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Evaluation of the Efficacy of Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem®) in Treatment of Post-traumatic Narcolepsy and Post-traumatic Hypersomnia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03626727
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Charles Andrew Czeisler, MD, PhD, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Brief Summary:
The study evaluates whether the use of Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem®) in TBI patients will be effective in reducing symptoms of post traumatic narcolepsy and post traumatic hypersomnia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypersomnia Narcolepsy Traumatic Brain Injury Drug: Sodium Oxybate Oral Solution [Xyrem] Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Post-traumatic narcolepsy and post-traumatic hypersomnia are under-recognized clinical conditions in post-TBI patients.

Considering the high prevalence of hypersomnia, treatment difficulty, and sparse clinical studies for treatment of sleep problems in TBI patients, additional clinical trials need to be performed to provide more therapeutic options for patients and physicians. Sodium oxybate (Xyrem®) could be potentially one such option given its high efficacy in idiopathic narcolepsy patients.

From the results of animal research, as well as from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and autopsy findings from TBI patients, hypothalamic injury and hypocretin pathology seem to play a role in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic narcolepsy and hypersomnia. Despite lack of clear understanding of the exact mechanism of action of sodium oxybate in patients with idiopathic narcolepsy, the shared pathophysiology of the hypocretin system in post-traumatic hypersomnia and narcolepsy would suggest the possible efficacy of sodium oxybate (Xyrem®) on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and prolonged sleep in patients with TBI.

In this Pilot Clinical Trial, we will test whether sodium oxybate (Xyrem®, approved for the treatment of improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy) is effective in improving the sleep-wake symptoms, global functioning and quality of life of post-TBI patients with hypersomnia and narcolepsy.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-label Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem®) in the Treatment of Two Under-recognized Clinical Conditions: Post-traumatic Narcolepsy and Post-traumatic Hypersomnia
Estimated Study Start Date : September 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Club Drugs

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sodium Oxybate Oral Solution (Xyrem®)
4.5g of oral solution Xyrem will be given as a starting dose. This will be titrated up weekly to the final treatment dose of 9.0g. Participants will be on this final dose for 8 weeks.
Drug: Sodium Oxybate Oral Solution [Xyrem]
Xyrem will be given to participants to determine if it is effective in treating post-traumatic narcolepsy and post-traumatic hypersomnia




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Subjective Daytime Sleepiness [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Change in subjective daytime sleepiness assessed through a daily questionnaire about frequency and duration of daytime naps, frequency of sleep attacks.

  2. Change in Sleep Duration [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Change in sleep duration assessed by actigraphy-estimated total sleep time (TST).

  3. Change in Clinical Condition [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Change in clinical condition as assessed by Clinical Global Impression (CGI) assessment. CGI assesses a clinician's view of a patient's global functioning before and after initiating medication. It is broken up into CGI-S (Severity) and CGI-I (Improvement). CGI-S is one question assesses how clinically ill a patient is at time of assessment. it is on a 1-7 scale with 1 being normal and 7 being among the most extremely ill patients. CGI-I looks at improvement in patients functioning once medication starts. it is also on a 1-7 scale with 1 being very much improved since initiation of treatment and 7 being very much worse.

  4. Change in Subjective Daytime Sleepiness (ESS) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Change in daytime sleepiness will be assessed through changes in Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores. The ESS measures sleepiness of a participant. It is eight questions with a scale of 0 - 3 with 0 being no chance of dozing and 3 being high chance of dozing. The total score of eight questions is reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Frequency of nocturnal awakenings) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by a daily sleep questionnaire on frequency of nocturnal awakenings.

  2. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Duration of nocturnal awakenings) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by a daily sleep questionnaire on duration of nocturnal awakenings.

  3. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Subjective amount of sleep) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by a daily sleep questionnaire on subjective amount of sleep each night.

  4. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Frequency of sleep walking) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by a daily sleep questionnaire on frequency of sleep walking.

  5. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Frequency of hypnagogic hallucinations) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by a daily sleep questionnaire on frequency of hypnagogic hallucinations.

  6. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (Change in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index) scores) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality assessed by changes in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores. The PSQI assesses sleep quality. It is broken down into seven components, with scales from 0 - 3 with 0 being better quality of sleep and 3 being a more poor quality of sleep. The Global PSQI score is taken from the sum of the seven component scores.

  7. Change in Nocturnal Sleep Quality (actigraphy) [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Average change in nocturnal sleep quality measured by actigraphy.

  8. Change in Global Functioning [ Time Frame: Data collected on Day 1 (Baseline Visit) of the Intervention and at end of 1 week on the final dosage, which will be 2-5 weeks after the Baseline Visit. ]
    Change in global functioning evaluated by the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). The SDS assesses functional impairment in three subscales: in work/school, social, and family life. Each is subscale is 1-10 with 1 being no disability/impairment and 10 be extreme disability/impairment. These three subscales are added together to give the global functional impairment score which ranges from 0 being unimpaired to 30 being highly impaired.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of first-ever primary TBI 12 or more months ago;
  • Mild to severe TBI (GCS 3-15);
  • Either a) or b):

    1. Presence of subjective daytime sleepiness (ESS ≥ 10) lasting 3 months or more, and not present prior to the TBI;
    2. Long sleep duration (mean TST ≥ 9hours/24hrs or increased sleep need of at least 1-2 h per 24 h compared to pre-TBI), documented by actigraphy, lasting 3 months or more;
  • Objectively demonstrated EDS (MSLT mean of 5 naps: SL ≤ 8min);
  • Age: 18 - 64;
  • Ability to read and understand consent form, complete questionnaires and daily sleep diary, and provide informed consent. The Folstein MMSE will be used to assess cognitive function.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current neurologic deficit (weakness, dysarthria or dysphagia, aphasia or dysphasia); Participants with a score of <27 on Folstein MMSE will be excluded.
  • History of neurologic or psychiatric disease prior to TBI;
  • Epilepsy or history of seizure (whether related or unrelated to TBI);
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 32;
  • Sleep apnea (Apnea Hypopnea Index, AHI > 15/h); -Chronic sleep restriction (≥ 2hour sleep extension on weekends from self- report, diary, or at least 14 days of actigraphy);
  • Sleep-wake disturbance other than long sleep duration or sleepiness (DSPD, ASPD, Shift-work Sleep Disorder);
  • Diagnosis of narcolepsy or other sleep disorder prior to TBI;
  • Unwillingness to follow physician instructions relating to the concomitant use of alcohol and sodium oxybate during the study;
  • History of or current substance abuse;
  • Current regular CNS-affecting medication use;
  • History of depression, suicidal thoughts, and/or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
  • Current depression assessed by a structured clinical interview and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI);
  • Abnormal liver function (LFT more than twice the upper limit of normal or serum bilirubin more than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal);
  • Hypertension, heart failure, history of myocardial infarction, or abnormal EKG demonstrating clinically significant arrhythmia;
  • Kidney disease (Serum creatinine >2.0mg/dl);
  • Lung disease (COPD, ILD, asthma);
  • On a low salt diet for medical reasons;
  • An occupation that requires variable shift work or routine night shifts (work hours between 11pm and 6am);
  • Pregnant, intention to become pregnant;
  • Breast-feeding or plans to breastfeed;
  • Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03626727


Contacts
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Contact: Jacob Medina 617-525-8657 TBIsleepresearch@partners.org
Contact: Charles A Czeisler, MD/Ph.D.

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Jacob Medina         
Principal Investigator: Charles A Czeisler, MD/Ph.D         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brigham and Women's Hospital

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Responsible Party: Charles Andrew Czeisler, MD, PhD, Baldino Professor of Sleep Medicine, Division Chief, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03626727     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017-P-002884
First Posted: August 13, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Charles Andrew Czeisler, MD, PhD, Brigham and Women's Hospital:
Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Prolonged sleep
Traumatic Brain Injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Narcolepsy
Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Mental Disorders
Sodium Oxybate
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs