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Influenza Vaccine as a Novel Experimental Model of the Behavioral Immune Response in Depression

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03756246
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas at Austin

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine differences between the immune responses in healthy and depressed people. Participants will receive the influenza vaccine and their responses will be monitored. This study will recruit 15 healthy and 60 depressed participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depression Healthy Biological: Influenza Vaccine Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to determine differences between the immune responses in healthy and depressed people. Specifically subjects are provided a mild immune stimulus, an influenza vaccine, and their responses are monitored. The goals are to determine whether patients with depression experience a temporary worsening of mood in response to the stimulus and whether this is associated with measurable differences in the cytokine response to the vaccine. Additionally, patients with depression may be less likely to mount a successful antibody response to vaccination as healthy people based on circumstantial evidence, and this study will assess whether this the case.

This study aims to recruit a sample of 15 healthy and 60 depressed participants. The 15 healthy participants will be age and gender matched to the first 15 depressed participants recruited. Three more sets of age and gender matched depressed subjects will be recruited. This will result in 15 sets of "quintuplets" (4 depressed and one healthy), that are matched by age and gender. The study consists of four visits. The first visit is the baseline assessment where participants will receive the influenza vaccine. Participants will then return 1, 3 and 28 days after receiving the vaccine to assess their responses.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Both healthy and depressed arms will receive the influenza vaccine.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Influenza Vaccine as a Novel Experimental Model of the Behavioral Immune Response in Depression
Estimated Study Start Date : January 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Depression Subjects: Influenza Vaccine
Subjects will receive a quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine, for the appropriate season/year of enrollment. The vaccine will be administered by the PI or similarly trained clinician, into the deltoid muscle as directed
Biological: Influenza Vaccine
The appropriate quadrivalent influenza vaccine for the give year will be given to subjects.
Other Names:
  • flu shot
  • flu vaccine

Active Comparator: Healthy Subjects: Influenza Vaccine
Subjects will receive a quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine, for the appropriate season/year of enrollment. The vaccine will be administered by the PI or similarly trained clinician, into the deltoid muscle as directed
Biological: Influenza Vaccine
The appropriate quadrivalent influenza vaccine for the give year will be given to subjects.
Other Names:
  • flu shot
  • flu vaccine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Positive and Negative Affect Schedules Score [ Time Frame: 1 Day ]

    We will compute change in scores on the PANAS-x subscales between baseline and day 1. Self reported assessment that contains both positive and negative words and phrases that describe different feelings and emotions. Subjects read each item and mark the appropriate answer for how they feel right now as they fill out the form. Possible answers and the associated score are: (1) Not at all, (2) A little, (3) Moderately, (4) Quite a bit, (5) Extremely. To rate, responses to items in each scale are summed. The scales in the PANAS are listed below with the number of items in that scale in parentheses followed by the total range of the scale.

    General Dimensions Negative Affect (10) 10-50 General Dimensions of Positive Affect (10) 10-50 Negative Emotion Fear (6) 6-30 Hostility (6): 6-30 Guilt (6): 6-30 Sadness (5) 5- 25 Positive Emotion Joviality (8) 8-40 Self-Assurance (6) 6-30 Attentiveness (4) 4-20 Other Affective States Shyness (4) 4-20 Fatigue (4) 4-20 Serenity (3) 3-15



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Cytokine Concentration (pg/mL) [ Time Frame: 3 Days ]
    We will compute differences in cytokine (IFN- α, IFN-y, IL-6, IL1-β and TNF-α) values for each subject between baseline and day 1 and days 1 and 3. Using OLS regression we will compute regressions between hypothesis appropriate time points using baseline CRP, QIDS, PANAS score and BMI as covariates.

  2. Difference in PGE4/LipoxinA4 Ratio [ Time Frame: 3 Days ]
    After determining the difference in the PGE4/LipoxinA4 ratio between days 1 and 3, we will perform a similar regression.

  3. Tryptophan Metabolites [ Time Frame: 1 Day ]
    We will calculate difference between baseline and day 1 in the KYN/TRP and KYNA/QUIN ratios and us them in regression models as above, correcting for two tests.

  4. HPA Axis [ Time Frame: 3 Days ]
    To test the hypothesis that ACTH/cortisol affects peak inflammatory cytokine levels in MDD, we will use similar OLS regression models including HPA-axis response as a covariate and examining its interaction with cytokines as the dependent variables.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Fold Change [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
    : Fold change from pre- to 28 days post-vaccine will be calculated for each of the three influenza strains targeted by the vaccine. Fold change > 4 to any one of the three strains will be considered "success." Proportion of successful vaccination will be compared between HC and MDD using a linear model adjusted for age and pre-vaccination titer, which have been shown to affect antibody response.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria for all subjects

  • Adults age 18-60
  • Able to provide written informed consent directly, without use of a proxy
  • Able to speak and write in English sufficiently to undergo consent and to complete self reports

Inclusion Criteria for depressed subjects

  • Currently meets criteria for a Depressive Episode and a diagnosis of MDD according Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)
  • Depressive severity of ≥ 12 on the Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology, Clinician Rated (QIDS-C), corresponding to more than mild depression severity, but <21, indicating not severe

Inclusion Criteria for healthy Subjects

  • No lifetime Axis I diagnosis on the MINI
  • QIDS-SR score <6 indicating no depression
  • CRP at screening of <1mg/L.

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion Criteria for all subjects

  • Active, unstable, or serious medical illness (e.g. requiring urgent out-patient or higher level of care) as determined by history and lab examination at screening. For example, subjects with untreated cardiovascular disease (blood pressure above 140/80 on repeated measurements, history of cardiac event without medical follow up) or untreated diabetes (based on symptoms and elevated fasting blood sugar at screening) will be excluded.
  • Taking medications that have a significant effect on the immune system. This includes daily Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). As needed NSAIDs will not be exclusionary but subjects will be asked to refrain from NSAID usage for 48 hours prior to the vaccination visit and through the day 3 visit.
  • Has received the influenza vaccine for the current season or within the last 12 months
  • Infection with fever or otherwise clinically significant in the last two weeks. Subjects with elevated white blood cell count at screening will also be excluded.
  • Current and within the last 3 months meeting criteria for tobacco use disorder.
  • Previous severe adverse event associated with IIV
  • History of allergy to any component of the IIV
  • History of Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Pregnancy
  • Otherwise judged unable to comply with study procedures or unsafe to participate by study clinician

Exclusion Criteria for Depressed Subjects

  • Life-time history of mania, hypomania, or psychosis on the MINI
  • Meets or has met criteria for substance abuse or dependence in the last 6 months (3 months for nicotine)
  • Meets or has met criteria for any eating disorder in the last 6 months
  • Baseline suicidal ideation above "passive" defined as thoughts of death or dying (e.g. wish for natural death) without thoughts of active methods (e.g. overdose) or intent to die, as determined using the Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale (CHRT) (assessment interval "the last week") and clinician interview.

No Exclusion Criteria for Healthy Subjects


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03756246


Contacts
Contact: Project Coordinator 512-495-5595 behavioral.immunology.lab@dellmed.utexas.edu
Contact: Maria Toups, M.D. 512-494-4672 marisa.toups@austin.utexas.edu

Locations
United States, Texas
Marisa Toups Not yet recruiting
Austin, Texas, United States, 78701
Contact: Project Coordinator    512-495-5595    behavioral.immunology.lab@dellmed.utexas.edu   
Contact: Alyssa Marron    512-495-5595    alyssa.marron@austin.utexas.edu   
Principal Investigator: Marisa Toups, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Texas at Austin

Responsible Party: University of Texas at Austin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03756246     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018030078
First Posted: November 28, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 28, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by University of Texas at Austin:
depression
Major Depressive Disorder
depressive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs