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Avelumab and Radiation in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03747419
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kent Mouw, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

This research study is studying the effects of adding a certain type of immunotherapy to standard bladder-directed radiation as a treatment for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder.

The drug in this study is: Avelumab (also known as BAVENCIO®)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bladder Cancer Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Drug: Avelumab Radiation: Radiation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved the use of avelumab and bladder-directed radiation together for this specific disease but avelumab has been approved for other uses.

While bladder-directed radiation is a standard treatment option for muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, the use of avelumab in combination with bladder radiation in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is investigational. Radiation is used in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and avelumab has been approved by the FDA in patients with more advanced stages of this disease. Avelumab is a form of immunotherapy, which means it is designed to help the immune system fight cancer cells together with standard cancer treatments like radiation. Avelumab is currently approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic Merckel cell carcinoma (mMCC) and platinum-refractory metastatic urothelial carcinoma.

The purpose of this study is to test whether the combination of immunotherapy and bladder directed radiation is effective in treating muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The study will also measure other outcomes such as participant's overall health and quality of life during and after treatment. In addition, the investigators will determine if certain biomarkers are correlated with outcomes following treatment with immunotherapy and radiation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Avelumab in Combination With Bladder-Directed Radiation in Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder
Actual Study Start Date : December 13, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2031

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Avelumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Avelumab and Bladder-Directed Radiation
  • Avelumab will be administered every 2 weeks intravenously for 6 doses unless there is unacceptable toxicity
  • Two radiation dose regimens are allowed, and the regimen selected is at the discretion of the treating radiation oncologist
Drug: Avelumab
Avelumab is a form of immunotherapy, which means it is designed to help the patient's immune system kill cancer cells.
Other Name: Bavencio

Radiation: Radiation
Cancer treatment that uses ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete clinical response rate [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Measured by the complete clinical response rate at 3 months following completion of radiation.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

  2. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

  3. Metastases-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

  4. Locoregional recurrence rate [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

  5. Quality of Life Outcomes [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Subjects must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in the study.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma of the bladder that is invasive into the muscularis propria (≥T2 disease) within 6 months of enrollment date. The presence of variant histologies (squamous, adenocarcinoma, micropapillary, etc.) is allowed. Note: A prior diagnosis of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (≤T1) managed with transurethral resection with or without intravesicular therapy (now with muscle invasion) is allowed.
  • Inability to receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy, as defined by creatinine clearance <60 ml/min, ECOG PS ≤2, grade 2 or higher hearing loss, NYHA class 3 or higher, neuropathy (grade 2 or higher), or patient refusal to receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy.

Additional Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects aged ≥18 years
  • ECOG performance status ≤2 or Karnofsky score ≥60% (see Appendix A)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 1 year
  • Demonstrate normal organ and marrow function
  • Estimated creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • Women of child-bearing age must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) beginning prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for at least 30 days after last avelumab treatment administration if the risk of conception exists
  • Ability to start study treatment (first cycle of Avelumab) within 1-8 weeks of the most recent pre-study TURBT.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior intravenous therapy for treatment of bladder cancer
  • Prior pelvic radiation
  • Any component of small cell histology in the bladder biopsy
  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment
  • Current use of immunosuppressive medication, EXCEPT for the following: a. intranasal, inhaled, topical steroid, or local steroid injection (e.g., intra-articular injection); b. Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses ≤ 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent; c. Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication) are allowed.
  • History of another malignancy within 5 years prior to randomization except for: non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (i.e., ≤T1), completely resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, completed resected carcinoma-in-situ of any site, or localized prostate cancer managed definitively with a non-radiation based approach.

Additional Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of lymph node involvement or metastatic disease on CT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. To be considered positive, a lymph node must measure >15 mm in short axis.
  • Clinically significant (i.e. active) cardiovascular disease: symptomatic congestive heart failure (≥ New York Heart Association Classification Class II), unstable angina pectoris, serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, or CVA/stroke/MI (< 6 months prior to enrollment)
  • Known prior severe hypersensitivity to investigational product or any component in its formulations, including known severe hypersensitivity reactions to monoclonal antibodies (NCI CTCAE v4.03 Grade ≥ 3)
  • Breast feeding women who are unwilling to stop breastfeeding during treatment and for at least one month after the duration of treatment
  • Patients with known history of testing positive for HIV or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immuno-stimulatory agent. Patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, or hypo- or hyperthyroid diseases not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible.
  • Active infection requiring intravenous antibiotic therapy
  • Vaccination within 4 weeks of the first dose of avelumab and while on trial is prohibited except for administration of inactivated vaccines
  • Major surgery within the last 30 days (with the exception of TURBT).
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection at screening (positive HBV surface antigen or HCV RNA if anti-HCV antibody screening test positive)
  • Prior organ transplantation including allogenic stem-cell transplantation
  • Patient is unwilling to stop (or wishes to start) taking herbal and natural remedies that may have immune-modulating effects during the study period
  • Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy (NCI CTCAE v. 4.03 Grade > 1); however, alopecia, sensory neuropathy Grade ≤ 2, or other Grade ≤ 2 not constituting a safety risk based on investigator's judgment are acceptable
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including immune colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, immune pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis or psychiatric conditions including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03747419

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Contact: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD 617-525-7382
Contact: Grace Pratt 617-582-8919

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United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD    617-525-7382   
Contact: Grace Pratt    617-582-8919   
Brigham and Women's Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD    617-525-7382   
Principal Investigator: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
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Principal Investigator: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD Brigham and Women's Hospital
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Responsible Party: Kent Mouw, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT03747419    
Other Study ID Numbers: 18-464
First Posted: November 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2023
Last Verified: May 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Kent Mouw, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Bladder Cancer
Bladder Carcinoma
Carcinoma of Bladder
Carcinoma of the Bladder
Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder
Radiation and Immunotherapy
No cisplatin
Cisplatin Ineligible
T2 Disease
T3 Disease
T4 Disease
squamous bladder cancer
adenocarcinoma bladder cancer
micropapillary bladder cancer
Inability to receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urogenital Diseases
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents