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Effect of the Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion Program (MBHP) in the Elderly: a RCT

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03706807
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcelo Demarzo, MD, PhD, Centro Mente Aberta de Mindfulness

Brief Summary:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that by 2025 the number of older people in Brazil will be approximately 33.4 million and it will be the sixth population in absolute numbers of the elderly in the world. The aging process is often associated with natural health debilitation, impairment of cognitive abilities, depression, loneliness and decreased daily life activity. Therefore, by increasing the number of older people also increase the needs and demands of health systems to serve this population. Government programs and projects that promote health and quality of life for this group must be developed and researched, so that the population aging happens in a satisfactory way and with physical and mental health. Several researches have been done on interventions that prevent the symptoms of memory impairment in elderly and on delaying symptoms of Mild Cognitive Impairment. Studies indicate that Mindfulness-Based Interventions (IBMs) are effective in the treatment of depression, anxiety, stress, chronic pain and in promoting well-being to young people and adults, yet the field of study of these interventions with the elderly is still a field to be explored and deepened. This project will focus on the discussion about the effectiveness of the Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion Program (MBHP) in the cognitive functions and quality of life of the elderly, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis. It will be used neuropsychological test and scales to assess the level of consciousness in the present moment, acceptance, self-compassion, quality of life and daily life activity, as well as a qualitative analysis through a structured script using the word evocation method and interviews through focus group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Quality of Life Cognitive Impairment Psychological Other: Mindfulness-Based Intervention Other: Cognitive Stimulation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The MBHP-elderly study is a randomized and controlled trial of older people with 3 assessment point (baseline, post-intervention and six-months follow up) made with a cohort study whose participants will be older adults patients assisted in Primary Health Care of the Center for Aging Studies of the Federal University of São Paulo.

152 Participants will be recruited from the cohort and then randomized into the following groups: (I) MBHP intervention group (76 participants) in which the elderly will have a weekly meeting of an hour and thirty minutes for eight weeks to perform the mindfulness-based interventions accompanied by plus four one-hour meetings through a maintenance group after conclusion of the program, totaling 16 hours; (II) TAU control group (76 participants) of elderly who will take a cognitive simulation through computers for four months, a week meeting, totaling 16 hours. In both groups will be applied the same assessment for data collection and they will be applied in the baseline, post-intervention and six-month follow up. The steps of the study will be conducted based on Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines to report clinical studies in a clear, transparent and comprehensive manner. The protocol is reported according to the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Intervention Trials (SPIRIT) statement.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 172 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Effect of the Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion Program - MBHP on Quality of Life and Maintenance of Cognitive Function in the Elderly: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : September 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 20, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 20, 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mindfulness-Based Intervention
This group will be included in the eight-week mindfulness program following the Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion (MBHP) protocol. The group will have a weekly meeting of an hour and thirty minutes for eight weeks to perform the mindfulness-based interventions accompanied by plus four one-hour meetings through a maintenance group after conclusion of the program, totaling 16 hours. The training will be lead by a certified instructor and he will introduce practices such as "mindfulness in breathing", "body scan", "mindful walking", "mindful movements" and "3-minutes of mindfulness" and the concepts of "first and second suffering" and the "Hi-Thanks-Bye".
Other: Mindfulness-Based Intervention
This intervention is a meditative practice which the individuals will practive in their daily life following the MBHP protocol

Active Comparator: Cognitive Stimulation
The basic workshop is considered a cognitive stimulation and the participants will receive an hour and thirty minutes class once a week during four months. The abilities learned at the workshop will be basic computer functions from development of the psychomotricity involving the use of mouse, keyboard, MS paint, photo gallery and PowerPoint presentations to surf on the internet, learn how to play online games and use social networks. The activities of the workshop are elaborated according to the development of each class and is participants.
Other: Cognitive Stimulation
A basic computer workshop in order to develop the psychomotricity involving the use of mouse, keyboard, MS paint, photo gallery and PowerPoint presentations to surf on the internet, learn how to play online games and use social networks

No Intervention: Naïve
It's a waiting list group which will receive no intervention.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    It was developed by the World Health Organization, the instrument is a short version of WHOQOL-100 and it comprises 26 items in which two are general about quality of life and the other 24 grouped into four domains related to quality of life and general health: physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environment. It presents Likert scale answer (1 to 5 points) and it is evaluated the mean of each subscale

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    It assess the cognitive function. It is a 12-items test that measure eight cognitive domains: short-term memory (delayed drawing); visuospatial abilities (cube drawing, clock drawing); executive function (trail-making test; phonemic verbal fluency; verbal abstraction); attention, concentration, working memory; language; orientation to time. The test total score is 30 points where a score greater than or equal to 26 indicates normality and less than 25 points indicates Mild Cognitive Impairment.

  2. Self-Compassion Scale [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    To measure the level of self-compassion of the individual. The Self-Compassion Scale consists of 26 items divided into 6 subscales for self-kindness; self-judgment; mindfulness; common humanity; and isolation. The answers are given in 5 points of the Likert scale which (1) is almost never and (5) is almost always.

  3. Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    it comprises 14 items that aim to identify through self-assessment the individual's perception of the frequency that the one experiences behaviors related to mindfulness (awareness to the present moment). The answers are marked on a Likert scale of 4 frequency levels: (1) Rarely; (2) Occasionally; (3) Fairly often; (4) Almost always. The total score ranges from 14 to 56 points and the higher the score the greater the mindfulness perception of the individual.

  4. Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale - Short Form (DASS-21) [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    In order to assess psychological health we will use the DASS-21. It is a 21-item scale that measure and divide the symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress, in which participants indicate the degree to which they experienced these symptoms in the previous week on 7 items in each subscale: depression, anxiety and stress. It is a Likert-scale of 4 points between 0 to 3. The highest score in each subscale refer to more negative affective states.

  5. Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: 51 Months ]
    it is an instrument that evaluates the sleep quality of individual's the last month. It comprises 19 questions in self-report and 5 questions answered by some third party in which it will be made by phone call to a caregiver, relative or spouse. The components of the PSQI are C1 subjective sleep quality; C2 sleep latency; C3 sleep duration; C4 habitual sleep efficiency, C5 sleep disturbance, C6 Use of sleeping medication; C7 daytime dysfunction. Categorized as seven components in scores from zero (no difficulty) to three (severe difficulty). The sum of the results can range from zero to twenty-one scores, where the higher the number the worse quality of sleep.

  6. The Duke University Religion Index [ Time Frame: 51 months ]
    It is a 5-item scale that measure three major dimensions of religiousness: (1) organizational, the frequency of attending public religious activities and group-related; (2) nonorganizational, which involves religious activities performed in private, such as prayer, scripture study, watching religious TV or listening to religious radio; (3) Intrinsic religiosity, assessing the degree of personal religious commitment or motivations.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 89 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • men and women aged 60 or over;
  • be classified as cognitively normal or with mild cognitive impairment;
  • know how to read and write.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • practice contemplative practices such as yoga, reiki, tai-chi-chuan, vipassana, zen-buddhism, mindfulness and any other type of meditative practice in the last 6 months (with formal practice at least once / week);
  • individuals with acute phase of depression;
  • those with severe hearing or vision impairment;
  • clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia or any other psychotic disorders;
  • currently taking drugs that affect cognitive functions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03706807

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Contact: Marcelo MP Demarzo, PhD +5511533854350
Contact: Marcelo V Mapurunga +55991464787

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Centro Mente Aberta de Mindfulness e Promoção de Saúde Recruiting
São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Contact: Marcelo V Mapurunga    +5585991464787   
Contact: Daniela R Oliveira, PhD    +5511999287619   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centro Mente Aberta de Mindfulness
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Principal Investigator: Marcelo MP Demarzo, PhD Federal University of São Paulo
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Responsible Party: Marcelo Demarzo, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Centro Mente Aberta de Mindfulness Identifier: NCT03706807    
Other Study ID Numbers: 89700318.0.0000.5505
First Posted: October 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Marcelo Demarzo, MD, PhD, Centro Mente Aberta de Mindfulness:
Older people
Quality of Life
Cognitive Function