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Fluid in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03684499
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yasmeen Hasaneen Mohamed, Assiut University

Brief Summary:

Hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal problem. bilirubin is potentially toxic to central nervous system and can cause serious permanent complication called kernicterus, in which brain stem nuclei and basal ganglia are damaged,resulting in cerebral palsy.In Hyperbiliubinemia,rapid reduction of serum bilirubin level is of utmost importance.

Two commonly used mode of therapy are phototherapy and exchange transfusion. Phototherapy has some side effects such as diarrhea, skin rash, dehydration, overheating, mother-baby bonding disruption.On the other hand, complication of exchange transfusion include infections, emboli,anemia,apnea and hypocalcemia.

while IV fluid supplementationis postulated to decrease bilirubin concentration directly through a reduction of haemoconcentration, increasing enteral feed volume is proposed to decrease bilirubin concentration through reduced enterohepatic circulation via an increased gut peristalsis.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bilirubinemia Other: fluid supplementation Other: breast feeding Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus Unconjugated bilirubin is lipid soluble and therefore can cross the blood brain barrier .There it can deposit in areas of the brain, with a predilection for deposition in the basal ganglia, auditory pathways, and oculomotor nucleus. This deposition and accompanying damage result in the classical symptoms associated with kernicterus. Hypoxia, acidosis, prematurity, and genetic predispositions all increase the risk for kernicterus.In well term babies risk for kernicterus increases after bilirubin levels cross (20 mg/dL) and it is very high above (30 mg/dL). In preterm babies the threshold for damage from bilirubin could be as low as(20mg/dl). The risk increases with increasing serum levels of unconjugated bilirubin.

Acute bilirubin encephalopathy presents as lethargy, high pitched cry, poor feeding, abnormal tone, opisthotonus, upgaze palsy and seizures. Aggressive treatment at this stage can reduce the damage caused. Chronic bilirubin encephalopathy leads to conditions like choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, high frequency hearing loss, dental dysplasias and oculomotor palsies.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Role of Fluid Supplementation in Neonatal Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinemia
Estimated Study Start Date : December 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
study group (1)
The subjects will be divided into two equal groups Study group and control group by randomization. The study group will be given IV fluid supplementation with 0.5% normal saline in dextrose 5%for period of 24hours . The volume of supplementation included a presumed deficit of 50 ml/kg (equivalent to mild dehydration), half of daily maintenance fluid for 24 hours in accordance to standard norms and extra 20 ml/kg per day as a phototherapy allowance. In addition, they will continue breastfeeding. The control group will be continued on breast feeding , before the randomization procedure. All the infants will get phototherapy by standard method. Phototherapy will be discontinued when the bilirubin level will be <15 mg/dl.
Other: fluid supplementation
The subjects will be divided into two equal groups Study group and control group by randomization. The study group will be given IV fluid supplementation with 0.5% normal saline in dextrose 5%for period of 24hours . The volume of supplementation included a presumed deficit of 50 ml/kg (equivalent to mild dehydration), half of daily maintenance fluid for 24 hours in accordance to standard norms and extra 20 ml/kg per day as a phototherapy allowance. In addition, they will continue breastfeeding. All the infants will get phototherapy by standard method. Phototherapy will be discontinued when the bilirubin level will be <15 mg/dl.
Other Name: phototherapy

Other: breast feeding
The subjects will be divided into two equal groups Study group and control group by randomization . The control group will be continued on breast feeding , before the randomization procedure. All the infants will get phototherapy by standard method. Phototherapy will be discontinued when the bilirubin level will be <15 mg/dl.(Bandyopadhyay et al, 2017)

No Intervention: control group( 2)
The subjects will be divided into two equal groups Study group and control group by randomization. The study group will be given IV fluid supplementation with 0.5% normal saline in dextrose 5%for period of 24hours . The volume of supplementation included a presumed deficit of 50 ml/kg (equivalent to mild dehydration), half of daily maintenance fluid for 24 hours in accordance to standard norms and extra 20 ml/kg per day as a phototherapy allowance. In addition, they will continue breastfeeding. The control group will be continued on breast feeding , before the randomization procedure. All the infants will get phototherapy by standard method. Phototherapy will be discontinued when the bilirubin level will be <15 mg/dl.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. decrease of bilirubin level after fluid supplementation [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    bilirubin level will be measured on admission and after 24 hours and


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. phototherapy [ Time Frame: 24 ]
    reduce duration of phototherapy



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 28 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1 -Ful term ,Body weight (≥2.5kg). 2- total serum bilirubin range(≥18mg/dl to≤25mg/dl). 3-Non -haemolytic type of jaundice. 4-Ratio of conjugated bilirubin :unconjugated bilirubin is 1:5

Exclusion Criteria:

1 - Body weight ≤2.5kg. 2- Evidence of haemolysis. 3- Obvious features of dehydration. 4- Major congenital malformation . 5- Baby received already IV fluid for any reason. 6- Septicemia . 7-GIT functional or organic obstruction .


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03684499


Contacts
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Contact: Azza ahmed, professor 01006863277 azza.eisa@gmail.com
Contact: Mohamed Gamil, lecturer 01024741834 mohamed.gmail@gmail.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Assiut University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Yasmeen Hasaneen Assiut University

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Responsible Party: Yasmeen Hasaneen Mohamed, role of fluid supplementation in neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, Assiut University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03684499     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: fsnh
First Posted: September 25, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 25, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperbilirubinemia
Pathologic Processes
Bilirubin
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs