Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The Effectiveness of Muscle Energy Technique and Friction Massage in Hamstring Tightness Amongst Young Athletes of Pakistan

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03680300
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Isra University

Brief Summary:

The ability of an individual to move smoothly depends on his flexibility, an attribute that enhances both safety and optimal physical activity. Hamstring tightness leads to hamstring injuries and hamstring injuries are the most common type of injury among athletes. These injuries are slow to recover, make high health expenditure and decrease the performance level of the athlete.

The hamstring is an example of the muscle group that has a tendency to get shorten Muscle tightness is caused by a decrease in the ability of the muscle to deform, resulting in a decrease in the range of motion at the joint on which it acts. Inability to achieve greater than 120° of knee extension with the hip at 90° of flexion is considered as hamstring tightness.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hamstring Tightness Hamstring Injury Prevention Other: Post Facilitation Stretch Other: Post Isometric Relaxation Other: Friction Massage Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

it will be a Randomized Controlled Trial with 3 group. there will be 60 patients with hamstring tightness divided into 3 group. Allocating by using the manual lottery system. Non-probability Convenience Sampling technique will be utilized. the self-structured questionnaire will be used to analyse the athletic condition and performance.

Each patient in group A will be given with hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patient will receive post facilitation stretch only, for about one months on daily basis.

Each patient in group B will receive hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patients will receive post isometric relaxation alone for about one months on daily basis.

Each patient in group C will receive hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patients will receive frictional massage alone for about one months on daily basis. Friction massage on hamstrings will be given for 20 mins by thrive massager by a therapist.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 60 athletes with hamstring tightness divided into 3 group.they will be Allocated by using a manual lottery system
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effectiveness of Muscle Energy Technique and Friction Massage in Hamstring Tightness Amongst Young Athletes of Pakistan
Actual Study Start Date : March 5, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 15, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : December 15, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Post Facilitating Stretch
Each patient in group A will be given with hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patient will receive post facilitation stretch only, for about one month on daily basis.
Other: Post Facilitation Stretch

The Post Facilitating Stretch technique is performed as follows:

The hamstring muscle will be placed between a fully stretched and a fully relaxed state. The patient will be asked to contract the agonist using a maximum degree of effort for 5-10 seconds while the therapist resists the patients force. The patient will then be asked to relax and release the effort, whereas the therapist will apply the rapid stretch to a new barrier and will be held for 10 seconds. Then the patient will relaxes for approximately 20 seconds and the procedure will be repeated between three to five times and five times more. Instead of starting from a new barrier, the muscle will be placed between a fully stretched and a fully relaxed state before every repetition.


Experimental: Post Isometric Relaxation
Each patient in group B will receive hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patients will receive post isometric relaxation alone for about one months on daily basis.
Other: Post Isometric Relaxation

The Post Isometric Relaxation technique is performed as follows :

The hamstring muscle will be taken to a length just short of pain, or to the point where resistance to movement is first noted. A submaximal (10-20%) contraction of the hypertonic muscle will be performed away from the barrier for between 5 and 10 seconds and the therapist applies resistance in the opposite direction. The patient should inhale during this effort. After the isometric contraction the patient will be asked to relax and exhale while doing so. Following this a gentle stretch will be applied to take up the slack till the new barrier. Starting from this new barrier, the procedure is repeated two or three times.


Experimental: Frictional Massage
Frictional massage will be given to 3rd group
Other: Friction Massage
Each patient in group C will receive hot pack along with Tens for 20 mins then the patients will receive frictional massage alone for about one months on daily basis. Friction massage on hamstrings will be given for 20 mins by thrive massager by a therapist.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Agility run test [ Time Frame: one month ]
    performance test

  2. vertical jump test [ Time Frame: one month ]
    performance test

  3. nordic lower test [ Time Frame: one month ]
    performance test

  4. ymca sit and reach box [ Time Frame: one month ]
    performance test

  5. Goniometer [ Time Frame: one month ]
    passive straight leg raise range of motion

  6. Goniometer [ Time Frame: one month ]
    acticve Straight leg raise range of motion

  7. Goniometer [ Time Frame: one month ]
    active knee extension range of motion

  8. Goniometer [ Time Frame: one month ]
    passive knee extension range of motion



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 25 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Athletes with Hamstring tightness
  • Both male and female will be included.
  • Athletes ages from 18 to 25 years
  • Patients having Straight Leg Raise less then110˚

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Athletes having hamstring injuries
  • Patients having Straight Leg Raise greater then 110 ˚
  • Above 25 years of age
  • Other orthopedic condition like Low Back Pain,
  • Athlete with any deformity Knee Joint

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03680300


Locations
Layout table for location information
Pakistan
Dr Abdul haseeb Bhutta
Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa, Pakistan, 21300
Sponsors and Collaborators
Isra University
Publications:
Payla M, Gill M, Singal SK, Shah N. A Comparison of the Immediate and Lasting Effects between Passive Stretch and Muscle Energy Technique on Hamstring Muscle Extensibility. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy. 2018 Jan 1;12(1).

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Isra University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03680300    
Other Study ID Numbers: IIRS-IUISB/M.PhilSMMPT/001
First Posted: September 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 27, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Isra University:
agility run test
vertical jump test
100 meter sprint
nordic lower test
ymca sit and reach box
active knee extension
passive knee extension
post isometric relaxation
post facilitation stretch
muscle energy technique
friction massage
sports medicine
physical therapy
young athlete
pakistan