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Umbilical Cord Milking in Non-Vigorous Infants (MINVI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03631940
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2022
Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women & Newborns
Sharp Grossmont Hospital
University of Utah
University of Alberta
Poznan University of Medical Sciences
IWK Health Centre
University of California, Davis
Loma Linda University
George Washington University
Providence Hospital
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anup Katheria, M.D., Sharp HealthCare

Brief Summary:
The investigators will conduct a study of non-vigorous term infants to determine if umbilical cord milking (UCM) results in a lower rate of NICU admissions than early clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord at birth for infants who need resuscitation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Birth Asphyxia Procedure: Umbilical Cord Milking Procedure: Early Cord Clamping Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

At birth, it is critical that an infant begins breathing quickly. The infant has to switch from relying on the placenta for oxygen to using its lungs for the first time. The currently recommended practice for infants who need resuscitation is to immediately clamp the umbilical cord. Animal studies show that clamping the cord before the baby breathes can cause the heart beat to slow and can decrease the amount of blood being pumped out of the heart each minute. This study will test whether infants will benefit from UCM. The cord will be quickly milked four times before cutting and will not delay the resuscitation procedures. This study is important because when there is need for resuscitation, neither UCM or delayed cord clamping, are recommended by national and international organizations due to lack of evidence. Yet, several large studies from around the world have identified that infants needing resuscitation are more likely to develop conditions such as cerebral palsy, autism and other developmental problems.

The trial is a cluster crossover design in which each hospital will be randomly assigned to use either early cord clamping or UCM for any infant needing resuscitation over a period of 12 months. Then sites will change to the other method for an additional 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Cluster Randomized Crossover
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Umbilical Cord Milking in Non-Vigorous Infants
Actual Study Start Date : January 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Umbilical Cord Milking
The delivering practitioner will place the newborn below the level of the incision (at the edge of the table) at C/S and a second team member will milk the cord four times. For vaginal delivery, the delivering obstetrician, midwife or perinatal provider will hold the infant against their body or place the infant on the mother's abdomen and the cord will be milked either four times by the obstetrical provider or by a second team member. For the cord milking procedure, the obstetrical provider will milk the entire length of umbilical cord over two seconds, repeating three additional times as described previously. This time is not significantly different from the time for ECC as we have demonstrated in our previous trials.
Procedure: Umbilical Cord Milking
At delivery, the umbilical cord is grasped, and blood is pushed toward the infant 4 times before the cord is clamped. This procedure infuses a placental transfusion of blood into the infant and can be done in 15-20 seconds.

Active Comparator: Early Cord Clamping
This will occur by clamping the umbilical cord as soon as possible. Since both ECC and UCM will occur after a brief assessment, it is important to note that the cord clamping time will be longer than in previously conducted preterm trials (average 20 seconds) which performed the intervention on all subjects regardless of whether or not they were vigorous. In all cases, the cord clamping time will be documented to ensure consistency.
Procedure: Early Cord Clamping
The umbilical cord is clamped within 30 seconds of delivery.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. NICU Admission [ Time Frame: Delivery room death or Admission to the NICU in the first 48 hours of life ]
    Admission to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for Study-specific criteria

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Placental Transfusion [ Time Frame: 12-48 hours of life ]
    Estimated by single hemoglobin measurement

  2. Therapeutic Hypothermia ("Cooling") [ Time Frame: 72 hours of life ]
    Cooling to 33.5 degrees C for 72 hours within the first 6 hours of life

  3. Use of volume expander [ Time Frame: Through hospital stay, up to 120 days ]
    Treated with blood products or normal saline bolus to support blood pressure

  4. Hyperbilirubinemia [ Time Frame: First week of life ]
    Total bilirubin per Bhutani nomogram

  5. Death [ Time Frame: From birth to date of death or discharge, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 180 days ]
    Death prior to discharge

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory-Level of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy [ Time Frame: Through hospital stay, up to 120 days ]
    Mild, moderate or severe

  2. Exploratory-Length of Stay [ Time Frame: Through hospital stay, up to 120 days ]
    Number of days from birth to discharge home

  3. Exploratory-Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: First 48 hours of life ]
    Blood Pressure on Admission to NICU

  4. Exploratory-Resuscitation interventions [ Time Frame: First hour of life ]
    Level of resuscitation interventions at delivery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Weeks to 42 Weeks   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non-vigorous newborns born between 35-42 weeks gestation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known major congenital or chromosomal anomalies of newborn
  • Known cardiac defects other than small ASD, VSD and PDA
  • Complete placental abruption/cutting through the placenta at time of delivery
  • Monochorionic multiples
  • Cord anomaly (i.e. cord avulsion, true knot)
  • Presence of non-reducible nuchal cord
  • Perinatal providers unaware of the protocol
  • Incomplete delivery data
  • Infants born in extremis, for whom additional treatment will not be offered

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03631940

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United States, California
University of California, Davis
Davis, California, United States, 95616
Loma Linda Medical Center
Loma Linda, California, United States, 92350
Sharp Grossmont Hospital
San Diego, California, United States, 91942
Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women and Newborns
San Diego, California, United States, 92123
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20052
United States, Oregon
Providence St. Vincent Medical Center
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225-6603
United States, Utah
University of Utah/IMH
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84113
Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2R3
Canada, New Brunswick
Dalhousie University
Dalhousie, New Brunswick, Canada, E8C 2R6
Poznan University of Medical Science
Poznań, Poland
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sharp HealthCare
Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women & Newborns
Sharp Grossmont Hospital
University of Utah
University of Alberta
Poznan University of Medical Sciences
IWK Health Centre
University of California, Davis
Loma Linda University
George Washington University
Providence Hospital
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Anup Katheria, MD Sharp HealthCare
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Anup Katheria, M.D., Director, Neonatal Research Institute, Sharp HealthCare Identifier: NCT03631940    
Other Study ID Numbers: MINVI
5R01HD096023-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 15, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Anup Katheria, M.D., Sharp HealthCare:
Umbilical Cord Milking
Immediate Cord Clamping
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Asphyxia Neonatorum
Pathologic Processes
Wounds and Injuries
Infant, Newborn, Diseases