Improving Health of Nurses With Burnout Through Positive Psychological Intervention
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03657563|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2018
Burnout is usually regarded as a response to chronic professional stressors like high workload, unfavorable emotion and complex interpersonal relationships. A high prevalence of burnout was found in many countries, and large-scale studies also showed high levels of burnout in Chinese nurses. As a stress-related syndrome, burnout was found to have detrimental influences on both psychological and physical health of nurses. Psychological problems such as depression and insomnia are verified to be associated with burnout. Endocrine dysfunction such as abnormal cortisol secretion rhythm occurred in shift-work nurses. Thyroid dysfunction was increasing and a sample of nurses were diagnosed with thyroid nodules and thyroid hormonal disorder during annual physical examination. Therefore, it is important to take measures to alleviate nurses' burnout to improve health.
Positive psychological interventions are defined as treatment methods or intentional activities to enhance person's positive emotions, cognitions and behaviours. In these methods and activities, people are usually required to finish a systematic exercise. According to a recent meta-analysis, Positive psychological interventions showed effectiveness in enhancing participants' well-being and reducing depressive symptoms. Therefore, this study aims to explore whether positive psychological intervention could reduce burnout and improve health of nurses.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Burnout||Other: Positive psychological intervention||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||87 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||An Evaluation of Positive Psychological Intervention on Improving Health of Nurses With Burnout|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2016|
Experimental: Intervention group
Nurses with burnout are recruited in the intervention group and participate in positive psychological intervention.
Other: Positive psychological intervention
Participants in the intervention group are required to record three good things every night before sleeping for five days a week using WeChat. Such things could be ordinary, minor or important.
WeChat is a common communication tool used in China, just like Facebook, basic messages could be sent individually and posting pictures or texts is also available.
No Intervention: Control group
Nurses with burnout are recruited in the control group and none interventions are conducted to them.
- Change from Baseline Burnout at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]Burnout of nurses is measured by Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey.
- Change from Baseline Morning Plasma Cortisol at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]The level of cortisol is assayed by using chemiluminescence method.
- Change from Baseline Thyroid Related Hormones at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]Triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) are assayed by using chemiluminescence method.
- Change from Baseline Resilience at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]Resilience of nurses is measured by Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale.
- Change from Baseline Coping at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]The level of coping among nurses is measured by Trait Coping Style Questionnaire.
- Change from Baseline Self-efficacy at six months [ Time Frame: The measurement was taken at baseline and six months. ]The level of self-efficacy among nurses is measured by General Self-Efficacy Scale.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03657563
|Central South University|
|Changsha, Hunan, China, 417600|