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Boost Brittle Bones Before Birth (BOOSTB4)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03706482
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Karolinska University Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
University College, London
Universitätsklinikum Köln
UMC Utrecht
Leiden University Medical Center
Lund University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cecilia Götherström, Karolinska Institutet

Brief Summary:
An exploratory, open label, multiple dose, multicentre phase I/II trial evaluating safety and efficacy of postnatal or prenatal and postnatal administration of allogeneic expanded fetal mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of severe Osteogenesis Imperfecta compared with a combination of historical and untreated prospective controls.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteogenesis Imperfecta Biological: BOOST cells Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 210 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exploratory, Open Label, Multiple Dose, Multicentre Phase I/II Trial Evaluating Safety and Efficacy of Postnatal or Prenatal and Postnatal Intravenous Administration of Allogeneic Expanded Fetal Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Severe Osteogenesis Imperfecta Compared With a Combination of Historical and Untreated Prospective Controls
Actual Study Start Date : August 12, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 12, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 12, 2033


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Postnatal
Administration of four postnatal doses of BOOST cells with the first dose as soon as possible after birth and the three additional doses at +4, +8 and +12 months after the first dose. Each dose is 3x10^6 MSC/kg body weight.
Biological: BOOST cells
Four doses of expanded human 1st trimester fetal liver-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Experimental: Prenatal
Administration of one prenatal dose of BOOST cells followed by three postnatal doses at +4, +8 and +12 months after the first dose. Each dose is 3x10^6 MSC/kg body weight.
Biological: BOOST cells
Four doses of expanded human 1st trimester fetal liver-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

No Intervention: Prospective control (untreated)
Subjects eligible for the trial but not willing/able to participate in any of the experimental arms.
No Intervention: Historic control
Matched historical controls. Subjects will be identified in historical registries and data will be retrieved from national OI registers and the OI Variant Database (Dalgleish 2018).



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability measured as seriousness, severity and frequency of treatment related adverse events. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]

    The primary endpoint is safety and tolerability measured as seriousness, severity and frequency of treatment related adverse events (AEs), with specific focus on the following:

    1. Vital signs in conjunction with the MSC administration
    2. Transfusion reactions (administration toxicity, allergy, embolism)
    3. Immune reaction with or without symptoms of inflammation, potentially resulting in rejection of the cells or development of donor-specific antibodies:

      • Allergy or Hypersensitivity responses to antibiotics or antimycotics
      • Development of Fetal Bovine Serum-specific antibodies
      • Hypersensitivity responses to Human Serum Albumin
      • Hypersensitivity to impurities in the IMP
    4. Prenatal complications (miscarriage/intrauterine fetal death, premature birth, infection in utero or persistent [>1 min] fetal bradycardia) in the prenatal group
    5. Adverse effects of feto-maternal transmission of donor cells in the prenatal group
    6. Tumourigenicity
    7. Mortality/morbidity


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of fractures. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and therafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Number of fractures.

  2. Time (days) to first fracture after each stem cell administration. [ Time Frame: From each dose of stem cells to the time point of the first fracture. Assessed up to 10 years after the first stem cell dose. ]
    Time (days) to first fracture after each stem cell administration.

  3. Numbers of fractures at birth. [ Time Frame: Evaluated at birth. ]
    Numbers of fractures at birth.

  4. Change in bone-marrow density (g/cm2). [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Change in bone-marrow density (g/cm2).

  5. Growth (cm). [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Growth (cm) as assessed by clinician.

  6. Growth (kg). [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Growth (kg) as assessed by clinician.

  7. Change in clinical status of OI. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Change in clinical status of OI based on parameters defined under efficacy assessments described in protocol, as assessed by OI clinician.

  8. Assessment of biochemical bone turnover by analysis of the markers P-Calcium, P-Phosphate, P-Albumin, S-ALP, fP-PTH, S-25-OH Vitamin D, Bone specific S-ALP, S-CTx, S-Osteocalcin and U-DPD/Krea and U-NTx/Krea in blood and urine samples. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Assessment of biochemical bone turnover.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Impact on the subjects Quality of Life: Infant Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire™ (ITQOL) [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Quality of life assessed using the Infant Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire™ (ITQOL).

  2. Incidence of donor cells engrafted into patient tissue samples assessed by histology. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Donor cell engraftment.

  3. Analysis of an array of cytokines and micro vesicles to evaluate paracrine effects. [ Time Frame: From baseline to the primary follow-up (6 and 12 months after the last dose) and thereafter assessed annually to the end of the long-time follow-up (10 years after the first dose). ]
    Paracrine effects will be analysed from plasma isolated from peripheral blood.

  4. Assess the potential of non-invasive methods of prenatal diagnosis for OI by genetic analysis of parent DNA. [ Time Frame: From baseline to birth for prenatal group. ]
    Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis will be studied during the trial.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 12 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria Postnatal Group:

  1. Parent's/legal guardian's signed informed-consent form
  2. Clinical diagnosis of OI type III or IV AND
  3. Molecular diagnosis of OI (Glycine substitution in the collagen triple-helix encoding region of either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene)
  4. Age less than 12 months (calculated from gestational week 40+0, i.e. the corrected age)
  5. Parent/legal guardian over 18 years of age

Inclusion Criteria Prenatal Group:

  1. Woman has signed the informed-consent form
  2. Only women where termination of the pregnancy is no longer possible or where the women are committed to continue the pregnancy may be included in the trial
  3. Suspicion of OI type III or IV in the fetus on ultrasound findings AND
  4. Molecular diagnosis of OI in the fetus (Glycine substitution in the collagen triple-helix encoding region of either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene)
  5. Gestation age between 16+0 and 35+6 weeks+days
  6. Pregnant woman over 18 years of age

Inclusion Criteria Historical Control Group:

  1. Parent's/legal guardian's signed informed-consent form
  2. Clinical and molecular diagnosis of OI (Glycine substitution in the collagen triple-helix encoding region of either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene)
  3. Data on fractures and growth is available
  4. Parent/legal guardian over 18 years of age

Inclusion Criteria Prospective Untreated Control Group:

  • Postnatal inclusion: The inclusion criteria for the postnatal group apply.
  • Prenatal inclusion: The inclusion criteria for the prenatal group apply, except inclusion criteria 2.

Exclusion Criteria Postnatal Group:

  1. Existence of other known disorder that might interfere with the treatment, such as, but not limited to organ dysfunction (for example liver or renal failure or bronchopulmonary dysplasia), congenital heart defect, hypoxic encephalopathy l-lll, severe neurological problems, immune deficiencies, muscle diseases, severe malformations or syndromes diagnosed by clinical examination.
  2. Any contraindication for invasive procedures such as a moderate/severe bleeding tendency
  3. Known risk factors for clotting, such as, but not limited to previous blood clot, family history of clots, clotting disorder (inherited or acquired), heart failure, inflammatory disorders (for example lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease)
  4. Positive Donor Specific Antibody-test
  5. Known allergy/hypersensitivity to Fungizone and/or Gensumycin
  6. Abnormal karyotype or other confirmed genetic syndromes
  7. Oncologic disease (previous or current malignancy)
  8. Inability to comply with the trial protocol and follow-up schedule
  9. Inability to understand the information and to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria Prenatal Group:

  1. Multiple pregnancy
  2. Co-existence of other disorder that might interfere with the treatment, as judged by the Investigator or the patient's obstetrician
  3. Abnormal fetal karyotype or other confirmed genetic syndrome
  4. Any contraindication for invasive procedures such as a bleeding tendency or contagious infections, such as, but not limited to HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C or other known infectious diseases that can harm the fetus
  5. Known risk factors for clotting, such as, but not limited to previous blood clot, family history of clots, clotting disorder (inherited or acquired), heart failure, inflammatory disorders (for example lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease)
  6. Positive Donor Specific Antibody-test
  7. Known allergy/hypersensitivity to Fungizone and/or Gensumycin
  8. Oncologic disease in woman or fetus (previous or current malignancy)
  9. Unwilling to or cannot undergo delivery by elective Caesarean section
  10. Inability to comply with the trial protocol and follow-up schedule
  11. Inability to understand the information and to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria Historical Control Group:

  1. Existence of other disorder that might interfere with the trial
  2. Abnormal karyotype

Exclusion Criteria Prospective Untreated Control Group:

  • Postnatal inclusion: The exclusion criteria, except exclusion criterium 2, 3, 4 and 5 for the postnatal group apply.
  • Prenatal inclusion: The exclusion criteria, except exclusion criterium 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7 for the prenatal group apply.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03706482


Contacts
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Contact: Cecilia Götherström, PhD +46 70 471 23 00 Cecilia.Gotherstrom@ki.se
Contact: Lilian Walther Jallow, PhD +46 70 415 16 07 lilian.walther.jallow@ki.se

Locations
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Sweden
Karolinska University Hospital Recruiting
Stockholm, Sweden, 171 76
Contact: Cecilia Götherström, PhD    +46 70 471 2300    cecilia.gotherstrom@ki.se   
Contact: Lilian Walther-Jallow, PhD       lilian.walther.jallow@ki.se   
Principal Investigator: Eva Åström, MD PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Mikael Sundin, MD PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Magnus Westgren, MD PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cecilia Götherström
Karolinska University Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
University College, London
Universitätsklinikum Köln
UMC Utrecht
Leiden University Medical Center
Lund University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Eva Åström, MD PhD Karolinska University Hospital

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Responsible Party: Cecilia Götherström, Sponsor's representative, Karolinska Institutet
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03706482     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KIBB01
First Posted: October 16, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 14, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Osteochondrodysplasias
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Collagen Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases