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Improving Health of Nurses With Burnout Through Positive Psychological Intervention

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03657563
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yuanhui Luo, Central South University

Brief Summary:

Burnout is usually regarded as a response to chronic professional stressors like high workload, unfavorable emotion and complex interpersonal relationships. A high prevalence of burnout was found in many countries, and large-scale studies also showed high levels of burnout in Chinese nurses. As a stress-related syndrome, burnout was found to have detrimental influences on both psychological and physical health of nurses. Psychological problems such as depression and insomnia are verified to be associated with burnout. Endocrine dysfunction such as abnormal cortisol secretion rhythm occurred in shift-work nurses. Thyroid dysfunction was increasing and a sample of nurses were diagnosed with thyroid nodules and thyroid hormonal disorder during annual physical examination. Therefore, it is important to take measures to alleviate nurses' burnout to improve health.

Positive psychological interventions are defined as treatment methods or intentional activities to enhance person's positive emotions, cognitions and behaviours. In these methods and activities, people are usually required to finish a systematic exercise. According to a recent meta-analysis, Positive psychological interventions showed effectiveness in enhancing participants' well-being and reducing depressive symptoms. Therefore, this study aims to explore whether positive psychological intervention could reduce burnout and improve health of nurses.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Burnout Other: Positive psychological intervention Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 87 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: An Evaluation of Positive Psychological Intervention on Improving Health of Nurses With Burnout
Actual Study Start Date : January 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention group
Nurses with burnout are recruited in the intervention group and participate in positive psychological intervention.
Other: Positive psychological intervention

Participants in the intervention group are required to record three good things every night before sleeping for five days a week using WeChat. Such things could be ordinary, minor or important.

WeChat is a common communication tool used in China, just like Facebook, basic messages could be sent individually and posting pictures or texts is also available.


No Intervention: Control group
Nurses with burnout are recruited in the control group and none interventions are conducted to them.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline Burnout at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    Burnout of nurses is measured by Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey.

  2. Change from Baseline Morning Plasma Cortisol at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    The level of cortisol is assayed by using chemiluminescence method.

  3. Change from Baseline Thyroid Related Hormones at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    Triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) are assayed by using chemiluminescence method.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from Baseline Resilience at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    Resilience of nurses is measured by Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale.

  2. Change from Baseline Coping at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    The level of coping among nurses is measured by Trait Coping Style Questionnaire.

  3. Change from Baseline Self-efficacy at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]
    The level of self-efficacy among nurses is measured by General Self-Efficacy Scale.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • officially employed licensed nurses; burnout score higher than 1.49; had a telephone on which WeChat could be installed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • pregnant; current endocrine disorder; taking hormone drugs such as contraceptives.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03657563


Locations
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China, Hunan
Central South University
Changsha, Hunan, China, 417600
Sponsors and Collaborators
Central South University

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Responsible Party: Yuanhui Luo, Principal Investigator, Central South University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03657563    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015053
First Posted: September 5, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Burnout, Psychological
Stress, Psychological
Behavioral Symptoms