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Study With Paclitaxel +/- Ramucirumab in Patients With Squamous-cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus After Prior Therapy (RAMOS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03762564
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eli Lilly and Company
Trium Analysis Online GmbH
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest

Brief Summary:
This is a multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label phase II study including patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus, refractory or intolerant to combination therapy with Fluoropyrimidine and Platinum-based drugs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus Drug: Ramucirumab Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a phase II, randomized, open-label multi-center study comparing treatment of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab with paclitaxel monotherapy in patients with advanced squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus.

Adult patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus and refractory or intolerant to combination therapy with Fluoropyrimidine and Platinum-based drugs will be enrolled in the study.

A total number of 186 patients will be enrolled (Randomization 1:1). 93 patients will be treated with paclitaxel + ramucirumab (Arm A) and 93 with paclitaxel (Arm B).

Randomization will be stratified by time of progression during or after end of first-line therapy (≤3 months vs. >3 months).

The primary objective is to compare overall survival (OS) after 6 months in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus, refractory or intolerant to combination therapy with Fluoropyrimidine and Platinum-based drugs receiving paclitaxel with ramucirumab versus paclitaxel alone in the intent-to-treat population (ITT). OS is defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause.

Patients in Arm A (investigational arm) receive Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 on day 1, 8, 15 plus Ramucirumab 8 mg/kg i.v. infusion on day 1 and 15 every 4 weeks. Patients in Arm B (control arm) receive Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 on day 1, 8, 15 every 4 weeks. Study treatment will be continued until progression or intolerable toxicity, but for a maximum of 1 year.

Tumor assessment will be performed according to clinical routine at screening / baseline and every 8 weeks.

After discontinuation of study medication, patients will be followed for up to 1 year. Tumor assessments per CT or MRI will be performed every 2 months for 6 months or until documentation of disease progression. Follow-up for survival will be done and documented every 2 months for the 1 year follow-up period after end of treatment.

During treatment, clinical visits (blood cell counts, detection of toxicity) will be performed prior to every treatment dose. Safety of paclitaxel +/- ramucirumab will be monitored continuously by careful monitoring of all adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) reported. Prior to the start of each cycle and at the 30-day safety follow-up visit Quality of life (QoL) will be assessed using the European Organization for Research and treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 186 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Multicenter Open Label Phase II Trial of Paclitaxel + Ramucirumab Versus Paclitaxel Alone in Patients With Squamous-cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus, Refractory or Intolerant to Combination Therapy With Fluoropyrimidine and Platinum-based Drugs - The RAMOS STUDY
Actual Study Start Date : March 8, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A (Paclitaxel + Ramucirumab)
Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 as 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1, 8, 15 plus Ramucirumab 8 mg/kg as 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1 and 15 qd 28
Drug: Ramucirumab
Ramucirumab 8 mg/kg i.v. infusion on day 1 and 15
Other Name: Cyramza

Drug: Paclitaxel
Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 on day 1, 8, 15

Active Comparator: Arm B (control arm)
Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 as 1 hour intravenous infusion on day 1, 8, 15 qd 28
Drug: Paclitaxel
Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 on day 1, 8, 15




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    OS rate at 6 months, defined as patients who are alive after at 6 months


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    PFS, defined as the time from randomization to the first occurrence of progression, as determined by the investigator using CT criteria, or death from any cause

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival according to Kaplan-Meier

  3. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Objective response rate defined as the proportion of patients with complete or partial remission according to RECIST 1.1

  4. Tumor control rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Tumor control rate defined as the proportion of patients with complete or partial remission or stable disease according to RECIST 1.1

  5. Quality of life (QoL) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year and 30 days ]
    Quality of life (QoL) as measured by EORTC-QLQ-C30 at d1 of each cycle, on EOT (end of treatment) and 30 days after EOT.

  6. Incidence and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year and 30 days ]
    incidence and severity of adverse events according to CTCAE (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) Version 4 criteria as assessed at day 1, 8 and 15 of every cycle during treatment for a maximum of 12 months and until 30 days after the last dose of study drug



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed written informed consent;
  2. Male or female* ≥ 18 years of age; Patients in reproductive age must be willing to use adequate contraception during the study and for 6 months after the end of ramucirumab treatment (Appropriate contraception is defined as surgical sterilization (e.g., bilateral tubal ligation, vasectomy), hormonal contraception (implantable, patch, oral), and double-barrier methods (any double combination of: IUD, male or female condom with spermicidal gel, diaphragm, sponge, cervical cap)). Female patients with childbearing potential need to have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days before study start.

    *There are no data that indicate special gender distribution. Therefore, patients will be enrolled in the study gender-independently.

  3. Histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus

    • Adult patients with metastatic or locally advanced squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus, not amenable to potentially curative resection, who are refractory to or intolerant of prior platinum/fluoropyrimidine combination therapy. The definition of refractory should be defined as follows:
    • Patients whose PD or recurrence was confirmed by imaging during their initial chemotherapy (including chemoradiation) or within 8 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy will be assessed as "refractory".
    • Patients after radical resection in conjunction with chemotherapy, including neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy and chemoradiation, whose recurrence was confirmed by imaging within 24 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy, will be determined "refractory".
  4. Measurable or non-measurable but evaluable disease determined using guidelines in RECIST 1.1 as confirmed within 28 days before randomization
  5. ECOG performance status 0-1;
  6. Life expectancy > 12 weeks;
  7. Adequate hematological, hepatic and renal functions:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L;
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L;
    • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (5.58 mmol/L
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper normal limit (UNL)
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x UNL in absence of liver metastases, or ≤ 5 x UNL in presence of liver metastases; AP ≤ 5 x UNL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal, or creatinine clearance (measured via 24-hour urine collection) ≥40 mL/minute (that is, if serum creatinine is >1.5 times the ULN, a 24-hour urine collection to calculate creatinine clearance must be performed)
    • Urinary protein ≤1+ on dipstick or routine urinalysis (UA; if urine dipstick or routine analysis is ≥2+, a 24-hour urine collection for protein must demonstrate <1000 mg of protein in 24 hours to allow participation in this protocol).
    • Adequate coagulation function as defined by International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5, and a partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤ 5 seconds above the ULN (unless receiving anticoagulation therapy). Patients on full-dose anticoagulation must be on a stable dose (minimum duration 14 days) of oral anticoagulant or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Patients receiving warfarin/ phenprocoumon must be switched to low molecular weight heparin and have an INR ≤3.0 prior to first dose of protocol therapy. For heparin and LMWH there should be no active bleeding (that is, no bleeding within 14 days prior to first dose of protocol therapy) or pathological condition present that carries a high risk of bleeding (for example, tumor involving major vessels or known varices).
  8. Ability to comply with scheduled assessments and with management of toxicities

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Other tumor type than squamous carcinoma (e.g. leiomyosarcoma, lymphoma) or a second cancer except in patients with squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated. Patients curatively treated and disease-free for at least 5 years will be discussed with the sponsor before inclusion.
  2. Patients with significant malnutrition who receive intravenous hyperalimentation or require continuous infusion therapy with hospitalization.
  3. Patients with apparent tumor invasion on organs located adjacent to the esophageal disease. Patients will be excluded if they are receiving stent therapy in esophagus or respiratory tract.
  4. Concurrent chronic systemic immune therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy not indicated in the study protocol.
  5. Previous therapy with paclitaxeI
  6. Current treatment with any anti-cancer therapy ≤ 2 weeks prior to study treatment start, unless rapidly progressing disease is measured
  7. Concurrent treatment with any other anti-cancer therapy
  8. Previous exposure to a VEGF or VEGFR inhibitor or any antiangiogenic agent, or prior enrolment in this study
  9. Patient has undergone major surgery within 28 days prior to first dose of protocol therapy, or minor surgery/subcutaneous venous access device placement within 7 days prior to first dose of protocol therapy. The patient has elective or planned major surgery to be performed during the course of the clinical trial.
  10. Grade 3-4 GI bleeding within 3 months prior to enrollment
  11. History of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or any other significant thromboembolism (venous port or catheter thrombosis or superficial venous thrombosis are not considered "significant") during the 3 months prior to first dose of protocol therapy-
  12. Cirrhosis at a level of Child-Pugh B (or worse) or cirrhosis (any degree) and a history of hepatic encephalopathy or clinically meaningful ascites resulting from cirrhosis. Clinically meaningful ascites is defined as ascites from cirrhosis requiring diuretics or paracentesis.
  13. Known brain or leptomeningeal metastases.
  14. Known allergic/ hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of the treatment.
  15. Other serious illness or medical conditions within the last 12 months prior to study drug administration.
  16. Any arterial thromboembolic events, including but not limited to myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, or unstable angina, within 6 months prior to first dose of protocol.
  17. The patient has uncontrolled or poorly-controlled hypertension (>160 mmHg systolic or > 100 mmHg diastolic for >4 weeks) despite standard medical management.
  18. Active uncontrolled infection.
  19. Active disseminated intravascular coagulation.
  20. Any other serious concomitant disease or medical condition that in the judgment of the investigator renders the subject at high risk of treatment complication or reduced the probability of assessing clinical effect
  21. Prior history of GI perforation/fistula (within 6 months of first dose of protocol therapy) or risk factors for perforation.
  22. Serious or nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within 28 days prior to first dose of protocol therapy.
  23. The patient is receiving chronic antiplatelet therapy, including aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, including ibuprofen, naproxen, and others), dipyridamole or clopidogrel, or similar agents. Once-daily aspirin use (maximum dose 325 mg/day) is permitted.
  24. Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or participation in another clinical trial with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to treatment start.
  25. Known drug abuse/ alcohol abuse.
  26. Lack of resolution of all toxic effects (excluding alopecia) of prior chemotherapy, prior radiotherapy or surgical procedure to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade < 1. Note: Neuropathy due to prior chemotherapy is allowed if not > NCI Grade II according to CTCAE version 4.0.
  27. Subject pregnant or breast feeding, or planning to become pregnant within 6 months after the end of treatment.
  28. Subject (male or female) is not willing to use highly effective methods of contraception (per institutional standard) during treatment and for 6 months (male or female) after the end of treatment.
  29. Patients with a psychiatric illness or patients imprisoned or working in the institution of the treating physician.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03762564


Contacts
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Contact: Sylvie Lorenzen, Prof. Dr. +498941409696 sylvie.lorenzen@mri.tum.de
Contact: Claudia Pauligk, Dr. +496976013906 pauligk.claudia@ikf-khnw.de

Locations
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Germany
Institute for Clinical Cancer Research Krankenhaus Nordwest Recruiting
Frankfurt, Germany, 60488
Contact: Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Prof    +496976014420      
Contact: Claudia Pauligk    +496976013906      
Technische Universität München Klinikum rechts der Isar Recruiting
Muenchen, Germany, 81675
Contact: Sylvie Lorenzen, Prof. Dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest
Eli Lilly and Company
Trium Analysis Online GmbH
Investigators
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Study Chair: Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Prof. Dr. Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest
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Responsible Party: Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03762564    
Other Study ID Numbers: RAMOS
AIO-STO-0216 ( Other Identifier: AIO )
2016-003850-33 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 3, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No IPD will be shared

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Institut für Klinische Krebsforschung IKF GmbH at Krankenhaus Nordwest:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus
Ramucirumab
Paclitaxel
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Esophageal Neoplasms
Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Paclitaxel
Ramucirumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action