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School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03638557
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Reisi Nurdiani, SP, MSi, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Brief Summary:

The main objective of this study is to assess the impact of the school lunch program and nutrition education towards the change in knowledge, attitude, and behavior on balanced nutrition and clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (CHLB) of adolescents living in an Islamic Boarding School. The secondary objective is to assess the program impact on energy and nutrient intake, nutrition status, hemoglobin concentration, physical fitness and concentrating ability of students.

A pre-post quasi experimental design is applied to assess the impact. The intervention includes: 1) provision of nutritious lunch, meeting the nutrient requirements of adolescents for one meal, for 7 days a week, with the total duration of 220 days, 2) provision of nutrition education once a week (3 times delivered by teachers, 1 time delivered by research team) and nutrition education media, 3) capacity building of teachers and food handlers. The duration of the intervention is 1 academic year or 8 active months after the reduction of holidays and examination months.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Stunting Underweight Other: Nutritious Lunch Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This research will be conducted using pre-post quasi experimental design. Subjects consist of only intervention group, who are measured before and after the intervention or program period. The SLP program (intervention) in Darussalam Islamic Boarding School consists of:

  1. Balanced Nutrition Education and CHLB for the boarding school students and teachers
  2. Provision of lunch
  3. Food processing training, food sanitation hygiene and food safety for food handlers.

The location of this activity is determined purposively at the Islamic boarding school, in the neighborhood of the IPB (Institut Pertanian Bogor) campus with the following basic criteria for the school:

  1. Has apparent nutritional problems among the students
  2. It has a kitchen and dining area for its students in need of improvement
  3. Has a strong commitment to cooperate in running the program. This activity will be held at the Darussalam Islamic Boarding School located in Laladon Bogor area. There are 450 students consisting of both male and female students. This Islamic boarding school has a kitchen that is used to process and cook food for the students. The eating area is divided into two areas, in the form of a shared dining room for the male students and a terrace for the female students. The Islamic boarding school also has a garden area that is used for gardening activities for the students but it has not been managed in a sustainable manner.

The overall project period is 18 months (2017/09-2019/03), which includes design, baseline, midline and endline data collection (3 times), implementation and reporting activities. The implementation of the school lunch program will be for 1 academic year (8 active months after the reduction of holidays and examination months), starting immediately after Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval of both Bogor University and Ajinomoto co. inc.until the end of March 2019. Lunch will be served 7 days per week with the total of 220 days The provision of lunch is designed to meet 30% of the daily nutritional requirements of students and contains 635-776 Kcal of energy with 18-22 grams of protein. The lunch menu is served in the form of a full menu consisting of staple food, animal products, plant products, vegetables and fruit by utilizing local food. The menu cycle used is a set menu cycle of 10+1 day cycle Hemoglobin level and dietary intake data was collected for sub sample of students, meeting the sample size calculation, which was 150 subjects. Data will be collected at baseline (before the intervention), midline, and endline.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 413 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: pre-post quasi experimental design
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Effect of School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents in Islamic Boarding School
Actual Study Start Date : January 26, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 5, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention

The intervention package consists of the following;

  1. Balanced Nutrition and Clean and Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Education for the boarding school students (once a week with the duration of 30-60 minutes. 3 weeks are delivered by trained teachers, and 1 week by research team.
  2. Nutritious lunch, for 7 days a week. With the total of 220 days. The lunch menu is designed to meet 30% of the students RDA, which consists of 635-777 Kcal and 18-22 grams of protein
Other: Nutritious Lunch

The intervention package consists of the following;

  1. Balanced Nutrition and Clean and Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Education for the boarding school students (once a week with the duration of 30-60 minutes. 3 weeks are delivered by trained teachers, and 1 week by research team.
  2. Nutritious lunch, for 7 days a week. With the total of 220 days. The lunch menu is designed to meet 30% of the students RDA, which consists of 635-777 Kcal and 18-22 grams of protein




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hemoglobin concentration using Hemocue [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Hemoglobin concentration of subjects measured using Hemocue


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Body Mass Index (BMI) for age z-score [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Indicator of nutrition status of adolescents, measured by the assessment of weight and height of the subject. BMI for age z-score was calculated using World Health Organization (WHO) Anthro Plus Software

  2. Nutrition and health knowledge using validated-structured questionnaire [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Knowledge on nutrition and clean and healthy lifestyle behavior

  3. Nutrition and health practices using validated-structured questionnaire [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Practices related to nutrition and clean and healthy lifestyle behavior

  4. Nutrition and health attitude using validated-structured questionnaire [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Attitude on nutrition and clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (values of subjects), measured by questionnaire asking whether they agree or disagree to statements on nutrition and health

  5. Nutrient intake using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, iron, zinc, and vitamin c intake. Assessed using 24 hour recall

  6. Food pattern using validated-structured questionnaire [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Consumption of protein sources, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and beverages. Assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaire

  7. Physical Fitness based on the Indonesian Physical Fitness Test [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    A series of test using the Indonesian Physical Fitness Test, consisting of push up, sit up, high jump, sprint, and running 1000 m

  8. Concentration/ short term memory using memory cards based on Kustiyani 2005 [ Time Frame: February-November (9 months) ]
    Assessed using a set of cards to memorize with reduced duration of time



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • have resided in the boarding school at least one year
  • are anemic or underweight or stunted

Exclusion Criteria:

  • severely anemic with Hb concentration < 7 g/dl
  • BMI for age z-score <-3

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03638557


Locations
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Indonesia
Darussalam Islamic Boarding School
Bogor, West Java, Indonesia, 16610
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Pertanian Bogor
Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Dr. Rimbawan Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Reisi Nurdiani, SP, MSi, Institut Pertanian Bogor:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] December 18, 2017


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Responsible Party: Reisi Nurdiani, SP, MSi, Secretary of Department of Community Nutrition, Institut Pertanian Bogor
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03638557     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SLP05/2018
First Posted: August 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Thinness
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms