface roughness [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Surface roughness measurements (Ra, Rq, Rz) will be measured in microns.

  3. VivoSight software measurements of redness [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Redness will be measured in number of pixels.

  4. VivoSight software measurements of attenuation coefficient [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Attenuation coefficient will be measured per cm (cm-1).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Photodamage Score at Day 1 [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    The Investigator will assess the participant's overall photodamage using a 10-point scale where (0) = None to (9) = Severe).

  2. Overall Appearance of Fine Lines/Wrinkles Cheek Areas [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    The investigator will assess the participant's appearance of fine lines/wrinkles using a 5-point scale from (0=None to 4=Diffuse).

  3. Post-study Dynamic Optical Coherence Tomography (D-OCT) Image Analysis of Epidermal Thickness [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert.

  4. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Density and Attenuation Coefficient of Epidermis [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert.

  5. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Density and Attenuation Coefficient of Superficial Dermis [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert.

  6. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Collagen Fibers [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert. Measured as normal or in bundles.

  7. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Integrity of Collagen [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert. Measure as (few, moderate, or many fragments).

  8. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Score of Vessels [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert. Measured at 300 and 500 microns.

  9. Post-study D-OCT Image Analysis of Vascularity Quantification with Thresholds [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Post-study D-OCT image analysis will be done (at the sponsor's discretion) by an independent physician expert. Measured at 300 and 500 microns depth.

  10. Blinded Independent Physician Assessor Grading of the D-OCT Images of Stratum Corneum Reflectivity [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Grading (0 = absent to 3 = high).

  11. Blinded Independent Physician Assessor Grading of the D-OCT images of Upper Dermal Reflectivity [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Grading (0 = absent to 3 = high).

  12. Blinded Independent Physician Assessor Grading of the D-OCT Images of Dermoepidermal Contrast [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Grading (0 = absent to 3 = high).

  13. Blinded Independent Physician Assessor Grading of the D-OCT images of Vessel Density [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    Grading (0 = no vessels to 3 = many vessels).

  14. Antera 3D Images [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    The investigator will capture 3D images utilizing the Antera 3D.

  15. VISIA-CR Images [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    The investigator will capture standardized digital photographs utilizing the VISIA-CR.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Female Caucasian subjects with Fitzpatrick skin types I-III that meet one of the criteria listed; ages 18-30 years old without acne scars on the face with or without visible cellulite on posterior thigh, or ages 55-75 years old without acne scars on the face with or without visible cellulite on posterior thigh, or ages 18-75 years old with atrophic acne scars.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female Caucasian subjects with Fitzpatrick skin types I-III that meet one of the criteria listed below:

    1. Ages 18-30 years old without acne scars on the face with or without visible cellulite on posterior thigh, or
    2. Ages 55-75 years old without acne scars on the face with or without visible cellulite on posterior thigh, or
    3. Ages 18-75 years old with atrophic acne scars
  • Subject has completed an appropriately administered informed consent process which includes signing the IRB approved consent form.
  • Good general health and free of any disease state or physical condition (e.g. psoriasis, rosacea, scars, tattoos etc.) which, in the investigator's opinion, might impair evaluations of the test sites or expose the subject to an unacceptable risk by study participation.
  • Willingness to remove all makeup on the day of the visit. Makeup may be applied after the study visit has been completed.
  • Willingness to cleanse their face and remove all face makeup at each scheduled clinic visit. No other topical products should be applied to the face until the study visit has been completed.

    i. For cellulite subgroup, willingness to have thigh cleansed at each scheduled clinic visit.

  • Willingness to have investigator exams, skin instrumentation measurements, and digital photos performed on the face and/or thigh (for cellulite subgroup).
  • Women of childbearing potential must not be pregnant at the time of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would make it unsafe for the subject to participate in the study or interfere with their clinical assessments (including conditions that require the concurrent use of anticoagulants, bleeding coagulopathies, photosensitivity diseases).
  • Individuals with active symptoms of allergy, cold sore or warts, active psoriasis or eczema, rosacea, sunburn, open wounds, neurotic excoriations, tattoos, or other skin conditions in the test areas that would interfere with the assessments of this study.
  • Individuals who are pregnant.
  • Uncontrolled disease such as diabetes, hypertension, hyper or hypo-thyroidism, active hepatitis, immune deficiency, or autoimmune.
  • Individuals who have a pre-existing or dormant dermatologic condition (e.g. history of severe psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, skin cancer, etc.)
  • Individuals who have routinely used any of the following topical products, prescription products, or had any of the listed treatments/procedures within the listed time frame prior to study entry or will use during study:

    1. Any product that the investigator deems that could affect the study objectives. These include products that address skin imperfections. This does not include a basic cleanser, moisturizer and sunscreen.(time frame 2 weeks)
    2. Chemical peel, microdermabrasion, dermaplaning, or microneedling (time frame 3 months)
    3. Retin-A®, Retin-A Micro®, Renova®, Avita®, Tazorac®, Avage® or Differin® or other similar prescription drugs (time frame 3 months)
    4. Cosmetic injections (filler and/or toxins, i.e. Juvederm, Radiesse, Botox, etc.), non-ablative laser or fractional laser resurfacing (time frame 12 months)
    5. Accutane® or other oral retinoid, Ablative procedures (i.e. laser, chemical) (time frame 12 months)
  • Individuals who have any planned surgeries or procedures during the study.
  • Individuals who participated in a facial usage study within the last 30 days, or who are currently participating on another usage study.
  • Individuals currently on or planning to participate on any type of research study at another facility or a doctor's office during this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03767400


Contacts
Contact: Clinical Trials Registry Team 877-277-8566 IR-CTRegistration@Allergan.com

Locations
United States, California
Skinmedica Clinical Research and Innovation Center Recruiting
Irvine, California, United States, 92612
Sponsors and Collaborators
Allergan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lisa Goberdhan Allergan

Responsible Party: Allergan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03767400     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCRIC18-OCT-01
First Posted: December 6, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cellulite
Skin Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms