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Efficacy Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients With Treatment Resistant Major Depression (FORESEE III)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653858
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Boston Scientific Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Prof. Dr., University Hospital Freiburg

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled, double blind (patient and observer blinded) clinical trial is to assess the antidepressant effect of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in patients with treatment resistant major depression using the Boston Scientific implantable Vercise™ GEVIA™ DBS system compared to sham.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Treatment-resistant Depression Device: Vercise GEVIA deep brain stimulation (DBS) system Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The main objective of this clinical trial is to assess the putative antidepressant efficacy of a therapeutic method called Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in patients suffering from severe, treatment-resistant depression, i.e. in patients who have not sufficiently improved under established antidepressant therapies (such as psychotherapy, antidepressant drug therapy, and electroconvulsive therapy).

DBS, also known as "brain pacemaker" therapy, is a neurosurgical therapeutic method that is widely established for the treatment of other conditions such as Parkinson's disease. However, DBS is not yet approved for the treatment of patients with depression.

In order to initiate DBS treatment, a neurosurgical procedure is performed in which electrodes are placed in a brain region termed 'medial forebrain bundle' (MFB). The electrodes are then used to stimulate this region with electric pulses. From previous investigations and studies with small numbers of patients, it is believed that DBS might have a positive effect on depressive symptoms in patients treated with the method.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled, double blind (patient and observer blinded)
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial to Assess Efficacy of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) of the slMFB in Patients With Treatment Resistant Major Depression
Actual Study Start Date : September 3, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A: DBS onset in week 1

Implantation of Vercise GEVIA deep brain stimulation (DBS) system. DBS onset in week 1.

2ND STAGE: After 6 months DBS ON, patients will be assessed whether they are responders or non-responders. In the subgroup of eligible responders, patients will be randomized to either DBS OFF* (for max. 3 months) or continued DBS for another 6 months. *DBS OFF until worsening of clinical depression, event (defined as > 5 points augmentation in MADRS in two consecutive visits) or for a maximum of 3 months. After DBS OFF, re-onset of DBS will be performed, followed by 6 months continuous DBS.

Non-responders will also receive another 6 months DBS therapy in the 2nd stage. At sites other than Freiburg/Bonn, the 2nd stage consists of 6 months DBS therapy only.

Device: Vercise GEVIA deep brain stimulation (DBS) system
DBS to the superolateral branch of the Medial Forebrain Bundle (slMFB)

Sham Comparator: Group B: DBS off, followed by DBS onset in week 17

Implantation of Vercise GEVIA deep brain stimulation (DBS) system. 4 months OFF after implantation followed by DBS onset in first week of month 5.

2ND STAGE: See group A.

Device: Vercise GEVIA deep brain stimulation (DBS) system
DBS to the superolateral branch of the Medial Forebrain Bundle (slMFB)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]

    Primary outcome (Efficacy). MADRS is an established instrument to rate symptoms of depression. The questionnaire includes questions on the following symptoms 1. Apparent sadness 2. Reported sadness 3. Inner tension 4. Reduced sleep 5. Reduced appetite 6. Concentration difficulties 7. Lassitude 8. Inability to feel 9. Pessimistic thoughts 10. Suicidal thoughts Each of the 10 items yields a score of 0 to 6. These item scores are summed up to yield a total score. The range of the total score is thus 0 to 60; higher total scores indicate more severe depressive symptoms.

    Usual cutoff points are:

    0 to 6 - normal/symptom absent; 7 to 19 - mild depression; 20 to 34 - moderate depression; >34 - severe depression


  2. Time to Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) augmentation of >5 points or clinical worsening in two consecutive visits after DBS termination [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months ]
    Primary outcome in 2nd stage; Description MADRS: see above.

  3. Assessment of (Serious) Adverse Events related to Investigational Medical Device and / or surgical procedures [ Time Frame: From IMD implantation until the end of study; assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    Primary outcome (Safety); (Serious) adverse events seen will be reported using standard descriptive statistical methods.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-28) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]

    HDRS is an established instrument to rate symptoms of depression. Different versions exist, using between 17 and 29 items. In this study, the 28-item version (HDRS-28) is used. The patient is rated by a clinician, items are scored either on a 3-point or 5-point Likert-type scale.

    Single item scores are summed up to yield a total score. The total score ranges from 0 to 85; a higher total score indicates more severe depressive symptoms.


  2. Clinical Global Impression Score (CGI) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]
    The CGI is a scale that measures the global severity of illness, the global improvement relative to the beginning of the study as well as the therapeutic effect and adverse reactions, score ranges from 0 to 7 for severity of illness and global improvement, a higher score indicates more severe symptoms and a worsening of symptoms; score ranges from 0 to 8 for the efficacy index, 0 means that the efficacy can't be evaluated, a score of 2 means best efficacy while a score of 8 means no therapeutic effect and more adverse reactions

  3. Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]
    Score ranges from 100 (high functioning) to 1 (severly impaired)

  4. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]
    Score ranges from 0 to 63; a higher total score indicates more severe depressive symptoms

  5. 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) total score [ Time Frame: 16 weeks after surgery ]
    Health-related quality of life questionnaire; 8 subscales: General health perceptions, physical functioning, role limitations due to physical problems, bodily pain, vitality, general mental health, role limitations due to emotional problems, social functioning. The score in each subscale ranges from 0 to 100; subscores add up to two total scores, "physical health" and "mental health", each with a score range of 0-400. Higher scores indicate better health-related quality of life.

  6. Change over time in HDRS total score after DBS surgery with DB stimulation OFF compared to stimulation ON [ Time Frame: assessed weekly for 16 weeks after surgery ]
    HDRS: see above

  7. Change over time in CGI total score after DBS surgery with DB stimulation OFF compared to stimulation ON [ Time Frame: assessed weekly for 16 weeks after surgery ]
    CGI: see above

  8. Change over time in GAF total score after DBS surgery with DB stimulation OFF compared to stimulation ON [ Time Frame: assessed weekly for 16 weeks after surgery ]
    GAF: see above

  9. Change over time in BDI-II total score after DBS surgery with DB stimulation OFF compared to stimulation ON [ Time Frame: assessed weekly for 16 weeks after surgery ]
    BDI-II: see above

  10. Change over time in SF-36 total score after DBS surgery with DB stimulation OFF compared to stimulation ON [ Time Frame: assessed weekly for 16 weeks after surgery ]
    SF-36: see above

  11. Neuropsychological Assessments: Rey Complex Figure Test (CFT) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-36, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  12. Neuropsychological Assessments: d2 concentration test (d2) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Higher scores indicate better cognitive performance (total of right answers minus errors)

  13. Neuropsychological Assessments: 5-Point-Test [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-35, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  14. Neuropsychological Assessments: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) (vocabulary, similarities) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range "vocabulary": 0-32, Score range "finding similarities": 0-32, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  15. Neuropsychological Assessments: Mini-Mental-Status-Test (MMST) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-30, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  16. Neuropsychological Assessments: Multiple-Choice Vocabulary Intelligence Test (MWT-B) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-37, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  17. Neuropsychological Assessments: Rey Visual Design Learning Test (RVDLT) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-75, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  18. Neuropsychological Assessments: Word Fluency Test [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    No maximum scores, patient has two minutes to produce answers, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  19. Neuropsychological Assessments: Stroop-Test [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Time in s, low scores (less seconds) indicate better cognitive performance

  20. Neuropsychological Assessments: Test for Attentional Performance (TAP) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Reaction times as well as correct or false responses and omissions are measured, higher cognitive performance is indicated by fast responses, few errors and high no. of correct responses

  21. Neuropsychological Assessments: Trail-Making Test (TMT) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Time in s, low scores (less seconds) indicate better cognitive performance

  22. Neuropsychological Assessments: Verbal Memory and Learning Ability Test [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-75, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  23. Neuropsychological Assessments: Hopper Visual Organization Test (VOT) [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-30, higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  24. Neuropsychological Assessments: Digit-Span and Block-Span Test [ Time Frame: at 4 months after implantation ]
    Score range 0-12 for each of for dimensions: Digit span forward, digit span backward, block span forward, block span backward. Higher scores indicate better cognitive performance

  25. MADRS total score during long-term follow-up compared to baseline [ Time Frame: at 12 months stimulation ]
    MADRS: see above

  26. HDRS total score during long-term follow-up compared to baseline [ Time Frame: at 12 months stimulation ]
    see above

