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Passive Sensing Technology for Lapse Measurement

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03739151
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2021
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Graham Thomas, The Miriam Hospital

Brief Summary:
Behavioral obesity treatment (BOT) produces clinically significant weight loss and health benefits for many individuals with overweight/obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Yet, about half of patients fall short of expected outcomes and most experience gradual weight regain, thus negating the benefits over time. Lapses (i.e., self-reported eating instances that deviate from the BOT prescribed diet) could explain poor outcomes, but the behavior is understudied because it is difficult to assess in-lab and via self-report. The investigators therefore propose to study lapses using a multimethod approach with the following tools: ecological momentary assessment (EMA; repeated sampling method via mobile device), a wrist-worn device that automatically detects eating behavior and various eating characteristics (frequency, rate, and duration of eating episodes), and 24-hour dietary recalls. The investigators will recruit participants (n=40) with overweight/obesity and one additional CVD risk factor to enroll in a 12-week BOT program and an additional 12-week period of weight loss maintenance. Participants will complete a biweekly 7-day EMA protocol to self-report on eating behavior, including the occurrence of dietary lapse. Participants will continuously wear the wrist-worn ActiGraph Link to characterize eating behavior. Lastly, participants will complete 24-hour dietary recalls via structured interview (split between days with and without lapses) at 6-week intervals to measure the composition of all food and beverages consumed. This study aims to 1) identifying characteristics of lapse behavior by measuring passively-sensed timing, duration, frequency, and rate of eating amongst known lapse episodes, 2) test the association between dietary lapse frequency and weight change, and 3) estimate nutrition composition of dietary lapses. The study approach is consistent with priorities of NHLBI to optimize clinical research and diagnostic strategies to improve CVD and related risk factors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Overweight and Obesity Behavioral: Behavioral Obesity Treatment Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Design and overview. This proposal adds continuous passive sensing and periodic dietary assessment to EMA to measure dietary lapses in adults with overweight/obesity and CVD risk (n=40) throughout a BOT program (12 weeks) and a period of weight loss maintenance (12 weeks). Participants will self-report via EMA on meals and snacks, indicting when dietary lapses occur. The ActiGraph Link, a wrist-worn device that can detect the motion of food being brought to the mouth, will be used to objectively detect eating characteristics. Because the composition of foods consumed during lapses is an important facet of lapse behavior that is not measured well via passive sensing or EMA, participants will complete periodic 24-hour dietary recalls via structured interview (split between days with and without lapses) to measure the composition of all food and beverages consumed. Data from the EMA, ActiGraph, and food recalls will be integrated to assess characteristics (i.e., frequency, rate, duration), estimated caloric content, and composition of dietary lapses compared to non-lapses. The study will advance the science of weight control by combining gold-standard and innovative methods to objectively measure dietary lapses and test their association with weight change in BOT.

Recruitment and Screening. Participants will be recruited on a rolling basis using advertisements in local newspapers, the study Center's website, and advertising resources available through the Miriam Hospital. The study will recruit over 12 months aiming for 4 participants per month. Interested individuals will be contacted via telephone to complete initial screening. The study procedures will be summarized, and an in-person appointment will be scheduled for additional screening and orientation. At the orientation meeting, a thorough overview of the study purpose and procedures will be provided and consent obtained. Consented individuals will be asked to complete all screening questions and measures to determine eligibility. Eligible participants will be contacted after this visit to begin treatment. Ineligible individuals will be notified accordingly and provided with referrals for BOT in the community.

The behavioral obesity treatment is described in further detail below.

