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Feasibility of Virtual Reality in Children With Neuromuscular Disease, Effectiveness of Virtual Reality and Biofeedback

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03689660
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merve Kurt, Dokuz Eylul University

Brief Summary:
Our study is a randomized controlled study and the subjects included in the study will be divided into three groups as virtual reality training, biofeedback training, and conventional rehabilitation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuromuscular Disease Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Spinal Muscular Atrophy Virtual Reality Biofeedback Other: Virtual Reality Training Other: Biofeedback Training Other: Conventional rehabilitation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

We have 3 purposes:

  1. Determine the feasibility of virtual reality training in children with neuromuscular disease.
  2. To determine the effect of virtual reality, biofeedback training, and conventional rehabilitation on functional levels and balances of children with neuromuscular disease.
  3. To compare the motivation of children with neuromuscular disease to virtual reality, biofeedback training, and conventional rehabilitation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Nope
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Feasibility of Virtual Reality in Children With Neuromuscular Disease and the Effectiveness of Virtual Reality and Biofeedback Training on Functional Levels of Children With Neuromuscular Disease
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 1, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Virtual Reality Training
Virtual reality treatment will be applied during the 12 weeks. The training will consist of three sessions per week and 30 minutes per session.
Other: Virtual Reality Training
Participants will be given a game-based workout program that includes balance and weight transfers using the XBOX Kinect ™ device in a low-to-medium intensity for 3 weeks, 3 days a week, 30 minutes per day.

Experimental: Biofeedback Training
Biofeedback training will be applied during the 12 weeks. The training will consist of three sessions per week and 30 minutes per session.
Other: Biofeedback Training
biofeedback training will be applied to participants in 10-minute sessions with 10 seconds of voluntary contraction and 15 seconds of rest at each session. Training will last 12 weeks.

Conventional Rehabilitation
Participants will continue this rehabilitation program if they are already getting rehabilitation in a rehabilitation center. If they do not participate in any rehabilitation program, they will be included in the conventional rehabilitation program by us.
Other: Conventional rehabilitation
Participants will receive a 12-week conventional rehabilitation program.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Motor Function Measure-32 [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ]
    MFM-32 is a scale developed to evaluate motor functions of children and adults with neuromuscular disease. The scale can be used to evaluate both in children with and without walking problems.The MFM-32 consists of 32 items. Each item is answered with a 4-point likert scale (0 = cannot initiate the exercise or maintain its starting position, 1 = partially completes the exercise, 2 = completes exercises with compensations, slowly or roughly, 3 = completes the exercise in the standard pattern). The scale can be used for the evaluation of individuals aged between 6 and 60 years.

  2. Pediatric Functional Independence Measure [ Time Frame: 5 minutes ]
    WeeFIM consists of 18 items divided into 6 sub-scales (self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication, social communication). Each item is scored from 1 to 7. A higher score indicates a better functional level.

  3. Balance Master System [ Time Frame: 20 minutes ]
    The static and dynamic balance evaluated using the Balance Master System ver. 8.1. (NeuroCom International Inc. Clackamas, OR, USA) force platform system which has multiple testing protocols designed to examine balance. The system includes a computer linked force plate that records data with the aid of crystal transducers.

  4. Vignos Scale [ Time Frame: 2 Minutes ]
    The Vignos Scale has been developed to evaluate the lower extremity functions. The scale allows the lower extremity functions to be scored between 1 (can walk and climb stairs without help) and -10 (bed dependent).

  5. Feasibility of Virtual Reality [ Time Frame: 1 Minutes ]
    The feasibility of virtual reality will be examined by laboratory tests. Laboratory tests to be carried out are as follows: Creatine Kinase, Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Myoglobin, Serum Electrolytes, C-Reactive Protein levels. These are agents that are indicative of muscle destruction or inflammation. Will be evaluated in order to follow muscle destruction.

  6. Pediatric Motivation Scale [ Time Frame: 5 Minutes ]
    The PMOT is recommended for assessing motivation to rehabilitation program in children aged 8 to 18 years. It comprises six subscales (effort-importance, interest-enjoyment, competence, relatedness, autonomy, and value-usefulness) with total 21 items. While the 19 items of the scale are answered with a 6-point smiley face scale (1 = absolutely false, 6 = absolutely correct), there are 2 open-ended questions on the scale. The high scores in each sub-scales indicate that the child's motivation in that sub-section is high. A higher total score indicates that the motivation is intrinsically arranged and that the child has a high motivation. From this point of view, the scale gives information about both the type of motivation and the amount of motivation of the child.

  7. Visual Analog Scale [ Time Frame: 1 Minute ]
    Visual Analog Scale will be applied to evaluate muscle pain. It has a fixed line between two end adjectives of 100 mm length. The end adjectives in our study will be "no pain" and "too much pain".

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pediatric Functional Reaching Test [ Time Frame: 1 Minute ]
    For the Pediatric Functional Reach test, children will be asked to raise their arms 90o in an upright posture position, extending to the maximum possible distance in three directions, forward, right, and left. Reach distances will be measured by pointing the wall with the end point of the third finger, and distances; "start", "final" and "difference" will be determined in cm using tape measure.

  2. Fall Frequency [ Time Frame: 1 Minute ]
    The frequency of the fall will be questioned with a chart created by the researchers. The family will be asked to record the children's each fall a week before the study and a week after the treatment.

  3. Muscle Strength Test with Hand Held Dinamometer [ Time Frame: 20 minutes ]
    Upper and lower limb muscles strength will be evaluated with hand held dinamometer device. This device allows recording of muscle strength in kilograms.

  4. Timed Up Go Test [ Time Frame: 2 Minutes ]
    For the time up go test, children will be asked to walk with two walking cones at a distance of 10 meters, at normal walking speeds, and the elapsed time will be recorded in seconds.

  5. Stair Climb Test [ Time Frame: 2 Minutes ]
    Children will be asked to climb up and down as quickly as they can, without running the steps, on a ladder of 16-20 cm height and 8-14 steps and the elapsed time will be recorded in seconds.

  6. T-shirt Wear Remove Test [ Time Frame: 2 Minutes ]
    For the T-shirt pull-out test, the children will be asked to wear a T-Shirt in the sitting position as soon as possible and the elapsed time will be recorded in seconds; then they will be asked to remove the T-Shirt as soon as possible and the elapsed time will be recorded in seconds.

  7. Stand Up from Supine Position Test [ Time Frame: 1 Minutes ]
    From the supine position to stand up, children will be asked to lie on the back of the body, the arms next to the body, the legs as closed as possible, and the head on the midline on a mat. Then, from this position, they will be asked to stand as soon as possible and the elapsed time will be recorded in seconds.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Volunteer to participate in the study
  • Being diagnosed with the neuromuscular disease
  • No other systemic or neurological disease
  • No significant visual or auditory loss
  • Continuation of ambulation (10 m walking independently)
  • Be able to understand simple commands

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Performing a drug change at 3 months before treatment or during treatment which may affect muscle strength
  • Acute inflammation in the musculoskeletal system
  • Finding any orthopedic problem that prevents activities during the research

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03689660

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Contact: Merve Kurt 5537241324 ext +90
Contact: Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek 2324124923

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Dokuz Eylul University Recruiting
Izmir, Balcova, Turkey, 35340
Contact: Tülay Tarsuslu Simsek, Prof.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merve Kurt
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Study Director: Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek Professor Dr.
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Responsible Party: Merve Kurt, Research Assistant, Dokuz Eylul University Identifier: NCT03689660    
Other Study ID Numbers: Merve Kurt
First Posted: September 28, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The IPD may share when requested
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: IPD: Balance results, Functional Level, Diagnosis, demographic data
Access Criteria: The IPD may share when requested.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merve Kurt, Dokuz Eylul University:
neuromuscular disease
duchenne muscular dystrophy
spinal Muscular Atrophy
virtual reality
biofeedback training
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Muscular Dystrophies
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne
Muscular Atrophy
Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
Neuromuscular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Motor Neuron Disease
Neurodegenerative Diseases