  27. CGI total score [ Time Frame: at 6 and 12 months DB stimulation compared to baseline ]
    see above

  28. GAF total score [ Time Frame: at 6 and 12 months DB stimulation compared to baseline ]
    see above

  29. BDI-II total score [ Time Frame: at 6 and 12 months DB stimulation compared to baseline ]
    see above

  30. SF-36 total score [ Time Frame: at 6 and 12 months DB stimulation compared to baseline ]
    see above

  31. Neuropsychological Assessments: Rey Complex Figure Test (CFT) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  32. Neuropsychological Assessments: d2 concentration test (d2) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  33. Neuropsychological Assessments: 5-Point-Test [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  34. Neuropsychological Assessments: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) (vocabulary, similarities) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  35. Neuropsychological Assessments: Mini-Mental-Status-Test (MMST) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  36. Neuropsychological Assessments: Multiple-Choice Vocabulary Intelligence Test (MWT-B) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  37. Neuropsychological Assessments: Rey Visual Design Learning Test (RVDLT) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  38. Neuropsychological Assessments: Word Fluency Test [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  39. Neuropsychological Assessments: Stroop-Test [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  40. Neuropsychological Assessments: Test for Attentional Performance (TAP) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  41. Neuropsychological Assessments: Trail-Making Test (TMT) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  42. Neuropsychological Assessments: Verbal Memory and Learning Ability Test [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  43. Neuropsychological Assessments: Hopper Visual Organization Test (VOT) [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  44. Neuropsychological Assessments: Digit-Span and Block-Span Test [ Time Frame: at 6 months DBS compared to baseline and at end of the study compared to baseline, assessed up to 77 weeks ]
    see above

  45. Incidence of relapse into clinical depression after tapering down of DBS [ Time Frame: From discontinuation of DBS until the date of first documented relapse, assessed up to 12 weeks ]
    The incidence of relapse into clinical depression after discontinuation of DBS will be assessed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Major depression (MD), severe, unipolar, or bipolar in an acute depression episode.
  2. German mother tongue or fluent.
  3. Male or female patients ≥20 and ≤75 years.
  4. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-28) score of >21.
  5. Global Assessment of Function (GAF) score of <45.
  6. At least 4 episodes of depression or one chronic episode >2 years.
  7. Failure to respond to

    1. adequate trials of primary antidepressants from at least 3 different classes (>5 weeks at the maximum recommended or tolerated dose) and
    2. adequate trials of augmentation/combination of a primary antidepressant (>3 weeks at the usually recommended or maximum tolerated dose) using at least 2 different augmenting/combination agents (lithium, T3, stimulants, neuroleptics, anticonvulsants, buspirone, or a second primary antidepressant) and
    3. an adequate trial of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) (>6 treatments) and an adequate trial of individual psychotherapy (>20 sessions with an experienced psychotherapist).
  8. Able to give written informed consent.
  9. Compliance to participate in the study.
  10. Drug free or on stable drug regimen at least 6 weeks before study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Current or past non-affective psychotic disorder.
  2. Any current clinically significant neurological disorder or medical illness affecting brain function, other than motor tics or Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.
  3. Any clinically significant abnormality on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), any contraindications to perform a planned MRI to visualize the slMFB.
  4. Any surgical contraindications to undergoing DBS like deformed or displaced or not discernable target region, scarring after brain disease (infarction), need for continuous anticoagulation that cannot be bridged in order to obtain normal coagulation, present risks for anesthesia or any brain or scalp injury (even after intracranial surgery).
  5. Current or unstably remitted substance abuse (aside from nicotine).
  6. Pregnancy, women of childbearing age not using effective contraception and breast feeding women.
  7. History of severe personality disorder.
  8. Acute suicidal ideation.
  9. Patients with advanced stage cardiovascular disease.
  10. Patients under immunosuppressive or chemo therapy because of malignant disease.
  11. Patients who had previous intracranial surgery.
  12. Patients who are currently under DBS therapy or have implanted any kind of stimulator already.
  13. Patients with aneurysm clips.
  14. Patients with cochlear implants.
  15. Patients with planned diathermy.
  16. Persons who are in a relationship of dependence/employment with the sponsor or the investigator.
  17. Simultaneous participation or previous participation within 30 days prior to start of screening in a clinical trial involving investigational medicinal product(s) or investigational medical device(s).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03653858


Contacts
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Contact: Thomas E Schlaepfer, Prof. Dr. +49761270 ext 68820 thomas.schlaepfer@uniklinik-freiburg.de
Contact: Volker A Coenen, Prof. Dr. +49761270 ext 50630 volker.coenen@uniklinik-freiburg.de

Locations
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Germany
University Hospital Freiburg Recruiting
Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 79106
University Hospital Bonn Not yet recruiting
Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 53105
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Freiburg
Boston Scientific Corporation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas E Schlaepfer, Prof. Dr. University Hospital Freiburg

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Responsible Party: Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Prof. Dr., Principal Investigator, Head of Interventional Biological Psychiatry, University Hospital Freiburg
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653858     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P000767
DRKS00014947 ( Registry Identifier: German Clinical Trials Register )
CIV-17-07-020746 ( Other Identifier: Eudamed Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 8, 2019
Last Verified: September 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Prof. Dr., University Hospital Freiburg:
Deep Brain Stimulation
Treatment-resistant depression
Medial forebrain bundle
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders