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Concurrent Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Plus Durvalumab (MEDI4736) in Resectable Stage II/IIIa NSCLC

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03694236
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : October 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 3, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yonsei University

Brief Summary:
Combination treatment of Durvalumab with chemoradiotherapy is ongoing for head/neck cancer, renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and non-small cell lung cancer (NCT02318771) and pancreatic cancer (NCT02305186).Combining Durvalumab with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is a promising strategy to improve clinical outcome in stage III lung cancer. Using serial biopsied and surgically resected fresh tissue through the novel/high-throughput RNA sequencing technologies, we want to identify the change immune signature in tumor microenvironment of NSCLC patients after Durvalumab treatment. With hypothesis that PD-1 inhibitor as a component of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery could increase complete pathologic response rate and disease free survival, and overall survival, we suggest adding Durvalumab to neoadjuvant chemoradiation in stage II/III resectable NSCLC. And with immune marker study using FACS, whole exome sequencing, or RNAsequencing, we can find the potential predictive biomarker for anti-PD-L1 blockade. And in this study, we can get "whole" surgical specimen not biopsy sample after Durvalumab treatment so the analysis for immune marker, tumor microenvironment, and various tumor infiltrating immune cells and their changes will be available.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Potentially Resectable Stage II/IIIa NSCLC Drug: durvalumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 39 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Concurrent Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy Plus Durvalumab (MEDI4736) in Resectable Stage II/IIIa NSCLC
Estimated Study Start Date : October 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Durvalumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: durvalumab
This study is single arm phase II study to evaluate efficacy and safety of durvalumab and chemoradiotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin) in treatment-naïve clinical stage II/IIIa NSCLC.
Drug: durvalumab

Neo-adjuvant chemoradiation period The treatment consisted of paclitaxel, carboplatin, duvalumab and radiation. The radiation treatment comprises 45Gy (total 25Fr) and that will be about 5 weeks. Intensity modulated RT (IMRT) or 3D CRT (three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy) will be allowed.

Surgery Chest CT and/or PET CT with appropriate other diagnostic method (ex. Bronchoscopy) will be performed before surgery and type of surgery Follow-up period There is every 4 month visit with chest CT and abdominal CT is done at 1,2,5 post-op year. Other diagnostic method can be performed if indicated.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. pathologic complete response (pCR) rate [ Time Frame: for 6 weeks ]
    To evaluate pathologic complete response (pCR) rate


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: from date of randomization until the date of first documented progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
  2. DFS (disease free survival) [ Time Frame: from date of randomization until the date of first documented progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
  3. OS (overall survival) [ Time Frame: from date of randomization until the date of first documented progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
  4. clinical and pathologic down staging rate [ Time Frame: from date of randomization until the date of first documented progression, assessed up to 5 years ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

For inclusion in the study subjects must fulfill all of the following criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed NSCLC
  2. Clinical stage III (including N2 stage and potential candidate for resection)
  3. Written informed consent and any locally-required authorization (IRB) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations
  4. Age > 20 years at time of study entry
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  6. Adequate normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Haemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500μL
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000μL
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). <This will not apply to subjects with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician.>>
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤ 5x ULN
    • Serum creatinine CL>40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance:

      • Males:

Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

--Females: Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL) 6. Life expectancy of 6 months 8. Female subjects must either be of non-reproductive potential (ie, post-menopausal by history: ≥50 years old and no menses for 1 year without an alternative medical cause; OR history of hysterectomy, OR history of bilateral tubal ligation, OR history of bilateral oophorectomy) or must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry.

9. Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

  1. Patients with metastatic lesions or clinical N3 lymph nodes
  2. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 60 months
  3. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site) Previous enrollment in the present study
  4. Any previous treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery) to current disease - NSCLC
  5. Any previous treatment with a PD1 or PD-L1 inhibitor, including durvalumab
  6. History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
  7. Brain metastases or spinal cord compression. Subjects with suspected brain metastases at screening should have an MRI (preferred) or CT each preferably with IV contrast of the brain prior to study entry
  8. Receipt of the last dose of anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal antibodies, other investigational agent) ≤ 36months prior to the first dose of study drug
  9. Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) ≥470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) using Frediricia's Correction
  10. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid
  11. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14days (use 28 days if combining durvalumab with a novel agent) before the first dose of durvalumab, with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (eg, intra articular injection)
    • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
    • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (eg, chemotherapy, CT scan premedication)
  12. Any concurrent chemotherapy, IP, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (eg, hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
  13. History of allogeneic organ transplant
  14. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [eg, colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Subjects with vitiligo or alopecia
    • Subjects with hypothyroidism (eg, following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    • Subjects without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
    • Subjects with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
  15. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  16. History of another primary malignancy except for Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥5 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence

    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated thyroid cancer (except. Anaplastic thyroid cancer)
  17. History of primary immunodeficiency
  18. Active pulmonary tuberculosis (Patients with old tuberculosis can be enrolled) Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent
  19. Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving durvalumab
  20. 21. Female subjects who are pregnant, breast-feeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control
  21. History of hypersensitivity to the combination or comparator agent
  22. Past medical history of ILD, drug-induced ILD, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease.
  23. Inability to comply with protocol or study procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03694236


Contacts
Contact: Byoung Chul Cho, MD 82 2 2228 088 cbc1971@yuhs.ac

Locations
Korea, Republic of
Severance Hospital Not yet recruiting
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 03722
Contact: Byoung Chul Cho, MD    82 2 2228 0880    cbc1971@yuhs.ac   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yonsei University

Responsible Party: Yonsei University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03694236     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4-2018-0353
First Posted: October 3, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 3, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Yonsei University:
NSCLC
Durvalumab
medi4736

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs