Trophic Nutrition in Patients Submitted to High Flow Oxygen Therapy and / or Non Invasive Mechanical Ventilation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03728452|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Noninvasive Ventilation Trophic Nutrition||Procedure: Trophic Nutrition|
Ventilation and oxygenation of patients, even more in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), are in continuous development. The characteristics of patients, pathologies and diagnostic methods are constantly evolving. Among the main methods of ventilation and oxygenation that the investigators have are Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) with face mask and high-flow cannula (HFC).
NIMV has represented an alternative in patients with failure to extubate, as an option before proposing a new reintubation. The ventilation with high flow has supposed an advance in the oxygenation of patients in situation of respiratory insufficiency, avoiding the intubation, and also has been a resource that allows the disconnection of the mechanical ventilator, reducing with it the time of mechanical support of the ventilation, There is a great amount of bibliography and a broad consensus on this aspect. Among the side effects widely studied, include bronchoaspiration, gastric insufflation, aerophagia and sialorrhea, which are usually well controlled with medical treatment.
The high flow ventilation consists of increasing the gas mixture, by releasing high oxygen and air flows, approximately up to 60 l/min, in modifiable proportions, so that positive pressures are achieved in the airway, facilitating the entry of this gas in the lung under spontaneous ventilation, with better oxygenation figures than conventional oxygen therapy methods. This positive pressure increase could be a facilitator of digestive intolerance either by air swallowing and gastric distension, or by promoting incontinence of the esophageal sphincters and thereby facilitating regurgitation and bronchoaspiration of the gastric contents.
NIMV consists of a ventilatory support applied without placement of endotracheal or pharyngeal devices, achieving increased alveolar ventilation by applying positive pressures throughout the airway through an interface (acting on the pressure gradient of the airway, to maintain an adequate gas exchange, impossible to achieve with spontaneous physiological ventilation). This positive pressure increase, as in ventilation with HFC, could also be an element that promotes digestive intolerance.
Patients in respiratory failure have a high level of metabolic stress that leads to a hypercatabolic situation and can not feed themselves for days, thus increasing the risk of malnutrition or worsening pre-existing malnutrition. This situation, as well as the development of negative energy balances in the critically ill patient, is associated with several complications, thus increasing morbidity and mortality, hospital stay and costs. The nutritional risk that this situation determines is high, which is why artificial nutrition therapy is justified. This nutritional therapy in spontaneous ventilation is usually attempted to be supplemented by oral feeding, but in patients who require artificial supports to aid in ventilation and oxygenation, it is not so easy to receive and tolerate adequate levels of caloric and protein intake. Enteral nutrition through the gastric route is frequently the method chosen for artificial nutritional therapy in patients with nutritional risk. This is due the advantages that the maintenance of the digestive tract in functional state will determine in the health of the patient, since the lack of nutrients in the lumen of the intestine can trigger a loss of the anatomical and functional integrity of the intestinal epithelium, with a rupture of the intestinal barrier that can favor, through a pro-inflammatory immune response, the evolution towards the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||310 participants|
|Official Title:||Trophic Nutrition in Patients Submitted to High Flow Oxygen Therapy and / or Non Invasive|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 1, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 1, 2020|
- Procedure: Trophic Nutrition
According to previously published studies of Trophic Nutritions in critically ill patients, an energy goal of 20-30% estimated caloric needs of 20-30 kcal / kg and a protein intake of 1.2 to 2.0 g / kg / day of proteins will be established. at most 72 hours after the start of nutritional therapy.
The rhythm of initiation and increase of enteral contributions will be at the discretion of each participating ICU. Prokinetic or parenteral nutrition (PN) complementary will not be used routinely, leaving its indication at the discretion of the responsible physician.
A hyperproteic nutritional formula (10 g / 100 ml) will be used, with a caloric intake of 1.2 kcal / ml and a non-protein kcal / nitrogen ratio of 52: 1. TN will be administered over 23 hours each day by continuous infusion pump. The head of the patient's bed will rise above 30° as much as possible to reduce the risk of aspiration. The Gastric Residue Volume (GRV) will be measured every 24 hours.
- Mortality [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]Numbers of patients death at 90 days
- Adverse effects [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]Numbers of Regurgitation, Vomits, Distension of Bronchoaspiration
- Infections [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]numbers of all infections
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03728452
|Contact: Antonio Blesa Malpica||913303000 ext email@example.com|
|Fundacion para Investigación Biomedica Hospital Clinico San Carlos||Recruiting|
|Madrid, Spain, 28040|
|Contact: Ana Belen Rivas Paterna, PhD +34913303000 ext 7360 firstname.lastname@example.org|