Plasmodium and Other Parasites in Pregnant Women and Children Around Margibi and Montserrado Counties, Liberia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03719599|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 6, 2022
The disease malaria affects many people in Liberia and other parts of Africa. It is caused by germs that are spread by mosquito bites. It may be mild but can be serious or can lead to death if not diagnosed and treated. Children younger than 5 years old and pregnant women are most at risk of malaria. Worms also infect many people in Liberia. They can be caused by mosquito bites or by touching soil or still water. Worm infections can be mild or serious. Doctors in Liberia and their NIH partners want to learn more about these diseases in women and children.
To measure how much malaria and worm infections there are in pregnant women and children in two counties of Liberia.
Pregnant women ages 18 and older and children ages 6 12 months seeking routine care at C.H. Rennie Hospital or the Duport Road Health Center
Participants will be screened with questions about their health or their child s health.
Participants will be asked further questions about their health and about their home life.
Participants will give a small amount of blood by finger prick. This will be tested to see if they have malaria or some types of worms, and for research studies.
Participants who are sick from malaria will be treated at a study clinic. Treatment will follow standards of the Liberia and/or the World Health Organization.
|Condition or disease|
Malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum continues to be a global problem with devastating consequences, in particular for at-risk populations such as pregnant women and young infants. Pregnancy malaria is associated with low birth weight (LBW), maternal anemia, and gestational hypertension; both inflammation and the fetal response to infection may contribute to these poor outcomes. Placental malaria (PM) is caused by P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes that bind to the placental receptor chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and sequester in the placenta, where they cause disease and may lead to death of the mother and her offspring. Women become resistant to PM as they acquire antibodies that target surface proteins of placental parasites. In areas of stable transmission, acute severe malaria syndromes are limited to children under 5 years of age. The pathogenesis of severe malaria remains poorly understood, although some evidence suggests that parasites causing severe malaria may express distinct antigens on the surface of infected erythrocytes. Thus, vaccines to prevent malarial disease may need to target distinct antigens in order to protect pregnant women or young children.
The primary hypothesis in this study is that the burden of P. falciparum infection around Margibi and Montserrado is sufficient to support future studies of malaria pathogenesis and immunity. In addition to assessing malaria burden this study will build up diagnostic laboratory capacity for malaria diagnostics. We plan to enroll 2920 pregnant women and 2920 children (6-12 months of age) into a cross sectional study that will be conducted in Margibi and Montserrado counties, Liberia. Women presenting for routine antenatal visits and presenting for well-baby clinic visits (e.g. vaccinations, vitamins) at C.H. Rennie Hospital in Margibi or Duport Road Health Center in Montserrado will be enrolled. Samples collected from the women and children will be examined for evidence of infection by Plasmodium and other parasitic diseases in order to assess prevalence in this key reservoir population. For our primary outcome, we will determine the prevalence of P. falciparum infection in these two key demographic groups, including their annual and seasonal variations, as these data will form the basis to design future natural history or interventional studies at these sites. For our secondary outcomes, we will determine the prevalence of other parasitic diseases, such as filaria, S. stercoralis, and schistosomes by serologic assays of blood samples.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||1264 participants|
|Official Title:||Cross-Sectional Survey of Plasmodium and Other Parasites in Pregnant Women and Children Around Margibi and Montserrado Counties, Liberia|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 1, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 4, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 4, 2021|
Children 6 -12 months of age presenting for routine clinic visits
Pregnant Women 18 years and older presenting for routine clinic visits
- Measurement of the frequency of P. falciparum parasitemia as defined by rapid diagnostic tests and/or blood smears [ Time Frame: Seasonal and year of sample collection ]The frequency of P. falciparum parasitemia as defined by rapid diagnostic tests and/or blood smears
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03719599
|C.H. Rennie Hospital|
|Duport Road Health Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Patrick E Duffy, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|