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RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS in Blind Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03629899
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Retina Implant AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wills Eye

Brief Summary:
The goal of this study is to transfer the surgical implantation technique and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS to restore limited visual function and functional vision in blind Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) patients who are at the Light Perception (LP) or No Light Perception vision level (NLP). The safety of the implantation procedure and the long-term presence of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS will be assessed with clinical exams and objective clinical tests for the absence of any new permanent damage to the structure and function of the implanted eye with no permanent injury to the health and/or well being of the implanted patient as a result of the surgical procedure or presence of the implant. The effectiveness of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS will be evaluated by measuring limited visual function and functional vision in implanted subjects with the device "ON" and "OFF" in a randomized order. The ability to restore limited vision in blind RP patients with LP vision or NLP will reduce their disability and morbidity and provide a viable option to combat their disease and improve their lives.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Retinitis Pigmentosa Device: RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is a rare genetic disorder albeit the most common cause of inherited blindness. With progressive loss of function and cells in the outer retina, individuals with RP can progress to complete blindness of Light Perception or No Light Perception. There is no known cure or treatment for RP individuals at the Light Perception or No Light Perception phase of this progressive degenerative disease. The RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS is an investigational device designed to restore limited visual function and functional vision in this subset of patients suffering with RP whose visual acuity has deteriorated to the level of Light Perception or No Light Perception.

The RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS has been designed to replace the non-functioning and absent photoreceptor cells with a functional device to stimulate the remaining components of the retina to restore limited visual function and functional vision in patients with RP. The RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS device is surgically implanted subretinally to replace the non-functioning pathologic photoreceptor/RPE layer (or absent photoreceptor cells and defective pigment epithelium). The focusing lens system of the eye directs the visual image onto the device. When turned "ON" the device then stimulates the remaining visual cells of the inner layers of the retina and this visual information is subsequently transmitted by the remaining retinal network via the optic nerve to the visual cortex in the Central Nervous System (CNS).

This investigation is an Early Feasibility Study and will seek to implant five (5) to eight (8) patients. One surgical team, highly experienced in similar vitreoretinal procedures will be trained and will implant the enrolled patients. Follow-up visits for each patient will include an evaluation of safety and effectiveness at various time periods with follow-up continuing through five (5) years.

The use of masking in this clinical trial will be employed at the level of implanted subjects undergoing effectiveness evaluations during the follow-up visits as further described. Implant "ON" and "OFF" modality will be randomized and unknown to each subject undergoing functional vision tests during the follow-up visit. The "ON" and "OFF" will be encoded as either mode-1 or mode-2; for each test run, mode-1 and mode-2 will be differently encoded. The subject's visual performance will be evaluated and recorded for both "ON" and "OFF" implant conditions.

Each potential subject will undergo screening and evaluation to document that the eligibility criteria have been met and for proper surgical planning for implantation of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS. Qualifying subjects will undergo surgical implantation of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS in one eye and will be followed immediately in the post-operative period. Follow-up will continue for five (5) years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Early Feasibility Study of the RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS in Blind Patients With Retinitis Pigmentosa
Estimated Study Start Date : March 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS
After implantation surgery, every single sub-test will be performed with randomized implant activation ("ON" or "OFF"). During every trial of each sub-test there will be a study coordinator and a technician. The study coordinator will have a set randomization examination schedule while the technician will record patient response without knowledge of the randomization examination schedule. The patient, technician and investigator will all be masked to the testing conditions.
Device: RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS
Implantation of the subretinal RETINA IMPLANT Alpha AMS




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety - Incidence of procedure or implant related adverse events [ Time Frame: Through study completion, 5 years ]
    The safety endpoint is the absence of any new permanent damage to the function and structure of the implanted eye, consisting of new neovascularization, epiretinal membrane formation, and subretinal fibrotic tissue formation, and no permanent damage to the health and/or well-being of the subject following implantation as a result of the surgical procedure or presence of the implant.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in visual function [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 52, 60 months post surgery ]
    Visual function will be assessed with the implant "ON" vs. "OFF" using Basic Light Localization and Motion Test (BaLM/BaGA).

  2. Change in Visual Acuity [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 52, 60 months post surgery ]
    Change in visual acuity will be measured with the implant "ON" vs "OFF" using Landolt C-optotypes.

  3. Changes in response to photoflash test [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 52, 60 months post surgery ]
    Changes in response to photoflash test

  4. Change in Activities of Daily Living [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 52, 60 months post surgery ]
    Changes in daily life situations will be assessed in a real world environment with the implant "ON" vs "OFF"



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

• Blind RP patients with LP or NLP identified in both eyes using a photoflash test.

(NLP inclusion is defined as participants who at screening give less than 9 correct answers out of 20 trials to the photoflash test; LP inclusion is defined as participants who at screening give 9 or more correct answers out of 20 trials to the photoflash test)

  • Pseudophakia for at least 3 months prior to entrance into study.
  • Central visual function of 12 years / lifetime or greater with a history of reading vision in the eye to be implanted.
  • Fluorescein angiography showing retinal vascular perfusion in all four quadrants of macula.
  • Fifty (50) years of age or older at time of enrollment.
  • Evidence of inner retinal function (ganglion cells and optic nerve function) by EEP test identified by the ability to elicit phosphene thresholds.
  • ERG showing rod and cone non-function.
  • Willing and able to give written informed consent and participate in ongoing follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Ophthalmic conditions other than RP with relevant effect upon visual function (e.g., glaucoma, optic neuropathies, trauma, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, macular degeneration, cystoid macular edema, MS) with the addition of tobacco, alcohol abuse and retinotoxic drugs e.g. plaquenil and thorazine.
  • Any other ocular disease that affects retina and / or optic nerve function.
  • Opacification of ocular structures that prevent clear image transmission.
  • Nystagmus.
  • Cystoid macular edema within target region for implantation shown via Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).
  • Retina detected as too thin as shown via OCT (<100 μm) to expect required functionality of inner retina and /or OCT shows no layering of the inner retina in the central region.
  • Scar tissue (e.g., epiretinal, intraretinal, subretinal, macular pucker) within target region for implantation.
  • Heavily clumped pigmentation at posterior pole (would interfere with image transmission to vision chip).
  • Anterior segment pathology that interferes with clear visualization of the retina (e.g., presence of cloudy or scarred cornea and / or papillary membrane) that cannot be resolved prior to entrance into study.
  • Amblyopia reported earlier in life for eye to be implanted.
  • Systemic diseases that might imply considerable risks with regard to the surgical interventions and anesthesia (e.g., cardiovascular / pulmonary diseases, severe metabolic diseases).
  • Any condition and / or allergic contraindication to pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative medication.
  • Health problems where general anesthesia is contraindicated.
  • Disease or conditions that would probably limit life expectancy to less than 1 year from screening.
  • Orbital deformity that would interfere with surgical implantation that could not be resolved prior to entrance into study.
  • Patients with plastic intra-ocular lenses, or other materials, that would interact with silicone oil.
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing, or women of childbearing potential who are not willing to use a medically acceptable means of birth control for the duration of the study, or women unwilling to perform a pregnancy test before entering the study.
  • Neurological and / or psychiatric diseases (e.g., Parkinson, epilepsy, MS, depression or severe anxiety).
  • Lack of cognitive and / or emotional ability (e.g., depression or severe anxiety) limiting participation as assessed by psychiatric evaluation.
  • Participation in another interventional clinical trial within the past 30 days.
  • The need for regular administration of anticoagulants, platelet aggregation inhibitors or analgesics containing acetylsalicylic acid.
  • Disease or conditions that likely require regular use of MRI or other similar imaging technology that emits electromagnetic radiation.
  • Patients unwilling to avoid participating in vigorous sports or activities with a high risk of a head injury.
  • Patients unwilling to avoid security-scanning devices that would result in a full body, manual search.
  • Ability to perceive form or motion under optimal conditions (largest size, brightest lighting, highest contrast, etc.) of form and motion testing as tested by BaLM, BaGA, and Landolt C.
  • Patients with hearing deficits and cochlear implants or patients who may be implanted with cochlear implants in the near future.
  • Patients undergoing or requiring medical treatments generating induced currents in the area of the implant such as electrosurgery, diathermy, neurostimulation, electroconvulsive therapy, ionizing radiation therapy, therapeutic ultrasound.
  • Subjects with no active immunization status against organisms causing meningitis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03629899


Contacts
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Contact: Mid Atlantic Retina Wills Eye Hospital 215-928-3092 research@midatlanticretina.com
Contact: The Vicki and Jack Farber Vision Research Center Wills Eye Hospital visionresearch@willseye.org

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Wills Eye Hospital Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Contact: Mid Atlantic Retina Wills Eye Hospital       research@midatlanticretina.com   
Contact: The Vicki and Jack Farber Vision Research Center Wills Eye Hospital       visionresearch@willseye.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wills Eye
Retina Implant AG
Investigators
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Study Director: Jay Federman, MD Wills Eye Hospital

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Wills Eye
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03629899     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-645
First Posted: August 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 9, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Wills Eye:
Retinitis Pigmentosa
Inherited Retinal Degeneration
Retina Implant
Retinal Prosthesis
Artificial Vision

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Retinitis
Retinitis Pigmentosa
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Retinal Dystrophies
Retinal Degeneration
Genetic Diseases, Inborn