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Partners at Meals - Respite Care and Home (PAM) (PAM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03622814
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:
The goal of this study is to test the efficacy of a mealtime intervention in respite care centers for people with dementia and their caregivers. Mealtimes become more challenging as dementia progresses causing nutritional and behavioral issues in the affected individuals. Using a train-the-trainer program built on the Partners at Meals model, volunteers in respite centers partner with caregivers and develop a mealtime plan that builds on the strengths of the person with dementia, and develop a supportive environment for change. A tele-health component is involved in the communication between the respite center volunteers/staff and families. Recruitment is limited to people attending the particular respite centers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia, Alzheimer Type Weight Loss Behavioral: Partners at Meals Behavioral: Enhanced Usual Condition Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The goal of this study is to test the efficacy of a mealtime intervention (Partners at Meals) in respite care centers (RCCs) that provide a social model of care for people with dementia living in the community and support for their caregivers. Largely staffed by long-time volunteers, these centers support caregivers' ability to maintain their loved one in the home. Traditionally, support for social activities and mealtime offered by the RCCs cannot be extended to home. In this project, we will use a telehealth interface to provide consultation to family caregivers in the context of home where problems arise.

Outcomes include improvements in: a) quality of life (QOL) and nutritional outcomes for people with dementia (PWD) and QOL outcomes for family caregivers (CGs); b) self-efficacy training outcomes for assessing and managing meals for the CGs and the RCC volunteers; and c) sustainability outcomes as determined by directors of the RCCs. Two large RCCs with a total of 5 sites of care in suburban and rural areas of SC will be the sites of this project.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A randomized cluster-design trial will be conducted in two large respite care centers (RCCs) with five sites that serve primarily white and African American persons with dementia. RCCs will be randomized to the intervention condition (Partners at Meals; 3 sites) or ['enhanced usual care' (EUC)] (2 sites). The primary unit of analysis is the person with dementia (PWD) and caregiver (CG): 60 PWDs, 60 CGs will be enrolled; it is estimated that up to 60 volunteers/staff/managers may be enrolled. The caregivers and RCC volunteer is another dyad for analysis, as is the RCC volunteer and the PWD. Additionally, RCC Managers at both PaM and EUC sites will be interviewed regarding barriers to implementation, ways to enhance the project, and possible causes of discharge of PWD from the study related to nutritional problems.
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description: Participants will not know if they are in a site that is receiving the treatment or in the usual condition site. Randomization is by site, not by individuals.
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Mealtime Partnerships for People With Dementia in Respite Centers and at Home
Actual Study Start Date : August 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment - Partners at Meals (PAM)
People with dementia (PWD) often lose weight and suffer subsequent health issues: the goal of this intervention is to improve or maintain weight of a PWD, and to improve or maintain food intake. A train-the-trainer intervention is used with volunteers in Respite Care Centers who partner with family caregivers of PWD. Designed to be personalized to the PWD and focusing on his/her existing strengths and compensating for his/her deficits in mealtime management, sessions occur initially (1 hr) and every month (~30 mins) to reinforce key areas of behavioral or environmental change. Samsung tablets are used initially and then monthly (x5) to record mealtimes in the home, and are reviewed by the volunteer with the family member at the monthly session to discuss areas where changes could be made.
Behavioral: Partners at Meals
The focus of the intervention is to facilitate meals using knowledge of the person with dementia's past history and lifelong preferences as well as their stage of disease, altering the behavior of the caregiver at meals to ameliorate dysfunctional behaviors, and altering the environment to make it more focused on the process of meals.
Other Name: PAM

Placebo Comparator: Enhanced Usual Condition (EUC)
In the non-treatment respite care centers, an Enhanced Usual Condition will be delivered to caregivers of People with Dementia (PWD). This program consists of enhanced training in caregiving using components from a module of the evidence-based Savvy Caregiver program (K. Hepburn) given in a group setting with opportunity for a question and answer period; the program is given for new enrollees and every 6 months. The PI (EJA), the nutritionist (KM) or the Program Manager (MCP) will lead these groups. Weight of the PWD is measured initially and monthly (x5); amount of food consumed will be measured using the Samsung tablets, also initially and monthly (x5).
Behavioral: Enhanced Usual Condition
Enhanced Usual Condition (EUC) Staff and volunteers at the EUC sites will receive training in communication between family and friends of the person with dementia. Following the general model of the Savvy Caregiver (Hepburn), communication training will occur every six months in these two sites. Families will be trained by project staff to record three meals including behavior at home each month. The Project Manager will attend the monthly support group for family members about communication. The administrator of the EUC RCC will be interviewed every 6 months the project is in place.
Other Name: EUC

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Weight maintenance [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ]
    Assessed by monthly weight in kilograms

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Persons with Dementia (PWD): aged ≥ 60 years; attending a participating respite care center (RCC) at least once/week; living with or within the same property as caregiver (CG); diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease or related dementia with mild to moderate stage as demonstrated by the Functional Assessment Staging Scale (FAST) of 5 or greater and a MMSE of 12 or above; absence of wasting disorders (e.g., HIV/AIDS, heart or renal failure or COPD, end-stage cancer) ; some supervision required or dysfunctional behavior present (e.g., redirection)
  • Caregiver (CG): lives with or on same property as the PWD; provides 4 hours or more of care/day; assists with ADLs including meals
  • Volunteer: present at the RCC at least weekly (at least 4 hours/week); identify as comfortable in the teacher/coach role, and demonstrate ability to use televideo and photograph.
  • Administrator: worked with the organization for at least 3 months and plans to be in place for at least 9 more months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Persons with Dementia (PWD): not receiving enteral feeding or active treatment by a speech pathologist/therapist; not diagnosed with dysphagia as identified by caregiver or on RCC Intake Sheet. Those enrolled in or qualifying for hospice will not be included.
  • Caregiver (CG); paid for services as caregiver; unable to speak or read English
  • Volunteer: unable to read and speak English
  • Administrator: plans to leave organization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03622814

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United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
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Principal Investigator: Teresa Kelechi MUSC College of Nursing
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Medical University of South Carolina Identifier: NCT03622814    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00064441
First Posted: August 9, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD will be shared with other investigators who have IRB approved studies; data will be anonymized.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Will be shared as approved by the MUSC IRB and from one year after the study closes to five years after the study closes or as long as the Principle Investigator(s) are employed by the University.
Access Criteria: Contact the PIs through the College of Nursing

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Medical University of South Carolina:
respite care
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Weight Loss
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Neurodegenerative Diseases