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Ramucirumab + Pembrolizumab in Patients With Recurrent/Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03650764
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 29, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The investigators hypothesize that inhibition of angiogenesis and PD-1 will be more effective than inhibition of PD-1 alone. The first step in pursuing proof of this hypothesis is to establish the safety and feasibility of combining ramucirumab with pembrolizumab, therefore the first part of this protocol is a de-escalation phase I trial of the combination of ramucirumab + pembrolizumab. The key objective of the phase I trial is to establish the safety and the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ramucirumab for this novel combination regimen in patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (RM-HNSCC). The second step in pursuing proof of this hypothesis is to establish the efficacy of ramucirumab (using the RP2D) with pembrolizumab. The second part of this protocol is a single arm phase II trial combining ramucirumab + pembrolizumab. The primary objective of the phase II trial is to determine the tumor response rates (complete response (CR) and partial response (PR)) of the treatment combination given as first line therapy in patients with RM-HNSCC.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Ramucirumab Drug: Pembrolizumab Other: EORTC QLQ-30 Other: FACT H&N Procedure: Peripheral blood Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Phase I and II Trial of Ramucirumab + Pembrolizumab in Patients With Recurrent/Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : May 29, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase I: Ramucirumab + Pembrolizumab
-Ramucirumab will be administered IV over 1 hour on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Pembrolizumab will be administered as per standard of care (IV at a dose of 200 mg over 30 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle). On Day 1, pembrolizumab will be given after ramucirumab.
Drug: Ramucirumab
Ramucirumab is an investigational agent for this trial and will be supplied by Lilly Oncology, free of charge to the patient
Other Name: Cyramza

Drug: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab is commercially available
Other Name: Keytruda

Procedure: Peripheral blood
-Baseline

Experimental: Phase II: Ramucirumab + Pembrolizumab
-Patients will be treated with ramucirumab at the RP2D on Day 1 and SOC pembrolizumab (200 mg IV over 30 minutes) on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle.
Drug: Ramucirumab
Ramucirumab is an investigational agent for this trial and will be supplied by Lilly Oncology, free of charge to the patient
Other Name: Cyramza

Drug: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab is commercially available
Other Name: Keytruda

Other: EORTC QLQ-30
-Screening, start of cycle 2, start of cycle 5

Other: FACT H&N
-Screening, start of cycle 2, start of cycle 5

Procedure: Peripheral blood
-Baseline




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of ramucirumab combined with fixed dose pembrolizumab (Phase I patients only) [ Time Frame: Completion of first cycle of treatment for all patients enrolled in Phase I portion of study (estimated to be 2.5 months) ]
    -The RP2D of ramucirumab is defined as the highest dose level at which fewer than 2 patients of a cohort of three patients experience a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) during the first cycle.

  2. Overall tumor response rate of ramucirumab and pembrolizumab (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Through 28 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Overall tumor response rate = number of participants with complete response + partial response
    • Complete response (CR)=Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial response (PR)=At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse event profile of the combination of ramucirumab and pembrolizumab (Phase I and II patients) as measured by the frequency of adverse events [ Time Frame: Through 28 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    -The descriptions and grading scales found in the revised NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 will be utilized for all toxicity reporting.

  2. Duration of overall response (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Through 28 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]

    -Duration of overall response: The duration of overall response is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started).

    The duration of overall CR is measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for CR until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented.

    -Duration of stable disease: Stable disease is measured from the start of the treatment until the criteria for progression are met, taking as reference the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started, including the baseline measurements.


  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Through 28 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • Progressive disease: At least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progressions).

  4. Overall survival (OS) (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Through 28 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
  5. Changes in quality of life as measured by FACT H&N (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Baseline, start of cycle 2, and start of cycle 5 (estimated to be 12 weeks) ]
    • Median scores for each item and domain will be reported at each time point.
    • The general questionnaire, FACT-G, consists of 27 questions in four domains - physical (7), social/family (7), emotional (6), and functional (7). FACT-G is supplemented by a head and neck cancer specific subscale consisting of 11 questions to make up the 38 item FACT-H&N. Scores are calculated separately for each domain, and an unweighted summary score is calculated for the FACT-G and the total FACT H&N. The maximum score of 144 reflects the best possible quality of life
    • Answers to the questions range from 0=not at all to 4=very much

  6. Changes in quality of life as measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 (Phase II patients only) [ Time Frame: Baseline, start of cycle 2, and start of cycle 5 (estimated to be 12 weeks) ]
    • Median scores for each item and domain will be reported at each time point.
    • 30 items questionnaire with answers ranging from 1=not at all to 4=very much
    • includes five functional scales (physical, role, emotional, cognitive and social), three symptom scales (fatigue, nausea & vomiting and pain) and a global health status/QOL scale. Furthermore, it contains six single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea and financial difficulties)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Incurable HNSCC, defined as disease not amenable to cure by surgery and/or radiation therapy or patient declines or is ineligible for curative therapy
  • Disease Evaluation:

    • In phase I, evaluable or measurable disease.
    • In phase II, measurable disease per RECIST 1.1
  • Prior Treatment:

    • For phase I, any number of lines of prior therapy for RM-HNSCC.
    • For phase II, no prior systemic therapy for RM-HNSCC.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • Performance status 0-2 (ECOG).
  • Adequate blood and organ function as defined:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    • AST(SGOT) ≤ 3 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) and ALT(SGPT) ≤ 3 x IULN. In the setting of liver metastases, AST < 5 x IULN and ALT < 5 x IULN.
    • Creatinine ≤ 2 x ULN OR creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min/1.73 m2
    • Urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) ≤ 1; if UPC ≥ 1, then a 24-hour urine protein must be assessed; patients must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g to be eligible
    • INR ≤ 1.5 x ULN (≤ 3.0 x ULN if on anticoagulation) and PTT ≤ 1.5 x ULN (Patients are allowed to be on anticoagulation)
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) beginning 14 days prior to first dose of ramucirumab, through the dosing period, and for at least 28 days after.
  • Signed IRB approved written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Phase II: prior PD-1 inhibitor for treatment of incurable HNSCC. For phase I, prior PD-1 inhibitor therapy in the incurable setting is permitted.
  • Radiation, chemotherapy, targeted or investigational therapy within 14 days of treatment start.
  • Major surgery, presence of a non-healing, non-malignant ulcer within 14 days of treatment start; History of significant tumor site bleeding within 14 days of study consent.
  • History of other malignancy ≤ 1 year previous with the exception of completely resected skin carcinoma or other cancers with a low risk of recurrence.
  • Cirrhosis at a level of Child-Pugh B (or worse), Cirrhosis of any degree with a history of hepatic encephalopathy or clinically meaningful ascites (from cirrhosis requiring diuretics or paracentesis).
  • Receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Ongoing toxicity attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy that is > grade 1, except alopecia, anemia, fatigue or rash.
  • Active central nervous system metastases: defined as currently receiving radiation therapy to metastatic CNS disease. Once radiation therapy is completed, patients with CNS disease are eligible if they meet all other criteria for enrollment.
  • History of severe allergic reactions attributed to agents used in the study.
  • Serious uncontrolled inter-current illness within the 3 months prior to study entry or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Receiving systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 20 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of pembrolizumab.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Sjogren's syndrome) that has required IV or subcutaneous systemic treatment in the past 6 months (excluding rituxin). Replacement therapy (i.e. thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of system treatment.
  • GI perforation or fistula within 6 months of first dose of protocol therapy
  • History of GI issues such as inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease.
  • Poorly controlled hypertension (defined as high blood pressure measurements [systolic blood pressures of ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressures of > 100 mmHg] documented during the two-week interval prior to enrollment). Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medications to control blood pressure is permitted prior to study entry.
  • Arterial thromboembolic events (including but not limited to myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, or unstable angina) within 3 months prior to first dose of treatment.
  • GI Bleeding (grade 3 or 4) within 3 months prior to first dose.
  • Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Patient must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of first dose of treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03650764


Contacts
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Contact: Douglas R Adkins, M.D. 314-747-8475 dadkins@wustl.edu

Locations
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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Douglas R Adkins, M.D.    314-747-8475    dadkins@wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Douglas R Adkins, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Peter Oppelt, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Esther Lu, Ph.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Eli Lilly and Company
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Douglas R Adkins, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03650764    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201809094
First Posted: August 29, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Pembrolizumab
Ramucirumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs