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Effects of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) on Gait Biomechanics in Parkinson's Disease ((OMT/PD))

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03616145
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 5, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hollis King, University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder that puts individuals at high risk for injuries and long-term disabilities as a result of a fall or other trauma. Injuries sustained from falls account for many deaths as well as thousands of hospital admissions and nursing home stays every month. Quality of life and even longevity itself is reduced due to the resulting surgeries, immobility, complications and even cognitive impairments that can follow. The proposed study will explore beneficial impact of a treatment modality (OMM/OMT) that may significantly reduce the morbidity of this condition by comparing 6 weeks of OMT versus 6 weeks light touch intervention versus 6 weeks care as usual to improve gait in individuals with PD. Gait will be measured at mid-treatment, post-treatment and 4-week follow-up.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson Disease Procedure: Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) Other: Light Touch Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 94 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The overall design proposed in this study is a randomized, placebo controlled, single-blind controlled trial. Data will be collected in this developmental study to assess potential differences in gait, balance, and quality of life of patients in the intervention arm (6-week OMT intervention coupled with standard of care (SOC) versus the light touch comparator arm (6-week light touch coupled with SOC) versus the non-intervention control arm (SOC alone).
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Blinding. The PI, statistician, recruitment personnel, research assistants conducting the assessment sessions, and data entry/verification clerks will be blind to participant's group assignment until data is unlocked at the end of the study. Only the Project Manager who will develop and oversee the randomization procedure, prepare progress reports, and inform participants of their treatment condition will be unblinded.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) on Gait Biomechanics in Parkinson's Disease (OMT/PD)
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT)
Participants assigned to the OMT arm will receive 6 weekly sessions. The provider will perform the following 14 osteopathic procedures 1) lateral (and anteroposterior) translation of vertebrae in the thoracic/lumbar spine; 2) active myofascial stretch to the thoracic spine; 3) occipito-atlanto release; 4) translation of cervical spine; 5) muscle energy techniques of the cervical spine; 6) Spencer technique applied to the shoulder bilaterally; 7) supination/pronation of the forearm; 8) circumduction of the wrist; 9) sacroiliac joint gapping; 10) muscle energy technique applied to adductor muscles of lower extremity; 11) psoas muscle energy technique; 12) hamstring muscle energy technique; 13) articulatory technique applied to the ankle; 14) and muscle energy technique applied to the ankle in dorsi and plantar flexion. Further, each subject will receive cranial assessment and treatment emphasizing the venous sinus techniques and compression of the fourth ventricle (CV-4).
Procedure: Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT)
Experimental Condition

Sham Comparator: Light Touch
Participants assigned to the light touch comparator arm will receive 30 minutes of light touch procedures designed to be credible but minimally effective. The procedures for the light touch arm are adapted from the methodology established in the North Texas Chronic Low Back Pain Trial, and have been used successfully by the PI as a comparator arm numerous times in the past (e.g., in the OSTEPAThic Trial). Subjects assigned to receive light touch will be treated in positions similar to subjects receiving OMT. Light touch will target each of the 15+ anatomic regions for approximately 1 ½ to 2 minutes each to appropriately control for time, attention, and physical contact. Light touch hand placement will be over the same areas of the body contacted in the OMT protocol, but involve virtually no motion of a meaningful nature, such a range of motion testing which could have therapeutic effect.
Other: Light Touch
Comparator Arm

No Intervention: Standard of Care Only
Subjects will continue their usual care and will visit the UCSD for the 4 assessment sessions only, during their course of study participation.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Gait [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    Gait analysis will be conducted using the Timed Up and Go while wearing the LEGsys+ system. The Legsys body worn sensor system utilizes state-of-the-art camera-based motion capture allowing measurement of advanced gait parameters including stride duration and length, step length, speed, cadence, sagittal plane knee and hip angles, and superior-inferior and medial-lateral pelvis movement, as well as a fall risk assessment.

  2. Change in Balance [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    Balance will be measured via the NeuroCom SMART EquiTest system, which enables enables the isolation and assessment of the sensory and muscular components of balance.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Cognition [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) will be administered as a measure of general cognition and will be used as a covariate in the statistical analyses (please see Data Analysis section below). The MoCA is a suitably accurate, brief (10-minute) test of cognitive impairment in PD and has established cut-offs for both MCI and PDD.

  2. Change in PD-Related Health Status [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) is a self-report measure of health status (HS), which is considered different than QoL in that it does not ask for perceptions, judgments or reactions. It consists of 39 questions rated by the subject on a five-item likert scale (Never, Occasionally, Sometimes, Often, or Always) and takes approximately 10 minutes to complete. From these questions, eight subscale (Mobility, Activities of Daily Living, Emotional Well-Being, Stigma, Social Support, Cognition, Communications, and Bodily Discomfort) scores are derived by summing the item scores for each subscale, dividing the sum by the highest possible score for that subscale and then multiplying this number by 100. Higher scores correspond to worse HS.

  3. Change in Depressed Mood [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is a self report questionnaire comprised of 30 yes or no questions used to identify depression in the elderly. Total scores range from 0 to 30 where higher scores reflect more severe depression 11 .

  4. Change in Motor Skills [ Time Frame: 0 weeks, 6 weeks, and 10 weeks ]
    The Movement Disorder Society-The Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale (MDS- UPDRS Part Three). For this assessment participants go through a series of tasks designed to assess various motor characteristics such as speech, facial expression, rigidity, finger tapping, hand movements, toe tapping, freezing of gait, etc. All scores for each component range from 0 to 4 and summed for a grand total 4

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age > 18 years.
  2. Ambulatory without use of assistive device.
  3. Fluency in written and spoken English.
  4. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score > or = 17.
  5. Stages 1 - 4 Parkinson's Disease diagnosis as measured by the Unified Parkinson's disease rating scale.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Currently enrolled in another clinical trial.
  2. Current taking PD medications co-morbid conditions such as pseudobulbar palsy or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis which may have musculoskeletal effects.
  3. Individuals with current fractures, tumors, wounds.
  4. Any lifetime Deep Brain Stimulation implant surgery.
  5. Recent surgeries, eg., within past 90 days.
  6. Patients who have experienced hospitalization due to a fall within the past 12 months.
  7. Gait abnormalities other than Parkinson's disease.
  8. Received OMT or another forms of manipulative therapy within the past two months.
  9. Stage 5 Parkinson's Disease diagnosis per as measured by the Unified Parkinson's disease rating scale.
  10. Other co-morbid conditions that in the opinion of the PI would interfere with participation in this study.
  11. Diagnosis of psychosis or dementia (MoCA, DRS or other indication in eMR).
  12. Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03616145

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United States, California
University of California, San Diego
La Jolla, California, United States, 92093
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Diego
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Responsible Party: Hollis King, Clinical Professor, University of California, San Diego Identifier: NCT03616145    
Other Study ID Numbers: 13517128719
First Posted: August 6, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 5, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Hollis King, University of California, San Diego:
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases