Effects of Abatacept on Myocarditis in Rheumatoid Arthritis (AMiRA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03619876|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Rheumatoid Arthritis Myocardial Inflammation||Drug: Abatacept Drug: Adalimumab||Phase 4|
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that affects ~1% of the population. Regardless of the novel therapies developed in the last decades, studies report an increased standard mortality ratio as high as 3.0 when compared with the general population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in RA subjects in whom the average lifespan is reduced by 8-15 years compared to matched controls. RA patients are at increased risk for developing heart failure and inflammatory myocarditis potentially contributes to this excess risk. Although subclinical myocarditis remains poorly characterized to date in RA, costimulatory molecules such as CD80/86 (B7s) and CD40 are known to play a pivotal role for cytokine production and antigen-specific T cell activation in viral myocarditis, and in murine models, blocking CD40L/B7-1 and CTLA4 significantly decreases myocardial inflammation, damage, and mortality. In addition, the recent increase in the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of numerous cancers, has raised awareness of the occurrence of fulminant autoimmune lymphocytic myocarditis as a complication of these drugs including anti-CTLA4 due to a presumed uncontrolled immune response resulting in T-cell mediated myocardial injury. Interestingly, pilot data showed lower myocardial FDG uptake in RA patients on the a CTLA4-Ig fusion protein abatacept compared with other DMARDs. These data raise the possibility of immunotherapy for the treatment of myocarditis in RA, suggesting a role for T cell infiltration in its pathogenesis, and a particular benefit for treatment with abatacept vs non-abatacept biologic DMARDs.
In a single RHeumatoid arthritis studY of THe Myocardium (RHYTHM study), a total of 119 RA patients without clinical CVD underwent cardiac FDG-PET/CT, with myocardial inflammation assessed qualitatively and quantitatively by visual inspection and by calculation of the standardized-uptake-value (SUV) units. Qualitative myocardial FDG uptake was observed in 39% of the patients. Animal data showing decreased myocardial inflammation, damage, and mortality, and improved cardiac function with CD40L/B7-1 and CTLA4 blockage, coupled with preliminary findings of lower myocardial inflammation in RA patients on abatacept vs other DMARDs, suggest that abatacept treatment has potential myocardial benefits. In RA patients, the proportion of peripheral T cell subsets significantly differs from normal controls and include differentiation to memory effector subsets, acquisition of NK receptors, exhaustion markers, and enhanced inflammatory cytokine expression. Importantly, T cell lymphocytic infiltration described in autoimmune myocarditis resulting as a complication of CTLA4 immune checkpoint inhibition, suggests a role for T cell subsets in the pathogenesis of myocarditis in RA with potential differences depending on mechanism of action of the DMARD in use. Studies that investigate the impact of treatment on subclinical myocarditis in RA, a possible contributor to heart failure, while exploring potential underlying mechanisms (i.e., different T cell subpopulations), are needed for a better understanding of their relevance in the pathogenesis of heart failure in RA and survival improvement in these patients with excess risk for cardiovascular death. If the investigator hypothesis is confirmed and treatment with abatacept decreases and/or suppresses or prevents myocardial inflammation in RA, this will have multidisciplinary implications that could lead to changes in the current management of RA patients at high risk for cardiovascular events. Similarly, identification of T cell subpopulations in RA patients with myocardial FDG uptake will shed light into the underlying cellular mechanisms of myocardial injury and serve to guide the use of therapies that prevent their pathogenicity.
This is a single-center study. Twenty RA patients will be recruited over a planned recruitment period of 24 months, and randomized with aims of enrolling 10 patients per year, the enrollment rate is estimated as 1 patient per month. The target population consists of patients who are deemed methotrexate-inadequate responders by the patient's treating rheumatologist, and who have not yet stepped up to additional treatment with a biologic DMARD.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||20 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||RA patients will be randomized in an unblinded, 1:1 ratio to treatment with abatacept vs adalimumab. A cardiac FDG PET/CT will be performed at baseline and 16(±2) weeks post-biologic treatment. T cell subpopulations associated with myocardial FDG uptake will be evaluated at both points in time with their transcriptional phenotype outlined by RNAseq.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Masking Description:||Unblinded- open label|
|Official Title:||Effects of Abatacept on Myocarditis in Rheumatoid Arthritis|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||June 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 2021|
Active Comparator: Non-TNF inhibitor arm
Treatment with abatacept will consist of weekly subcutaneous (SQ) injections at a dose of 125mg.
125 MG/ML subcutaneous injections
Other Name: Orencia
Active Comparator: TNF inhibitor arm
Treatment with a adalimumab, as the TNF-inhibitor arm, will consist of every 2 weeks SQ injections at a dose of 40mg.
40 Mg/0.8 mL Subcutaneous Kit
Other Name: Humira
- Change in myocardial FDG uptake in RA patients treated with abatacept vs adalimumab. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks from BL-randomization ]Using FDG PET cardiac imaging to identify myocardial inflammation at baseline and post-treatment, the study will quantitatively compare the change in myocardial FDG uptake in biologic naïve RA patients without clinical CVD and with inadequate methotrexate response, following randomization to 16-week treatment with abatacept vs the TNF-inhibitor adalimumab. Conventional CVD risk factors and measures of RA disease activity and severity will be ascertained.
- Prevalence of T cell subpopulations associated with myocardial FDG uptake in RA patients treated with abatacept vs adalimumab. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 16 weeks from BL-randomization ]This is to test whether elevations in different T cell subsets are associated with myocardial FDG uptake in RA patients treated with abatacept vs adalimumab. Subsequently, the transcriptional phenotype of candidate subpopulations.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03619876
|Contact: Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, MDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Christopher Dependerfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, New York|
|Columbia University Medical Center||Not yet recruiting|
|New York, New York, United States, 10023|
|Contact: Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, MD||CUMC|