Evaluation of a Novel PET Radioligand to Image OGA
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03632226|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2019
O-GlcNAcase (OGA) is a brain enzyme. It may play a role in brain disorders like Alzheimer s disease. Researchers want to see if a new drug can be used with positron emission tomography (PET) scans to show OGA better. Researchers want to learn more about how it acts in healthy people.
To test if the new drug [18F]OGA-1 can measure its receptor. To determine whether the same results occur when scanning a person twice.
Healthy adults age 18 and older who are already enrolled in a separate protocol.
Some participants will have 1 whole-body PET scan during one 4-hour visit to the clinic. Some will have 2-3 brain scans (PET and MRI) over 2-3 days.
For the PET scan, a needle will guide a thin plastic tube (IV catheter) into an arm vein. A small amount of radioactive chemical will be injected through the catheter. The needle will be removed. Only the catheter will be left in the vein.
Another IV catheter may be placed to draw blood.
Blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate will be measured. Participants will have an electrocardiogram.
Participants will lie on a bed that slides in and out of the donut-shaped scanner.
The scan will last 2-3 hours.
For brain PET scan, participants will wear a plastic mask to keep their head still.
For magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, participants will lie on a table. The table slides in and out of the MRI scanner. This is a metal cylinder in a strong magnetic field. Participants will be in the scanner up to 1 hour.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Pharmacokinetics Adult||Drug: 18F-OGA-1|
Tau, a microtubule associated protein, regulates axonal structure and function within neurons of the brain. Neurofibrillary tangles contain hyper-phosphorylated, insoluble tau protein and are a hallmark of Alzheimer s disease (AD) and other tauopathies. Hyperphosphorylation of tau is required for its aggregation into tangles. One novel strategy to decrease the phosphorylation of tau is to increase the number of sugar molecules attached to tau, with the overly simple mechanism that the presence of the sugar molecules physically blocks phosphorylation. In this case, the sugar molecule is N-acetyl-Beta-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc), and increased glycosylation is achieved by inhibiting the enzyme (OGA) that removes these residues.
In collaboration with Eli Lilly, our laboratory recently developed (18F)OGA-1, a novel PET ligand to image the hydrolase OGA (O-GlcNAcase). Initial PET scans in monkey demonstrated that (18F)OGA-1 is a promising ligand.
This protocol is a first-in-human evaluation of (18F)OGA-1 and has four phases:
- Phase 1: whole body imaging of one (1) subject with a low injection activity of approximately 2 mCi to confirm that no organ has prominently high uptake of (18F)OGA-1;
- Phase 2: kinetic brain imaging in ten (10) subjects with up to 5 mCi injection to quantify OGA in brain relative to concurrent measurement of the parent radioligand in arterial plasma and venous plasma;
- Phase 3: if (18F)OGA-1 is successful in Phase 2 in the first couple of subjects, we will estimate the radiation-absorbed doses by performing whole body imaging on a total of eight (8) subjects, with 5 mCi injection;
- Phase 4: test-retest analysis in twelve (12) subjects, of brain binding relative to concurrent measurement of the parent radioligand in arterial plasma (5 mCi per scan) and venous plasma.
Thus, a total of 9 for whole body imaging and 22 for brain imaging
Healthy adult female and male volunteers (n= 22, ages greater than or equal to 18) will undergo brain imaging. An additional nine healthy volunteers will undergo whole body dosimetry analysis, for a total of 31 healthy volunteers.
For quantification of (18F)OGA-1, 22 healthy controls will undergo brain PET imaging using [18F]OGA-1 an arterial line, and venous line. Of this group of 22 healthy controls having brain PET imaging, twelve of them will have a test-retest scan. Nine additional subjects will have a whole body PET scan for dosimetry. For dosimetry, no arterial line will be used.
To assess quantitation of OGA with (18F)GA-1, we will primarily use two outcome measures, namely the identifiability and time stability of distribution volume (VT) calculated with compartmental modeling. In the test-retest study, we will calculate the retest variability. We will assess whole-body biodistribution and dosimetry of (18F)OGA-1 by calculating doses to organs and the effective dose to the body as a whole.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||28 participants|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of a Novel PET Radioligand to Image OGA|
|Study Start Date :||May 2, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 25, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 25, 2019|
- The indentifiability and time stability of the distribution volume calculated with compartmental modeling of [F18 OGA-1]. In the test-retest study the retest variability will be calculated. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
- Whole-body distribution and dosimetry of [18F]OGA-1 [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03632226
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert B Innis, M.D.||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|