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Trial of PCC Versus FFP in Patients Undergoing Heart Surgery (PROPHESY)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03715348
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2019
British Heart Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Queen Mary University of London

Brief Summary:

The PROPHESY trial is a single centre pilot trial investigating Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) or Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC) treatment for patients who are bleeding during cardiac surgery, and who are NOT receiving a vitamin K antagonist agent (e.g. warfarin).

This pilot study will investigate the feasibility of delivering the different components of the trial, so that investigators can determine if it's feasible to move to a future large trial that will aim to compare the efficacy and safety of FFP versus PCC in adult patients who are actively bleeding during cardiac surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bleeding Surgery Transfusion Drug: Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC) Biological: Fresh Frozen Plasma Phase 2

Detailed Description:

There are ~ 30,000 cardiac procedures performed each year in the United Kingdom (UK), and it is estimated that ~30% of these cases require plasma transfusion for management of bleeding during cardiovascular surgery. Bleeding after cardiac surgery that requires blood transfusion is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, resulting in substantial costs to the health service.

There have been no clinical trials that have compared the safety and efficacy of FFP versus PCC in cardiac surgery in patients who are bleeding, and who are not on vitamin K antagonists. In the UK, FFP transfusion is the standard treatment for management of bleeding: however, the use of PCC in this setting is rising, with several observational studies now demonstrating that it is safe, and that its administration is associated with reduced blood transfusion requirements, albeit no difference in other outcomes. Potential advantages of PCC over FFP are: increased concentration of clotting factors leading to faster improvement of reversing coagulopathy; improved ease and speed of administration; reduced fluid volume; and reduced incidence of immune modulatory side effects.

While observational studies have suggested that PCC can be safely administered in bleeding patients undergoing cardiac surgery, the clinical equipoise and, the lack of high quality evidence means that a randomised control trial is required to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of both in bleeding patients undergoing cardiac surgery not relating to warfarin. Prior to such a trial, the investigators will perform a single-centre pilot study to assess if individual components of a large trial are deliverable.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Pragmatic pilot, open label, phase II randomised controlled trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Pragmatic Pilot Randomised Phase II Controlled Trial of Prothrombin Complex Concentrates (PCC) Versus Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) in Adult Patients Who Are Undergoing Heart Surgery
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP)

Patients randomised to the comparator arm will receive Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP)

FFP will be provide as a solution for intravenous administration, once thawed.

The dose of the FFP will be ~ 15 mL/kg.

Subjects may receive multiple doses of FFP as required if bleeding continues, as per usual care

Biological: Fresh Frozen Plasma
Fresh Frozen Plasma a blood component manufactured from whole blood collection.

Experimental: Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC)

Patients randomised to the experimental arm will receive PCC at ~15 IU/kg. PCC will be reconstituted into a solution for intravenous administration.

Subjects will receive a single dose of PCC, and if bleeding continues, standard treatment will be administered

Drug: Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (PCC)
PCC is a blood product produced through pooling of thousands of human plasmas, which is then treated to inactivate enveloped viruses. From the pooled plasma, vitamin K dependent clotting factors (factors II, VII, IX and X, and protein C and protein S), are selected to produce the concentrated form called PCC.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recruitment rate [ Time Frame: Within 24 hours of surgery ]
    Proportion of eligible patients who consent to the study Proportion of patients who have consented and who bleed within 24 hours and who require FFP transfusion.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Delivery of different components of the trial to see if a larger trial is feasible [ Time Frame: Collected at 90 days or death, whichever occurs first ]
    The data collected from different trial componenets, such as study drugs administration, study procedure adherence and analysis of clinical outcome data will be combined and assessed to see whether it is feasible to successfully run this pilot as a larger, multi-centre trial

  2. To compare the impact of FFP and PCC on the haemostatic capacity of bleeding patients after cardiac surgery [ Time Frame: Within 24 hours of surgery ]
    Routine clotting tests and additional clotting tests will be performed to measure clotting factor levels, markers for clotting and anticoagulant activity in patients receiving FFP compare to PCC

  3. Qualitative research involving completion of a Delphi survey to apprise the management and conduct of a larger trial [ Time Frame: Completed over a 4 month period during the study follow-up stage ]
    Using the Delphi survey, information will be obtained from patient and public involvement (PPI) and healthcare professionals on the design/running of the larger trial, in order to understand how best to optimise identification and recruitment of participants, and to improve adherence to the trial procedures and protocol.

  4. Qualitative research involving interviews of patients and healthcare professionals involved in PROPHESY to apprise the management and conduct of a larger trial [ Time Frame: By the 90 days end of study visit ]
    Interviews will be conducted with 6 study subjects and 8 healthcare professionals involved in the PROPHESY trial to inform on the key aspects for the successful conduct and mangement of a larger trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years
  • Able to give consent
  • Any cardiovascular surgeries excluding procedures under exclusion criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to consent
  • Patients refusing blood transfusion for any reason
  • First time isolated coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG)
  • First time isolated aortic valve replacement (excluding active endocarditis)
  • Thoraco-abdominal surgeries
  • Minor surgeries that do not involve cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Use of warfarin within four days
  • Use of direct oral anticoagulants (i.e. dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban or edoxaban) within 48 hrs (or 72 hours if patient has renal impairment - i.e. estimated glomerular filtration rate of <30ml/min)
  • Inherited bleeding disorder (i.e. any inherited clotting factor deficiencies, or platelet disorders)
  • Pregnancy
  • Known or suspected allergy to FFP or PCC
  • Known or suspected allergy to heparin, Sodium citrate dihydrate, sodium dihydrogenphosphate dihydrate and Glycine
  • History of Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
  • Individuals who have Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency with known antibodies against IgA
  • Documented venous thromboembolism in the last three months
  • Documented antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Severe protein S deficiency
  • Participation in another clinical trial, where the patient has received Investigational Medicinal Product in the last 3 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03715348

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Contact: Vivienne Monk 0207 882 5668
Contact: Jane Field 02078823416

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United Kingdom
St Bartholomew's Hospital Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, EC1A 7BE
Contact: Laura Green   
Contact: Neil Roberts   
Principal Investigator: Laura Green         
Sub-Investigator: Neil Roberts         
Sub-Investigator: Ben O'Brien         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Queen Mary University of London
British Heart Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Laura Green, MBBS MsC MD(Res) MRCP FRCPath Queen Mary University of London

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Responsible Party: Queen Mary University of London Identifier: NCT03715348     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 012507
2018-003041-41 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 14, 2019
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description:

Study results will be published in peer review journals and presented at national/international scientific meetings.

The sponsor retains the right to review all publications prior to submission. Responsibility for ensuring accuracy of any publication from this study is delegated to the Chief Investigator.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Queen Mary University of London:
fresh frozen plasma
prothrombin complex concentrate
cardiac surgery
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pathologic Processes