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Trial record 2 of 24 for:    Recruiting Studies | Adolescent Scoliosis

Ergonomic Brace Wear for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03617120
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Innovation and Technology Commission, Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joanne Yip, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Brief Summary:

This study assesses the effectiveness of a new scoliosis brace design for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, named Ergonomic Brace, by comparing the outcome with hard brace in terms of three aspects:

  1. To assess the efficacy in spinal correction
  2. To evaluate the improvement made to the body appearance of AIS subjects
  3. To evaluate the impacts on the quality of life (QoL) of AIS subjects

All participants will be fitted with an Ergonomic Brace and required to wear it during the days of experiment only. The ongoing treatment with hard brace will not be substituted with the Ergonomic Brace, unless its immediate treatment effect is equivalent to hard brace and with approval from the doctor.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Device: Ergonomic Brace vs hard brace Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
  1. To assess the efficacy in spinal correction

    The efficacy of the Ergonomic Brace refers to the magnitude of spinal correction that could be obtained for patients with AIS. The assessments in this study focus on two aspects, which are i) the in-brace correction and ii) the interface pressure. In-brace correction is used to judge the quality of bracing and also a prognostic indicator for the long-term treatment outcome. Clinical parameters such as Cobb angle, vertebral rotation and trunk listing will be measured with radiographs by a single observer. Interface pressure in this study refers to the pressure between the brace and the trunk of subject. The purpose is to assess the time response of trunk to the intervention of the Ergonomic Brace, and correlation will also be made with the extent of spinal correction.

  2. To evaluate the improvement made to the body appearance of AIS subjects

    The trunk aesthetic profile of AIS subjects are being affected by spinal deformities. Surface topography of the subjects will be captured by 3D body scanner, and followed by the evaluation of body aesthetics through the trunk asymmetry scales called POTSI and ATSI index. The purpose is to compare the surface topography change before and after wearing the Ergonomic Brace.

  3. To evaluate the impacts on the QoL of AIS subjects

Bracing can negatively affect the QoL of patients with AIS. The Chinese version of Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) will be adopted in this study to compare the impact of hard brace and Ergonomic Brace on the QoL of AIS subjects. Difficulties experienced by AIS subjects during bracing will be highlighted and used for future improvements in scoliosis brace design.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Ergonomic Brace Wear for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Actual Study Start Date : August 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ergonomics Scoliosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ergonomic Brace vs hard brace

Ergonomic Brace is a new design of scoliosis brace, which consists of a knit bodice as base and also resin bones, paddings, straps and a pelvic belt as auxiliaries for spinal correction. The purpose of the bones is to keep the posture of patient upright. Paddings are placed at the convex regions of the spine while straps are used to input directional force onto the paddings. Pelvic belt, on the other hand, is for stabilizing the pelvis in order to achieve an effective spinal correction. The biomechanical principles for the correction of spine has considered both the frontal and sagittal planes, where the overall brace mechanism follows the Rigo classification.

Hard brace is the brace which the participants are currently using for their ongoing conservative treatment.

Device: Ergonomic Brace vs hard brace

Visit 1:

  1. Usual check-up: standing in-brace radiograph of hard brace and doctor consultation
  2. Pressure measurement of participant wearing their hard brace

Visit 2:

  1. Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) for hard brace; Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS)
  2. 3D body scanning (before wearing the Ergonomic Brace)
  3. Fitting of the Ergonomic Brace
  4. Pressure measurement of participant wearing the Ergonomic Brace (instant)
  5. Pressure measurement of participant wearing the Ergonomic Brace (after 2 hours)
  6. 3D body scanning (after wearing the Ergonomic Brace for 2 hours)
  7. Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) for the Ergonomic Brace

Visit 3:

  1. Standing in-brace radiograph of the Ergonomic Brace
  2. Doctor consultation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immediate in-brace correction of spinal curve [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]
    Cobb angle: more than/equal to 40% correction (lumbar/thoracolumbar curve); slightly less than/close to 40% correction (thoracic curve)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immediate in-brace correction of vertebral rotation assessed by the Global Torsion Index [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]

    Global torsion index: to quantify detorsion by averaging the 17 segmental rotations of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

    • Higher index score = the average segmental rotations of the 17 vertebrae is higher;
    • Lower index score = the average segmental rotations of the 17 vertebrae is lower

    The global torsion index which result from wearing the Ergonomic Brace will be compared with which of hard brace. A higher/similar detorsion percentage as hard brace is considered satisfactory.


  2. Immediate in-brace correction of trunk listing assessed by the plumb line method [ Time Frame: 2 hours ]

    Plumb line method: to assess the coronal and sagittal balance by drawing a vertical line from the mid-point of the C7 vertebra down to the sacrum

    • Positive balance: the plumb line passes more than 2 cm in front of the posterosuperior corner of the S1 vertebral body
    • Neutral balance: the plumb line passes within 2 cm of the posterosuperior corner of the S1 vertebral body
    • Negative balance: the plumb line passes more than 2 cm behind the posterosuperior corner of the S1 vertebral body

    Measurement of trunk listing is significant in the treatment of scoliosis curve, as it is related to the trunk aesthetic profile of the subjects, and besides, sagittal balance of the spine and pelvis is correlated with the progression of scoliosis. An improvement in the coronal and sagittal balance of spine resulting from wearing the Ergonomic Brace is therefore considered satisfactory.


  3. Improvement in trunk asymmetry assessed by the POTSI index [ Time Frame: 0 and 6 month ]

    Posterior Trunk Symmetry Index (POTSI): to compare the surface topography change before and after wearing the Ergonomic Brace POTSI index: a parameter used for assessing the trunk asymmetry and deformity in the coronal plane All measurements will be performed on the 3D surface topography scans. Ideal value of POTSI is zero, meaning full asymmetry of the posterior and anterior trunk respectively.

    Normal value of POTSI should lie below 27. The performance of the Ergonomic Brace in terms of improving the trunk asymmetry of participants is considered effective when the index is scored within normal value (i.e. 0-27).


  4. Improvement in trunk asymmetry assessed by the ATSI index [ Time Frame: 0 and 6 month ]
    Anterior Trunk Symmetry Index (ASTI): to compare the surface topography change before and after wearing the Ergonomic Brace ATSI index: a parameter used for assessing the trunk asymmetry and deformity in the frontal plane All measurements will be performed on the 3D surface topography scans. Ideal value of ATSI is zero, meaning full asymmetry of the posterior and anterior trunk respectively. Normal value, on the other hand, should lie below 27 for each index. The performance of the Ergonomic Brace in terms of improving the trunk asymmetry of participants is considered effective when the index is scored within normal value (i.e. 0-27).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 10 or older when brace is prescribed
  • Risser 0 to 2
  • Primary curve angles 25° to 40°
  • Female, who were either pre-menarche or less than 1 year of post-menarche
  • Undergoing hard brace treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Low risk of curve progression
  • Non-idiopathic scoliosis (e.g. congenital, neuromuscular deformities)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03617120


Contacts
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Contact: Joanne Yip (852) 2766 4848 joanne.yip@polyu.edu.hk

Locations
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Hong Kong
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Recruiting
Tsim Sha Tsui, Kolwoon, Hong Kong, 00852
Contact: Joanne Yip, PhD    85227664848    joanne.yip@polyu.edu.hk   
Contact: Kit Yick, PhD    85227666551    tcyick@polyu.edu.hk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Innovation and Technology Commission, Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Joanne Yip The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

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Responsible Party: Joanne Yip, Assistant Professor, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03617120     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ITS/297/16
First Posted: August 6, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Joanne Yip, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University:
Scoliosis brace
Conventional treatment for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
In-brace correction
Trunk listing
Vertebral rotation
Interface pressure
3D body scanning
Surface topography
Trunk asymmetry
Quality of Life

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Scoliosis
Spinal Curvatures
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases