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PrEP Seguro: Antiretroviral-based HIV Prevention Among Men at High Risk in Mexico

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03674983
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : September 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Mexican Consortium for Research on HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis (CISIDAT)
University of California, San Francisco
Mexican National Institute of Public Health (INSP)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Omar Galarraga, PhD, Brown University

Brief Summary:
The objective of this R34 application is to prepare for testing innovative user-centered ways to promote PrEP adherence at scale. Our central hypothesis is that adherence to PrEP can be improved among MSW if PrEP is provided for free along with highly-tailored conditional economic incentives (CEI). The specific aims are: Aim 1: To refine the design of PrEP adherence intervention with user-centered conditional economic incentives to maximize sustained adherence behaviors through a user-responsive computerized survey (n=200). We incorporate quantitatively identified preferences for CEIs through a user- responsive computerized survey. We use conjoint analysis to understand preferences for CEI intervention components and how CEIs should be integrated into an optimal combination package to be tested in Aim 2. Aim 2: Measure the extent to which a user-centered CEI intervention can help MSW increase their adherence to free PrEP in a randomized controlled pilot (n=100). Among MSW who accept to take free PrEP, and return at month 1 for a second pill bottle, we will randomize n=100 MSW to either: standard of care (SoC: information, prescription, free PrEP) or CEI (SoC + incentives contingent on sufficiently-high adherence to PrEP). We will assess the primary outcome (biomarker of adherence using scalp hair analysis) at months 3 and 6, as well as secondary outcomes: clinic attendance/retention, medication possession ratio, self-reported PrEP use, and sexual behavioral disinhibition (number of partners, condom use, incident STI). Aim 3: Estimate the preliminary cost-effectiveness of incentives for PrEP adherence to maximize future policy and practice relevance of this promising intervention strategy. Our working hypothesis is that conditional economic incentives for PrEP adherence will be cost-effective in terms of cost per fully- adherent month on PrEP, cost per HIV infection averted, and cost per disability-adjusted life year saved when compared to controls not receiving the conditional incentives. The expected outcome of this R34 is a demonstration that is feasible to implement user-centered CEIs in this context, as well as preliminary efficacy and cost-effectiveness data. The project will have positive impact because it is a critical step toward scaled-up implementation of PrEP in this highly-at-risk population of MSWs in Mexico, with implications for other concentrated epidemics among MSW worldwide.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Behavioral: Conditional Economic Incentive (CEI) Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Aim 1: discrete choice experiment (DCE) with n=200. Aim 2: randomly assign 100 HIV-negative MSW in a 1:1 ratio either to: the SoC group, or to the CEI group. MSW in the SoC group (n=50) will receive transport reimbursement at baseline, 3 and 6 months. MSW in the CEI group (n=50) will receive transport reimbursement at baseline, 3 and 6 months, and additional incentives based on sufficiently high PrEP adherence at months 3 and 6. All participants will provide hair samples and have optional brief counseling based on hair sample results. Those in the CEI group, will receive additional incentives if concentrations of TDF/FTC in hair samples corroborate that they have been sufficiently adherent in recent weeks. The final incentives (amounts, format, location, etc.) will be based on Aim 1 results. 1-2 weeks after study visits, participants will receive a grade depending on the drug level detected in their scalp hair. The CEI amounts will be distributed depending on grade.
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: PrEP Seguro: Antiretroviral-based HIV Prevention Among Men at High Risk in Mexico
Estimated Study Start Date : April 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 20, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 20, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CEI Group
CEI Group will receive the standard of care (information, prescription, free PrEP) and economic incentives contingent on sufficiently-high adherence to PrEP.
Behavioral: Conditional Economic Incentive (CEI)
If hair testing shows that a participant has taken PrEP pills about 5-7 times in the previous week, he will receive a grade "A"; if he has taken PrEP pills about 3-4 times in the previous week he will receive a grade "B"; and if he has taken PrEP pills only 2 times or less, he will receive a grade "C". For those in the CEI group, if participant gets an A, he receives two additional prizes; if he gets a B, he receives one additional prize; and if he gets a C, he receives no additional prizes.

No Intervention: SOC Group
SOC Group will receive the standard of care only (information, prescription, free PrEP.)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. ARV Hair Concentrations [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Level of ARV (TDF/FTC) in scalp hair samples


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinic attendance/retention [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    This is a measure of retention in care. As each participant finishes his 6-month study period, retention will be determined by number of quarterly care visits completed.

  2. Medication adherence [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Medication Possession Ratio (MPR) is defined as the number of dispensed pills divided by the number of days between visits which will be derived from pharmacy refill records

  3. Questionnaire to Assess Self-reported PrEP Use [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Self report adherence to assess for change in adherence.

  4. Reduction in HIV and STI incidence relative to control group [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Male sex worker participants will be tested at baseline and 6-month follow-up for HIV and syphilis. Incidence rates for all infections at 6-month follow-up will be compared between the conditional economic incentive (CEI) group and the standard of care (SOC) group.

  5. Reduction in number of unprotected sex acts relative to control group [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Male sex worker participants will be assessed at baseline and 6-month follow-up using self-report measures of frequency of protected and unprotected sex acts with clients. Changes in frequency at 6-month follow-up will be compared between the conditional economic incentive (CEI) group and the standard of care (SOC) group.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male at birth and self-identifies as male at the time of enrollment
  • At least 18 years of age
  • Has tested negative for HIV in the past month
  • Demonstrates high risk of HIV acquisition defined as having had sex with penetration (oral or anal) with at least 8 male partners in past six months
  • Has exchanged or accepted money, drugs or gifts in exchange for sex on at least 8 occasions in the past month
  • Willing and capable of providing blood and scalp hair samples for assessments
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent
  • Have successfully initiated PrEP and are returning for their second bottle of PrEP pills
  • Able to provide a home address or personal telephone number, or able to provide two personal contacts who will be able to know the patient's whereabouts during the study period

Exclusion Criteria

  • Under 18 years of age
  • Unable to give informed consent due to severe mental or physical illness/substance intoxication at baseline visit
  • Presents with severe adverse reactions to PrEP
  • The subject will be excluded from the study at his own request for any reason since participation is voluntary

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03674983


Contacts
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Contact: Omar Galarraga, PhD 401 863 2331 omar_galarraga@brown.edu

Locations
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Mexico
National Institute of Public Health (INSP) / Clinica Condesa Not yet recruiting
Mexico City, DF, Mexico
Contact: Sandra Gabriela Sosa Rubi, PhD       srubi@insp.mx   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brown University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Mexican Consortium for Research on HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis (CISIDAT)
University of California, San Francisco
Mexican National Institute of Public Health (INSP)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Omar Galarraga, PhD Brown University

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Responsible Party: Omar Galarraga, PhD, Associate Professor of Health Services, Policy and Practice, Brown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03674983     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R34MH114664-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
5R34MH114664-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Materials generated under this project will be disseminated according to University and NIH policies regarding data sharing. Aggregate-level data collected in this collaboration will ultimately be available for public use. Opportunities for secondary analyses will be available following completion of the three-year project and publication of the main study findings. These findings will be available to the public through scientific meetings and peer-reviewed journals, as well as through a structured policy dissemination process.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Omar Galarraga, PhD, Brown University:
adherence
AIDS prevention
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Behavioral Economics
Biological Markers
Cost-effectiveness
MSM
HIV Prevention
PrEP

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents