Substance Use Interventions for Truant Adolescents (GOALS)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03655574|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Adolescent Problem Behavior Truancy; Unsocialized Marijuana Abuse Truancy; Socialized Substance Abuse Alcohol Abuse||Behavioral: Motivational + Family Check-up (MET+FCU) Other: Psychoeducation||Not Applicable|
Adolescents who use marijuana and are truant from school are a high-risk population with increased likelihood of substance use disorders, criminal justice involvement, and long-term impairments in vocational, family, and peer domains.
This study will test a theory-driven intervention for early adolescent marijuana using, truant youth identified through Rhode Island Truancy and Family Courts. Adolescents will be randomly assigned to one of the 2 conditions: a motivational interview versus psychoeducation.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||150 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Two-arm randomized controlled trial|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||Participants will not be informed about which intervention arm they receive. Assessors will have the condition of the participant masked.|
|Official Title:||Brief Individual and Parent Interventions for Substance Use in Truant Adolescents|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 30, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 30, 2022|
Experimental: Motivational + Family Check-up (MET+FCU)
The MET individual session covers three constructs; 1) intentions to use marijuana; 2) normative beliefs about peer substance use; and 3) attitudes towards peer substance use. These same three constructs are also addressed with respect to truancy. In addition, motivation to abstain from substance use is discussed.
The FCU session with teens and parents/caregivers begins by collecting self-report measures and conducting a videotaped Family Assessment Task (FAsTask) to assess parent-teen interactions. The FAsTask is the basis of FCU feedback. There are four specific phases of the feedback session: 1) Self-assessment, 2) Support and clarification, 3) Feedback, and, 4) Action plan.
Behavioral: Motivational + Family Check-up (MET+FCU)
In the MET session, motivational strategies of individualized normative feedback, examining decisional balance, and providing information/advice will be used to support goals for behavior change and to examine barriers to changes. There are four specific phases of the FCU session: (1) Self-assessment: Parents are asked if they learned anything about their family from participating in the assessment. (2) Support and clarification: The interviewer supports the parent's self-assessment efforts, assesses their level of understanding, and clarifies issues within the family. (3) Feedback: A summary form of the assessment is reviewed. (4) Action Plan: Throughout the session, the counselor works with the parent to develop a brief, written Action Plan about communication and monitoring.
Placebo Comparator: Psychoeducation
An interventionist will review a set of educational materials with the parents regarding teen marijuana use, effects of marijuana on the brain, body and behavior, risks associated with marijuana use, how to tell if a teen is engaging in marijuana use or truancy, and parenting skills. A comparable set of materials will be reviewed with the adolescent.
Psychoeducation about substances is provided to teens and parents.
- Change in Frequency of Marijuana Use [ Time Frame: Last 90 days at baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months ]Total number of marijuana use days .
- Change in Quantity of Marijuana Use per Occasion of Use [ Time Frame: Last 90 days at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months ]Average quantity of marijuana use per day
- Change in Days truant from school [ Time Frame: Last 90 days at baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months ]School attendance based on objective school records
- Change in Days truant from school, self-report [ Time Frame: Last 90 days at baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months ]School attendance based on self-report
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03655574
|Contact: Anthony Spirito, Ph.D.||(401) email@example.com|
|Contact: Kathleen Kemp, PhD||(401) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Rhode Island|
|Rhode Island Family Court||Recruiting|
|Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903|
|Contact: Kathleen Kemp, PhD 401-793-8269 email@example.com|
|Contact: Kevin Richard, BA 401-458-5262 KRichard@courts.ri.gov|
|Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02912|
|Principal Investigator: Anthony Spirito, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Anthony Spirito, Ph.D.||Brown University|