Assessment schedule. Measures are described in further detail below. The primary outcome of interest, dietary lapse, will be measured on a biweekly basis throughout the 24-week study. Participants will continuously wear a wrist-watch device to passively detect eating episodes. Composition and quality of dietary intake will be measured every 6 weeks. Participants will have weight measured and wrist-watch data downloaded at each weekly appointment during the weight loss treatment phase. During the maintenance phase of treatment, participants will be asked to attend an additional appointment once per month separate from the monthly treatment visit, to initiate data downloading on the wrist-watch sensor and have weight measured.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: All participants in this study receive gold-standard behavioral obesity treatment on an individual basis.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Applying Novel Passive Sensing Technology to Target Adherence to Diet in Behavioral Obesity Treatment for Patients With Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Actual Study Start Date : October 24, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 15, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : September 15, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Behavioral Obesity Treatment
All participants will receive gold-standard behavioral obesity treatment
Behavioral: Behavioral Obesity Treatment

Self-monitoring. Participants will be taught to record their weight, the calories of each food item, and physical activity using a method of their choice (e.g., commercial smartphone app, paper diary). The clinician will review dietary intake and provide personalized feedback at the outset of session.

Diet. Per national guidelines for weight loss, a daily goal of 1200-1800 kcal/day will be prescribed depending on baseline weight. A Mediterranean diet will be prescribed to meet the recommended calorie goal and be consistent with dietary recommendations for CVD patients.

Exercise. Participants will be encouraged to achieve 250 minutes/week of moderate intensity activity in accordance with current national recommendations for physical activity among individuals attempting weight loss. Participants will be encouraged to gradually increase activity level to achieve approximately 50 minutes of activity over five days per week.

Other Name: Behavioral Weight Loss

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sensor-based Dietary Lapse [ Time Frame: 24-week frequency of sensor-based dietary lapse ]
    Participants will wear a wrist-worn 9-axis accelerometer during waking hours that measures wrist-roll motion, which can objectively assess dietary lapses.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Self-reported Dietary Lapse [ Time Frame: Participants will be asked to complete 7 days of EMA on a biweekly basis for 24 weeks. Therefore, participants will complete EMA at weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, and 23. ]
    Lapses will be assessed via ecological momentary assessment (EMA), a repeated sampling method using electronic forms on smartphone devices.

  2. Weight [ Time Frame: Weight will be measured at each study appointment (baseline assessment, weekly for 12 weeks, and twice monthly for the subsequent 12 weeks). ]
    Participants' body weight will be measured to the nearest 0.1 kg using a calibrated digital scale

  3. Dietary Composition [ Time Frame: Dietary composition will be assessed at baseline and at weeks 5, 11, 17, and 23 ]
    Dietary composition will be assessed using 24-hour food recall method. The Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR), a computer-based software application developed at the University of Minnesota Nutrition Coordinating Center (NCC) will facilitate the collection of recalls in a standardized fashion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Overweight or obesity (body mass index 25-45 kg/m2)
  • Interested and able to participate in in-person weight loss intervention
  • Physician-diagnosed one or more CVD risk factors (type 2 diabetes/prediabetes, hypercholesterolemia, or hypertension).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Report health problems that preclude weight loss or physical activity
  • Are currently pregnant or breastfeeding, or planning to be pregnant within the next 6 months,
  • Are currently or recently (< 6 months) enrolled in a commercial weight loss program
  • Have lost ≥ 5% of their initial body weight in the last 6 months
  • Currently taking weight loss medication
  • Have had a previous surgical procedure for weight loss
  • Have a history of a clinically diagnosed eating disorder excluding Binge Eating Disorder

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03739151

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United States, Rhode Island
The Miriam Hospital Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02909
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Miriam Hospital
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
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Study Chair: Graham Thomas, PhD The Miriam Hospital
Principal Investigator: Stephanie P Goldstein, PhD The Miriam Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by John Graham Thomas, The Miriam Hospital:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] August 6, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: John Graham Thomas, Associate Professor (Research), The Miriam Hospital Identifier: NCT03739151    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1F32HL143954-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 13, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 5, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: The raw data from the current project are too large to easily transfer to individual investigators. As such, the investigators plan to develop a cost-effective, safe plan for sharing de-identified participant data upon reasonable request by other researchers.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by John Graham Thomas, The Miriam Hospital:
overweight and obesity
eating behavior
nonadherence, patient
ecological momentary assessment
passive sensing
dietary assessment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight