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Hybrid PET/MR Imaging of Acute Cardiac Inflammation After Left-Sided Breast Cancer Radiotherapy (RICT-BREAST)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03748030
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 27, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lawson Health Research Institute

Brief Summary:
Radiation therapy (RT) of the breast is a critical component of modern breast cancer treatment. RT treatments have led to improved local control and overall survival of breast cancer patients. However, the incidence of radiation induced harmful effects is increasing in these patients. This is because in delivering RT, it is difficult to completely avoid surrounding non-cancerous normal tissue, including the heart. The main concern here is that radiation induced effects on the heart may lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in a patient's life, potentially many years after radiation. Despite methods that can detect alterations in blood flow one to two years following radiotherapy, knowledge of early radiation effects to the heart is still limited. A previous animal experiment performed by our group involved delivering a radiation dose to the heart in a manner similar to the way a heart would be exposed, during radiotherapy for a cancer involving the left breast. Taking several images over the months following radiation with a new imaging technique, hybrid PET/MRI, has suggested an increase in inflammation can be detected as early as one-week following irradiation and may be the triggering event for cardiac disease seen in women 10-15 years after radiotherapy. The investigators propose a pilot study where 15 left-sided breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy will be imaged before, as well as one week and one-year post radiotherapy with our hybrid PET/MRI scanner. Areas of inflammation, changes in blood flow, and scar formation within the heart, will be measured by looking at the difference between images that are taken after radiation treatment to the images taken before treatment. The expectation is that any areas of the heart that show detectable differences in the images will be directly related to how much radiation was deposited in those areas. The information gained from this pilot study which will correlate the amount of radiation administered to the degree and extent of injury will help aid in the design of new treatment strategies, that can hopefully decrease or eliminate inadvertent heart damage, thereby, improving the quality of life for breast cancer patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Left-Sided Breast Cancer Radiation Toxicity Radiation: Confirmed Left-Sided Breast Cancer

Detailed Description:

Goals: The overall goal of this study is to identify the presence of acute low-dose radiation induced cardiac toxicity, including inflammation, in left-sided breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy using hybrid positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Methodology: A imaging pilot study composed of 15 left-sided breast cancer patients receiving standard radiotherapy is proposed. Patients will be imaged at baseline, within the first month post radiotherapy, and within the first-year post radiotherapy using a hybrid 3T-PET/MRI system (Biograph mMR, Siemens Healthcare). The PET imaging protocol is designed to assess changes in both myocardial perfusion and inflammation. The MR imaging protocol, acquired simultaneously, will be used to identify heart volume, wall motion, mature fibrosis or scar.

Outcome: The findings of this studies will validate the utility of hybrid PET/MRI to detect early inflammatory response, changes in myocardial perfusion, and heart function as a function of radiation dose in a human breast cancer population. This will allow consideration of new techniques to minimize or eliminate heart complications to future cancer patients and provide a non-invasive technique to serially image patients post radiotherapy and to investigate the effect of new interventions. Success of this study will stem from a unique collaboration of Radiation Oncologists, Medical Physicists, Imaging Scientists, and Cardiologists.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Assessing Acute Cardiac Inflammation After Left-Sided Breast Cancer Radiotherapy With Hybrid PET/MRI
Estimated Study Start Date : January 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Confirmed Left-Sided Breast Cancer
T1/T2 N0, T1/T2 N1, T3/T4 and/or N2/N3 Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients receiving standard radiation therapy will receive PET/MRI, ECG/EKG, and bloodwork before, within a month, and within a year post treatment.
Radiation: Confirmed Left-Sided Breast Cancer
Left-Sided Patients will receive standard radiation therapy, including 42.5 Gy in 16 fractions or 50 Gy in 25 fractions.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Detection of Imaging Biomarkers of acute cardiac inflammation [ Time Frame: one month ]
    18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET imaging to detect increase in cardiac inflammation compared to baseline with corresponding blood markers (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and troponin levels in blood (inflammation)).

  2. Detection of Imaging Biomarkers of late cardiac inflammation [ Time Frame: one year ]
    FDG-PET imaging to detect increase in cardiac inflammation compared to baseline with corresponding blood markers (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and troponin levels in blood (inflammation)).

  3. Detection of Imaging Biomarkers of acute cardiac perfusion changes [ Time Frame: one month ]
    N-13 Ammonia PET imaging to detect changes in acute cardiac perfusion changes compared to baseline.

  4. Detection of Imaging Biomarkers of late cardiac perfusion changes [ Time Frame: one year ]
    N-13 Ammonia PET imaging to detect changes in late cardiac perfusion changes

  5. Detection of cardiac fibrosis [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Gadolinium Enhanced MR imaging to detect cardiac fibrosis compared to baseline

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Ultimately, the sample size was based upon practical considerations and that 15 breast cancer patients could be accrued relatively easily from new patient clinics, while sufficiently providing enough evidence to validate the imaging techniques to be used as a non-invasive measure for future clinical trials aimed at reducing or mitigating radiation-induced cardiac toxicity.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 or older
  • Ability to provide informed consent
  • Histologically evidence of left-sided breast cancer where potentially curative treatment is planned
  • T1/T2 N0, T1/T2 N1, T3/T4 and/or N2/N3 according to Tumor-Node-Metastases (TNM) staging criteria
  • All patients to receive prescription dose according to current London Regional Cance Program (LRCP) standards
  • No prior RT to the thorax
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 within one month of accrual
  • Satisfactory pulmonary function as determined by the treating radiation oncologist
  • Expected lifespan at least 1 year
  • Negative pregnancy test within one month of accrual if woman is premenopausal

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No current or recurring atrial fibrillation
  • Previous coronary bypass surgery
  • Patients with severe reversible airways obstruction
  • Patients with acute coronary syndrome (STEMI/non-STEMI and unstable angina)
  • Atrioventricular block without pacemaker
  • Patients who are renal insufficient (eGFR <40)
  • Patients with asthma
  • Allergy to gadolinium for scans using contrast; will be eligible for non-contrast scans.
  • Other contraindications to gadolinium contrast media as determined by the research team.
  • Relative contraindications to PET (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, claustrophobia, inability to be still for 60 minutes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03748030

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Contact: Stewart Gaede, PhD 519-685-8500 ext 53144
Contact: Anne O'Connell 519-685-8500 ext 58623

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Canada, Ontario
Lawson Health Research Institute
London, Ontario, Canada, N6C 2R5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lawson Health Research Institute
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Principal Investigator: Stewart Gaede, PhD Lawson Health Research Institute
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Responsible Party: Lawson Health Research Institute Identifier: NCT03748030    
Other Study ID Numbers: 112991
First Posted: November 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 27, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Pathologic Processes