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ROS1 Targeting With Crizotinib in Advanced E-cadherin Negative, ER Positive Lobular Breast Cancer or Diffuse Gastric Cancer Study (ROLo)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03620643
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Pfizer
Breast Cancer Now
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out how effective the combination of crizotinib and fulvestrant is in shrinking lobular breast cancer tumours. The investigators will also be assessing the side effects of the combination of crizotinib tablets and fulvestrant injections. The side effects and the doses of crizotinib and fulvestrant have already been evaluated in large clinical trials, but this is the first time these two drugs will be combined together.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lobular Breast Carcinoma Gastric Cancer Drug: Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori] Drug: Fulvestrant 50 MG/ML Prefilled Syringe [Faslodex] Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This clinical study is looking at whether a drug called crizotinib, which is used in some patients with lung cancer, is effective in a sub-type of breast cancer, called lobular breast cancer. As the majority of lobular breast cancers are oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve), crizotinib will be combined with a second drug, fulvestrant, to try to block tumour growth that is driven by oestrogen.

Crizotinib targets cancers with genetic changes in two genes called ALK and ROS1. Lung cancers with changes in these genes usually get smaller when treated with crizotinib. Laboratory work at the Institute of Cancer Research has shown that lobular breast cancer cells, due to a mutation in a different gene called CDH1, appear to be similarly affected by crizotinib.

Fulvestrant is an oestrogen receptor down regulator and blocks the effects of oestrogen on oestrogen receptor positive (ER+ve) breast cancer cells. Fulvestrant is an established and approved anti-hormone therapy which patients with breast cancers are receiving in the clinic. It is possible that the combination of crizotinib and an anti-oestrogen agent will shrink the tumour(s) more effectively and prevent further growth. Because fulvestrant is only effective in post-menopausal women, if participants have not yet gone through the menopause, participants will need to start (or continue to receive) a monthly injection under the skin to temporarily stop the function of the participants ovaries to be eligible to take part in the trial.

This injection is called goserelin and has to be started at least 4 weeks before the first day of treatment on the trial.

The purpose of this study is to find out how effective the combination of crizotinib and fulvestrant is in shrinking lobular breast cancer tumours. The investigators will also be assessing the side effects of the combination of crizotinib tablets and fulvestrant injections. The side effects and the doses of crizotinib and fulvestrant have already been evaluated in large clinical trials, but this is the first time these two drugs will be combined together.

The overall aims of this clinical study are to find out:

  • The proportion of patients whose tumour(s) shrink when they are treated with crizotinib and fulvestrant
  • The safety and tolerability of fulvestrant in combination with crizotinib, to determine that they can be given together without unacceptable side effects
  • What the drugs do to the tumours, which will help us decide which patients may benefit from this combination in the future

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This multi-centre study design will aim to complete recruitment over 18 months from six high volume centres including the Royal Marsden. Parallel recruitment to breast and gastric cancer cohorts will take place for this study.
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Phase II Study of ROS1 Targeting With Crizotinib in Advanced E-cadherin Negative, ER Positive Lobular Breast Cancer or Diffuse Gastric Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : May 9, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 4, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 4, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori] monotherapy
Arm 1 - Gastric cancer cohort (n=29 participants) will be treated with monotherapy called Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori] (250 mg b.d) taken on a continuous dosing schedule. One treatment cycle for Crizotinib is 28 days long.
Drug: Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori]
Crizotinib 250 mg Crizotinib 200mg
Other Name: Xalkori

Active Comparator: Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori] plus Fulvestrant injection
Arm 2 - Lobular Breast Cancer cohort (n=29 participants) will be treated with combination therapy. The combination therapy includes; Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori] (250mg b.d.) plus Fulvestrant 50 mg/mL Prefilled Syringe [Faslodex] intramuscular (IM) injection (500 mg per 1 cycle (q28 days, plus loading dose on day 15).
Drug: Crizotinib Oral Capsule [Xalkori]
Crizotinib 250 mg Crizotinib 200mg
Other Name: Xalkori

Drug: Fulvestrant 50 MG/ML Prefilled Syringe [Faslodex]
Fulvestrant (Faslodex) is supplied as two 5-mL clear neutral glass (Type 1) barrels, each containing 250mg/5mL of fulvestrant solution for intramuscular injection and fitted with a tamper evident closure.
Other Name: Faslodex




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Objective Response Assessed Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Progressive Disease, assessed up to end of study (up to approximately 48 months) ]
    To assess confirmed response rate by RECIST 1.1 of crizotinib and fulvestrant in the breast cohort

  2. Percentage of Participants With Objective Response Assessed Using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to Progressive Disease, assessed up to end of study (up to approximately 48 months) ]
    To assess confirmed response rate by RECIST 1.1 of crizotinib monotherapy in the diffuse gastric cancer cohort


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious AEs (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to 90 days after last dose of study drug, assessed up to end of study (up to approximately 45 months) ]
    To assess the overall safety and tolerability of crizotinib with fulvestrant in the breast cancer cohort and as monotherapy in the gastric cancer cohort. Toxicity will be assessed by CTCAE (version 4) every 4 weeks during study treatment. Adverse events, including serious adverse events, will be recorded until 30 days after the last dose of study treatment with crizotinib.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS) Assessed Using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1) in both gastric and breast cancer cohorts [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to disease progression (PD) or death from any cause, assessed up to end of study (up to approximately 48 months) ]
    PFS is defined as the time from baseline treatment to the first occurrence of PD, as determined by the investigator using RECIST v1.1, or death from any cause during the study, whichever occurs first. PD is defined as greater than or equal to (>/=) 20 percent (%) relative increase and >/=5 millimeter (mm) of absolute increase in the sum of diameters (SD) of target lesions (TLs), taking as reference the smallest SD recorded since treatment started, or appearance of 1 or more new lesions.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically or Histological diagnosis of inoperable or metastatic diffuse gastric cancer or recurrent inoperable locally advanced ER positive/HER2 negative lobular breast cancer. Assessment of ER and HER2 status as per local assessment.
  • Previously treated with at least one prior line of therapy for advanced disease, but no more than three prior lines of chemotherapy for advanced disease. Patients with breast cancer must have received at least one prior line of hormone therapy for advanced disease
  • Measurable disease (RECIST 1.1)
  • Haematological and biochemical indices within the ranges shown in protocol. These measurements must be performed within one week (Day -7 to Day 1) before the patient goes in the trial.
  • Female patients with child-bearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of trial. Both male and female patients of reproductive potential must agree to use two forms of highly effective contraception (see below) for 2 weeks before starting the study treatment, throughout the treatment period and for 90 days after discontinuation of treatment with crizotinib and 6 months after the last dose of fulvestrant.

NOTE: it is only considered highly effective if the patient is refraining from sexual intercourse during the entire period of risk associated with the study treatments

The oral contraceptive pill may be ineffective when taken with crizotinib so is not an acceptable means of contraception for female patients during this study but can be used by female partners of male patients.

  • 18 years of age or over with written (signed and dated) informed consent and be capable of co-operating with treatment and follow-up.
  • World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status 0,1 or 2
  • Estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months in the opinion of the investigator
  • Pre-/peri-menopausal breast cancer patients must be willing to receive gosarelin injections every 28 days.
  • Signed and dated informed consent.
  • Patients willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Systemic chemotherapy or investigational medicinal products during the previous four weeks, or hormonal therapy within 7 days except luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues for ovarian suppression. Bisphosphonates or RANK ligand antagonists are permitted for the management of bone metastases.
  • Previous treatment with fulvestrant or any agent that inhibits ROS1
  • Mixed ductal/lobular breast cancer, unless both ductal and lobular components are CDH1 negative by local assessment
  • Major surgery (excluding minor procedures, e.g. placement of vascular access) within 4 weeks or radiation therapy within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Patients with known symptomatic brain metastases requiring steroids, untreated brain metastases or spinal cord compression
  • Any of the following within 12 months prior to study entry: myocardial infarction, uncontrolled angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack. Uncontrolled hypertension or cardiac dysrhythmia including atrial fibrillation.
  • QT interval, corrected >470 ms or the use of bradycardic agents, drugs which prolong the QT interval and/or anti-arrhythmic agents within 12 days before the first dose of crizotinib or during study treatment.
  • Use of drugs that are known potent cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inhibitors or moderate or strong CYP 3A4 inducers within 12 days before the first dose of crizotinib. Us of CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index (such as ciclosporin) is also not permitted within 12 days prior or during the study treatment.
  • Patients on warfarin. Patients requiring anticoagulation for rate-controlled AF or previous venous thromboembolism should be switched to low-molecular weight heparin.
  • Known HIV or AIDS-related illness, active infection requiring systemic therapy, or positive HBV or HCV test indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • Inability or unwillingness to swallow pills, or (for patients receiving fulvestrant) receive IM injections.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical condition or psychiatric condition, recent or active suicidal ideation or behaviour, or end stage renal disease on haemodialysis, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational products administration or may interfere with the interpretation of results and, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate study entry.
  • Persisting toxicity related to prior therapy >Grade 1 (except for stable peripheral neuropathy grade ≤2 or alopecia grade ≤2).
  • Pregnancy or lactation.
  • Diagnosis of other malignancy within 5 years, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix, or low-grade (Gleason ≤6) prostate cancer.
  • Is a participant or plans to participate in another interventional clinical trial, whilst taking part in this study. Participation in an observational trial would be acceptable.
  • Immunocompromised status due to current known active infection with HIV or due to the use of immunosuppressive therapies for other conditions
  • Known prior or suspected hypersensitivity to investigational products or to any of the excipients.
  • Patients at risk for gastrointestinal perforation (due to e.g., history of diverticulitis).
  • Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the patient a good candidate for the clinical trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03620643


Contacts
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Contact: Hanh Nguyen 0208 915 ext 6506 ROLO.trial@rmh.nhs.uk
Contact: Alicia Okines 0207 352 ext 2751 Alicia.Okines@rmh.nhs.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, SW3 6JJ
Contact: Alicia Okines    0207 352 8171    Alicia.Okines@rmh.nhs.uk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Pfizer
Breast Cancer Now

Publications:
Lauren Christine Harshman, K.P.G., Laura Polacek, Mary-Ellen Taplin, Atish Dipankar Choudhury, Mark M Pomerantz, Joaquim Bellmunt, Channing Yu, Zijie Sun, Sandy Srinivas, Philip W. Kantoff, Christopher Sweeney. An investigator-initiated phase I study of crizotinib in combination with enzalutamide in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) before or after progression on docetaxel. in ASCO Annual Meeting. 2016. Chicago: J Clin Oncol.
E. L. Kwak, D.R.C., J. Clark, G. I. Shapiro, R. G. Maki, M. J. Ratain, B. Solomon, Y. Bang, S. Ou, R. Salgia. Clinical activity observed in a phase I dose escalation trial of an oral c-met and ALK inhibitor, PF-02341066. in ASCO Annual Meeting. 2009. J Clin Oncol.

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Responsible Party: Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03620643     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCR4684
First Posted: August 8, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 3, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust:
Advanced E-cadherin negative gastric cancer
Oestrogen receptor positive lobular breast cancer
Crizotinib
Fulvestrant
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Crizotinib
Breast Neoplasms
Stomach Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Lobular
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, and Medullary
Fulvestrant
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action