Cord Blood Transfusion In Preterm Neonates (CB-TrIP) (CB-TrIP)
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Repeated transfusions have been associated with very poor outcome of preterm infants. Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and adult Hb (HbA) have different affinity for oxygen. The high level of adult Hb may contribute to exacerbating the oxidative damage responsible for prematurity diseases. The investigators hypothesized that transfusing red blood cells (RBC) obtained from allogeneic cord blood (CB) of healthy full-term babies (which contains almost exclusively HbF) may prevent the non-physiological decrease of HbF in premature neonates, likewise protecting them from oxygen radical diseases. Cord blood transfusion in preterms - CB TRIP - is a monocentric prospective nonrandomized study aimed to monitor HbF levels in preterm neonates receiving RBC transfusions from either umbilical blood of full-term healthy babies (CB-RBC) and/or from adult donors (A-RBC).
Condition or disease
Premature Infant DiseaseTransfusion Related ComplicationFetal Hemoglobin
Preterm neonates enrolled in this study are monitored for the level of HbF on capillary blood samples, from birth to the week 32 of postmenstrual age (PMA). To fulfill the RBC transfusion requirements, RBC concentrates obtained from umbilical blood of full-term healthy babies are utilized, if available; otherwise, RBC concentrates from adult donors are assigned. For every week of PMA, neonates undergo a minimum of three HbF determinations, and the median value is considered.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
The CB TRIP trial enrolls preterm neonates born before the 30th week of gestation and/or neonates with birth weight <1000 grams, admitted to the NICU of Policlinico Gemelli, and candidate to receive one or more RBC transfusions. These characteristics (birth <28 weeks of gestation and birth weight <1000 grams) identify a very fragile population, with significant early mortality and morbidity and high risk for lifelong invalidating consequences.
preterm neonates born at PMA ≤30 weeks and/or with birth weight ≤1000 g born at the delivery room of Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli candidate to receive one or more RBC unit transfusion.
One or more of the following criteria Maternal-fetal immunization Hydrops fetalis Major congenital malformations associated or not with genetic syndromes Previous transfusions Hemorrhage at birth Congenital infections (such as infections from TORCH complex) Out-born infants The health care team deems it inappropriate to approach the infant's family for informed consent