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A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib (ABT-494) in Participants With Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis (U-Accomplish)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653026
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2018
Results First Posted : November 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AbbVie

Brief Summary:
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of upadacitinib compared to placebo in inducing clinical remission (per Adapted Mayo score) in participants with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) Drug: Placebo Drug: Upadacitinib Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Study M14-675 consists of 2 parts, Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 8-week induction period. Part 2 is an open-label, 8-week extended treatment period for participants who did not achieve clinical response at Week 8 in Part 1.

Eligible participants are randomized in a 2:1 ratio to one of the two treatment groups (upadacitinib 45 mg or matching placebo) for 8 weeks. The randomization is stratified by biologic inadequate responder (bio-IR) status (bio-IR vs non-bio-IR), corticosteroid use (yes or no), and Adapted Mayo score (≤ 7 or > 7) at Baseline. Within bio-IR, the randomization is further stratified by number of prior biologic treatments (≤ 1 or > 1). Within non-bio-IR, the randomization is further stratified by previous biologic use (yes or no).

Participants who achieve clinical response defined by Adapted Mayo Score at Week 8 or Week 16 and do not meet any study discontinuation criteria are eligible to enroll into Study M14-234 Substudy 3 (NCT02819635; 52-week maintenance study) or Study M14-533 Cohort 1 (NCT03006068; long-term follow-up study).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 522 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Induction Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib (ABT-494) in Subjects With Moderately to Severely Active Ulcerative Colitis
Actual Study Start Date : December 6, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 14, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : January 14, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Upadacitinib 45 mg
Participants received 45 mg upadacitinib once daily (QD) for 8 weeks. Participants who did not achieve clinical response per Adapted Mayo score at Week 8 received upadacitinib 45 mg once daily for 8 additional weeks in the open-label extension period.
Drug: Upadacitinib
Tablet for oral administration
Other Names:
  • ABT-494
  • RINVOQ®

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received placebo matching to upadacitinib once daily for 8 weeks. Participants who did not achieve clinical response per Adapted Mayo score at Week 8 received upadacitinib 45 mg once daily for 8 weeks in the open-label extension period.
Drug: Placebo
Tablet for oral administration

Drug: Upadacitinib
Tablet for oral administration
Other Names:
  • ABT-494
  • RINVOQ®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Clinical Remission Per Adapted Mayo Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]

    The Adapted Mayo Score is a composite score of UC disease activity based on the following 3 subscores:

    1. Stool frequency subscore (SFS), scored from 0 (normal number of stools) to 3 (5 or more stools more than normal).
    2. Rectal bleeding subscore (RBS), scored from 0 (no blood seen) to 3 (blood alone passed).
    3. Endoscopic subscore, scored from 0 (normal or inactive disease) to 3 (severe disease, spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

    The overall Adapted Mayo score ranges from 0 to 9 where higher scores represent more severe disease.

    Clinical remission is defined as an Adapted Mayo score ≤ 2, with SFS ≤ 1 and not higher than Baseline, RBS of 0, and endoscopic subscore ≤ 1.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Endoscopic Improvement at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Endoscopic improvement is defined as an endoscopic subscore of 0 or 1. Endoscopies were assessed by a blinded central reader and scored according to the following scale: 0 = Normal or inactive disease; 1 = Mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern); 2 = Moderate disease (marked erythema, lack of vascular pattern, any friability, erosions); 3 = Severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

  2. Percentage of Participants With Endoscopic Remission at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Endoscopic remission is defined as an endoscopic subscore of 0. Endoscopies were assessed by a blinded central reader and scored according to the following scale: 0 = Normal or inactive disease; 1 = Mild disease (erythema, decreased vascular pattern); 2 = Moderate disease (marked erythema, lack of vascular pattern, any friability, erosions); 3 = Severe disease (spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

  3. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Clinical Response Per Adapted Mayo Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]

    The Adapted Mayo Score is a composite score of UC disease activity based on the following 3 subscores:

    1. Stool frequency subscore (SFS), scored from 0 (normal number of stools) to 3 (5 or more stools more than normal).
    2. Rectal bleeding subscore (RBS), scored from 0 (no blood seen) to 3 (blood alone passed).
    3. Endoscopic subscore, scored from 0 (normal or inactive disease) to 3 (severe disease with spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

    The overall Adapted Mayo score ranges from 0 to 9 with higher scores representing more severe disease.

    Clinical response per the Adapted Mayo Score is defined as a decrease in Adapted Mayo score ≥ 2 points and ≥ 30% from Baseline, plus a decrease in RBS ≥ 1 or an absolute RBS ≤ 1.


  4. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Clinical Response Per Partial Adapted Mayo Score at Week 2 [ Time Frame: Week 2 ]

    The Partial Adapted Mayo Score is a composite score of UC disease activity based on the following 2 subscores:

    1. Stool frequency subscore (SFS), scored from 0 (normal number of stools) to 3 (5 or more stools more than normal).
    2. Rectal bleeding subscore (RBS), scored from 0 (no blood seen) to 3 (blood alone passed).

    The overall Partial Adapted Mayo score ranges from 0 to 6 with higher scores representing more severe disease.

    Clinical response per Partial Adapted Mayo Score is defined as a decrease in Partial Adapted Mayo score ≥ 1 point and ≥ 30% from Baseline, plus a decrease in RBS ≥ 1 or an absolute RBS ≤ 1.


  5. Percentage Of Participants Who Achieved Histologic-Endoscopic Mucosal Improvement at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]

    Histologic endoscopic mucosal improvement is defined as an endoscopic subscore of 0 or 1 and a Geboes score ≤ 3.1.

    The endoscopic subscore ranges from 0 (normal or inactive disease) to 3 (severe disease with spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

    The Geboes histologic index includes seven histological features (architectural change, chronic inflammatory infiltrate, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils, neutrophils in epithelium, crypt destruction and erosion or ulcers). The Geboes score has 6 grades, each with 3-5 subgrades: Grade 0, structural change only; Grade 1, chronic inflammation; Grade 2, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils; Grade 3, neutrophils in epithelium; Grade 4, crypt destruction; and Grade 5, erosions or ulceration.


  6. Percentage of Participants Who Reported No Bowel Urgency at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Bowel urgency was assessed by participants in a subject diary completed once a day.

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Reported No Abdominal Pain at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Abdominal pain was assessed by participants in a subject diary completed once a day.

  8. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Histologic Improvement at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
    Histologic improvement is defined as a decrease from Baseline in Geboes score. The Geboes histologic index includes seven histological features (architectural change, chronic inflammatory infiltrate, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils, neutrophils in epithelium, crypt destruction and erosion or ulcers). The Geboes score has 6 grades, each with 3-5 subgrades: Grade 0, structural change only; Grade 1, chronic inflammation; Grade 2, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils; Grade 3, neutrophils in epithelium; Grade 4, crypt destruction; and Grade 5, erosions or ulceration.

  9. Change From Baseline in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) Total Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 8 ]
    The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) is used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with ulcerative colitis. It consists of 32 questions evaluating bowel and systemic symptoms, as well as emotional and social functions. Each question is answered on a scale from 1 (worst) to 7 (best). The total score ranges from 32 to 224 with higher scores indicating better health-related quality of life. A positive change from Baseline indicates improvement.

  10. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Mucosal Healing at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]

    Mucosal healing is defined as an endoscopic score of 0 and Geboes score < 2.0. The endoscopic subscore ranges from 0 (normal or inactive disease) to 3 (severe disease with spontaneous bleeding, ulceration).

    The Geboes histologic index includes seven histological features (architectural change, chronic inflammatory infiltrate, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils, neutrophils in epithelium, crypt destruction and erosion or ulcers). The Geboes score has 6 grades, each with 3-5 subgrades: Grade 0, structural change only; Grade 1, chronic inflammation; Grade 2, lamina propria neutrophils and eosinophils; Grade 3, neutrophils in epithelium; Grade 4, crypt destruction; and Grade 5, erosions or ulceration.


  11. Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) Score at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Week 0) to Week 8 ]
    The FACIT fatigue questionnaire was developed to assess fatigue associated with anemia. It consists of 13 fatigue-related questions. Each question is answered on a 5-point Likert scale: 0 (not at all); 1 (a little bit); 2 (somewhat); 3 (quite a bit); and 4 (very much). The total score ranges from 0 to 52, where higher scores represent less fatigue, and a positive change from Baseline indicates improvement.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female participants ≥ 16 and ≤ 75 years of age at Baseline Note: Adolescent participants at the age of 16 or 17 years old will be eligible to participate if approved by the country or regulatory/health authorities.

Note: Adolescent participants at the age of 16 or 17 years old must weigh ≥ 40 kilograms and meet the definition of Tanner Stage 5 at the Screening Visit.

  • Diagnosis of Ulcerative Colitis (UC) for 90 days or greater prior to Baseline, confirmed by colonoscopy during the Screening Period, with exclusion of current infection, colonic dysplasia and/or malignancy. Appropriate documentation of biopsy results consistent with the diagnosis of UC, in the assessment of the Investigator, must be available.
  • Active UC with an Adapted Mayo score of 5 to 9 points and endoscopic subscore of 2 to 3.
  • Demonstrated an inadequate response, loss of response, or intolerance to at lease one of the following treatments including, oral aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and/or biologic therapies.

Note: Participants who have had inadequate response, loss of response to conventional therapy but have not failed biologic therapy (Non-bio-IR) and have received a prior biologic for up to 1 year may be enrolled, however they must have discontinued the biologic for reasons other than inadequate response or intolerance (e.g., change of insurance, well controlled disease), and must meet criteria for inadequate response, loss of response, or intolerance as defined above.

  • Female Participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the Screening Visit and a negative urine pregnancy test at the Baseline Visit.
  • If female, participant must meet the contraception recommendation criteria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant with current diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) or diagnosis of indeterminate colitis (IC).
  • Current diagnosis of fulminant colitis and/or toxic megacolon.
  • Participant with disease limited to the rectum (ulcerative proctitis) during the Screening endoscopy.
  • Received cyclosporine, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, or thalidomide within 30 days prior to Baseline.
  • Participant who received azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) within 10 days of Baseline.
  • Received intravenous corticosteroids within 14 days prior to Screening or during the Screening Period.
  • Participant with previous exposure to Janus Activated Kinase (JAK) inhibitor (e.g., tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib).
  • Screening laboratory and other analyses show any prespecified abnormal hematologic results.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03653026


Locations
Show Show 379 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AbbVie
Investigators
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Study Director: ABBVIE INC. AbbVie
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AbbVie:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 31, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 19, 2021

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: AbbVie
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03653026    
Other Study ID Numbers: M14-675
2016-000642-62 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 26, 2021
Last Update Posted: November 26, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: AbbVie is committed to responsible data sharing regarding the clinical trials we sponsor. This includes access to anonymized, individual and trial-level data (analysis data sets), as well as other information (e.g., protocols and clinical study reports), as long as the trials are not part of an ongoing or planned regulatory submission. This includes requests for clinical trial data for unlicensed products and indications.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: For details on when studies are available for sharing, please refer to the link below.
Access Criteria: Access to this clinical trial data can be requested by any qualified researchers who engage in rigorous, independent scientific research, and will be provided following review and approval of a research proposal and Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP) and execution of a Data Use Agreement (DUA). For more information on the process, or to submit a request, visit the following link.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/abbvie/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by AbbVie:
Upadacitinib
ABT-494
Ulcerative Colitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colitis
Colitis, Ulcerative
Ulcer
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Upadacitinib
Janus Kinase Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents