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Improving Physical and Psychosocial Well-being of African American Older Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03716037
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : October 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mercy N. Mumba, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

Brief Summary:

The proposed research effort will:

The purpose of this study is as follows:

  1. Test the feasibility and acceptability of an eight-week community-based exercise program among AA older adults living in rural areas.
  2. Determine whether participation in physical exercise through a community-based exercise program in comparison with an attentional control group: a) improves physical well-being b) improves psychosocial well-being

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Physical Activity Psychosocial Stressors Other: Physical Activity for Life (PAL) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Among the aging population, African Americans (AA) experience depression and other chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease at a higher rate compared to non-minorities; moreover, those living in rural areas are less likely to seek treatment due to various factors including lack of accessibility, affordability, and acceptability of health care services. Fortunately, non-pharmacologic and cost-effective interventions such as physical activity can yield physical, psychosocial, and cognitive benefits for older adults. The purpose of the proposed research effort is to test the feasibility of, and effect of a community-based physical exercise program among community-dwelling older adults living in rural areas on the physical and psychosocial well-being. The research effort will be a randomized controlled trial. Fifty African American older adults will be recruited from community centers. A total of 50 participants will be recruited. These adults will be randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group, with each group containing 25 participants. The intervention will occur over a period of eight week. The exercise program will be offered three times a week, with each session lasting one hour. Study measures will be collected prior to the start of the exercise program, after the fourth session, after the last session, and at one-month follow-up. The primary outcome measures for the feasibility study will include enrollment rate, randomization rate, retention rate, and data completion rate. Additionally, the investigators will examine whether there is improvement I both physical and psychosocial measures. All statistical analyses will be conducted using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Improving Physical and Psychosocial Well-being of African American Older Adults Living in Rural Areas Through a Community-Based Exercise Program
Estimated Study Start Date : March 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Physical Activity
Physical Activity for Life (PAL) is an 8-week exercise program, meeting three times per week for one hour sessions.
Other: Physical Activity for Life (PAL)
The eight-week exercise program (The PAL Study) will incorporate balance, strength, endurance, and flexibility training. The duration of each exercise session, which will be offered three times a week, will be one hour. The supervised exercise session will include 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, 15 minutes of resistance training, and 15 minutes of stretching and balance training

No Intervention: Contact Control
those in the attentional contact control group will receive a phone call from research personnel three times per week asking them about their physical exercise routines.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of the community based exercise program as measured by enrollment rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    enrollment rate which is the number of participants who sign the informed consent form divided by the number who are approached should be ≥ 60%


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. physical activity as measured by Fitbit trackers [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Fitbit will track the daily steps

  2. psychosocial Well-being as measured by the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information Systems (PROMIS) Global Health Measure-10 [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Primary psychosocial variables of interest, that is depression and anxiety will be measured using the PROMIS Global Health Measure-10, a 10-item questionnaire that examines physical, mental, and social health. The questions focus on the previous seven days. This tool is scored on a 5-point Likert scale. Internal consistency of the subscales ranges from Cronbach's alpha = 0.8-0.92. Scores range from 10-50. Higher values indicate higher functioning for all scales- physical, mental or social scales.

  3. Satisfaction Outcome as measured by the Client satisfaction Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Satisfaction with the intervention program will be assessed with the 8-item Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8; Attkisson, 2012), with established reliability, internal consistency, and validity across racial/ethnic groups. Summary scores range from 8-32 with higher scores indicating greater satisfaction. Study-specific satisfaction items will be assessed also using a 4-pt Likert scale . Higher scores mean increased participant satisfaction.

  4. Physical Function as measured by the senior fitness test [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    all seven components of the senior fitness test will be examined. This is a validated tool for physical function in older adults.

  5. physical activity as measured by Fitbit trackers [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Fitbit will track number of minutes active every day.

  6. Feasibility of the community based exercise program as measured by randomization rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    randomization rate which is the number of participants randomized divided by the number of participants consented and screened which should be ≥ 60%

  7. Feasibility of the community based exercise program as measured by retention rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    retention rate which is the number of participants completing T2 divided by the number who were randomized should be ≥ 80%.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 100 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 65 years of age
  2. Identifying as AA
  3. community dwelling and living in a rural community.
  4. Sedentary life style (engaging in less than two hours of structured physical exercises whether independently or in a group setting every week)
  5. Identify as having altered psychosocial health by scoring at least a 10 on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), which is indicative of moderate depressive symptoms (Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001).

Exclusion Criteria:

1. cognitive impairment as defined by the St. Louis University Mental Status Exam


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03716037


Contacts
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Contact: Mercy N Mumba, PhD 682-521-0423 mnmumba@ua.edu
Contact: Rebecca S Allen, PhD +1 205 348 9891 rsallen@ua.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mercy N Mumba, PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham

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Responsible Party: Mercy N. Mumba, Assistant Professor, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03716037    
Other Study ID Numbers: 18-010-ME
First Posted: October 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mercy N. Mumba, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa:
physical activity
exercise
depression
anxiety
stress