Palbociclib and Letrozole or Fulvestrant in Treating Patients With Estrogen Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03633331|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer HER2/Neu Negative Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7||Drug: Palbociclib Drug: Letrozole Drug: Fulvestrant Other: Questionnaire Administration Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment||Phase 2|
I. To estimate the safety and tolerability (adverse event rate) of the combination of palbociclib and letrozole or fulvestrant in adults age 70 or older with estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer.
I. To describe the full toxicity profile including all grade 2 and higher adverse events (per National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v.] 5.0), specifically estimating the rate of grade 2 and higher myelosuppression (neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia), neutropenic fever, gastrointestinal (GI) side effects (nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, vomiting, mucositis-oral), fatigue, neuropathy, and thromboembolism.
II. To describe rates of dose reductions, dose holds, and hospitalizations. III. To estimate median time to treatment failure, including progression free survival and overall survival.
IV. To estimate the rate of adherence to palbociclib, letrozole and fulvestrant.
V. To explore factors other than chronologic age that can affect toxicity rates as identified using a cancer-specific geriatric assessment.
VI. To describe the results of the Overall Treatment Utility (OTU). VII. To determine the degree of agreement between patient-reported adverse events (AEs) using Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO)-CTCAE measures and those reported using traditional collections for AEs.
VIII. To examine the association between sarcopenia and the development of toxicity and adverse events.
Patients receive palbociclib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD on days 1-28 or fulvestrant intramuscularly (IM) on days 1 and 15 of course 1 and on day 1 of subsequent courses per Doctor of Medicine (MD) discretion. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 5 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||93 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase II Trial Assessing the Tolerability of Palbociclib in Combination With Letrozole or Fulvestrant in Patients Aged 70 and Older With Estrogen Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 15, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 8, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 2024|
Experimental: Treatment (palbociclib, letrozole or fulvestrant)
Patients receive palbociclib PO QD on days 1-21. Patients also receive letrozole PO QD on days 1-28 or fulvestrant IM on days 1 and 15 of course 1 and on day 1 of subsequent courses per MD discretion. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Questionnaire Administration
Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
- Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Defined as the proportion of patients with documentation of grade 3 - 5 toxicity (regardless of attribution using the National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v.] 5.0 criteria). A 95% binomial confidence interval for single proportions will be constructed for the severe toxicity rate during treatment. Univariate relationships between the primary endpoint and various pre-treatment patient characteristics such as anemia, self-assessed functional status, or social support will be described via cross-tabulation and Fisher's exact testing. Exploratory logistic regression modeling, with limited generalizability due to the modest sample size, will be used to assess the relative contributions of these variables impact the likelihood of developing a severe toxicity during treatment. The strength of this association will be expressed in terms of an odds ratio and its associated 95% confidence interval.
- Incidence of drug toxicities - Measured by National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] v. 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Measured by National Cancer Institute [NCI] Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] v. 5.0
- Dose reduction, dose hold, and hospitalization reasons [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]A 95% binomial confidence interval for single proportions will be constructed for the percentage of patients that had at least one dose reduction, dose hold, or hospitalization within the first year of treatment.
- Time to treatment failure (and reason for coming off study - toxicity, patient preference, progression) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Distributions time to treatment failure will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Treatment failure is defined as a severe adverse event, disease progression or patient refusal to continue assigned treatment. Any reason that treatment is discontinued to time to treatment failure and not censor patients will be included. The reason for treatment discontinuation will be captured.
- Palbociclib adherence rate [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]Patients to be included in the analysis cohort will be those patients who have taken one or more doses of the study treatment. Those patients will be considered adherent to study treatment. For each of the first 3 cycles, an estimate of the proportion of patients who meet the criteria for adherence and its corresponding 95% confidence interval will be determined.
- Response rate as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]The response rate is defined as the proportion of patients whose disease status met Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria for complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 8 weeks apart. A 95% binomial confidence interval for the response rate will be constructed.
- Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to the first of the following disease events: local/regional/distant recurrence, invasive contralateral breast disease, second primary or death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]Distributions of progression free survival (PFS) times will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]Distributions of overall survival (OS) times will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.
- Overall Treatment Utility (OTU) results [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]OTU is a novel composite endpoint developed by investigators of the FOCUS2 trial to assess the outcome of palliative chemotherapy. The patient will be given either an overall score of "good", "intermediate", or "poor". A 95% binomial confidence interval will be constructed for the percentage of patients that scored "good" on the OTU.
- Sarcopenia analysis [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Will examine variables associated with skeletal muscle loss during treatment and whether skeletal muscle loss during treatment is associated with the presence of grade 3-5 toxicity and adverse events. Sarcopenia will be treated as a binary variable using the Skeletal Muscle Index (SMI) (SMI < 41 cm^2/m^2 vs. SMI > 41 cm^2/m^2) and differences in grades chemotherapy toxicity and adverse events will be analyzed using two group t-tests and fisher's exact test. The number of patients with and without sarcopenia grouped by patients with or without grade 3+ Adverse Events (AE's) will be also be reported.
- Quality of life as measured by the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Three Level Questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]European Quality of Life Five Dimension Three Level Questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) is comprised of 5 dimensions. Mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 3 levels, no problems, some problems, extreme problems. The EQ-5D-3L can be converted to a single summary index. The median and range of this total score will be reported.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03633331
|Study Chair:||Mina Sedrak, MD, MS||City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center|