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CLUSTER-HF: Lung Ultrasound Guided Therapy in Heart Failure (CLUSTER-HF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03613779
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diego Araiza-Garaygordobil, Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez

Brief Summary:

Introduction: Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization among adults >65 years of age. Discharge from a heart failure hospitalization is followed by a 30 day readmission rate of ≈24%. Readmissions for heart failure are typically preceded by a gradual rise in ventricular filling pressures that begins days or weeks before any detectable changes in clinical status.

Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a tool that is easily available at bedside and shows superior sensitivity for the detection of pulmonary congestion when compared with X ray or physical examination, even in the absence of symptoms.

Pulmonary congestion assessed by LUS identifies a subgroup with worse prognosis and a higher rate of readmission and mortality. Whether the implementation of lung ultrasound in the follow up of heart failure patients may reduce the rate of readmissions is unknown.

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate a protocol of lung ultrasound guided therapy to prevent readmissions in heart failure outpatients.

Study design: the design of the investigator's study is a single center, single blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial.

Eligibility criteria: patients older than 18 years of age, who have been hospitalized for an acute heart failure syndrome. Exclusion criteria are life expectancy of less than 6 months, a surgically correctable cause of heart failure or uninterpretable lung ultrasound.

Eligible patients will be randomized into either "LUS-guided therapy group" or "control group" at hospital discharge. Follow-up visits will be scheduled at 15 days, 45 days, 3 months and 6 months after hospital discharge. LUS will be performed in all patients at hospital discharge and in every follow-up visit, but only in those allocated to the "LUS-guided therapy group" the information will be provided to the treating physician.

In the "LUS-guided therapy group", a prespecified diuretic dose will be administered to patients depending on the degree of ultrasonographic pulmonary congestion: if congestive (3 or more B lines, in total) a high dose (80-120mg furosemide PO/day) will be prescribed; if no congestive (less than 3 B lines, in total) a low dose (up to 40mg PO/day) will be prescribed.

Primary outcome will be the composite of hospital readmission + mortality. This study complies with the Declaration of Helsinki and the study protocol is being evaluated by the Ethic Committee of our institution.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Combination Product: LUS-guided therapy Other: Standard of Care Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Lung Ultrasound Guided Therapy to Prevent Rehospitalizations in Heart Failure (CLUSTER-HF): a Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : April 10, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 6, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : December 7, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: LUS-guided therapy group

LUS-guided therapy group. Patients randomly allocated to this arm will receive standard of care + LUS examination accessible to treating physician in every visit. Depending on the results of LUS examination, a low dose or high dose of diuretics will be administered.

A standardized algorithm will be provided to ensure compliance to guideline-recommended medical therapy for heart failure.

Combination Product: LUS-guided therapy
Lung ultrasound guided therapy; if pulmonary congestion (more or equal than 3 B-lines), high dose (80-120mg PO/day furosemide) will be prescribed until next follow up re-assessment. If no congestion (less than 3 B-lines), low dose (0-40mg PO/day furosemide) will be prescribed until next follow up re-assessment

Other: Standard of Care
Standard of care will be provided.

Active Comparator: Control group.

Control group. Patients randomly allocated to this arm will receive standard of care + LUS examination blinded to the treating physician in every visit. Diuretic titration will be based on standard practice (physical examination, symptoms and lab results).

A standardized algorithm will be provided to ensure compliance to guideline-recommended medical therapy for heart failure.

Other: Standard of Care
Standard of care will be provided.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients with the composite outcome of hospital readmission + mortality. [ Time Frame: 6 months. ]
    Hospital readmission: urgent hospital non scheduled visit and stay of more than 24 hours, requiring medical interventions. Mortality: patient's death.

  2. Number of patients with the composite outcome of hospital readmission + mortality + urgent visits for worsening HF [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Hospital readmission: urgent hospital non scheduled visit and stay of more than 24 hours, requiring medical interventions. Mortality: patient's death. Urgent visits for worsening HF: non-scheduled visit to day care or ED that prompted increased oral / IV therapy, less than 24 hours stay.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of life measured by kansas city cardiomyopathy questionnaire (KCCQ) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Quality of life at 6 months assessed by KCCQ

  2. NTproBNP concentrations [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    NTproBNP concentrations and change by last visit



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients admitted to the hospital with the primary or secondary diagnosis of heart failure
  • The intra-hospital stay extends for at least 24 hours.
  • The patient shows new symptoms (or worsening of known symptoms) due to the presentation of heart failure, including at least one of the following: dyspnea (dyspnea at rest, at exertion, orthopnea, nocturnal paroxysmal dyspnea), decreased exercise capacity, fatigue or other symptoms of target organ hypoperfusion or volume overload.
  • The patient has at least two physical examination findings; or at least one finding to the physical examination and at least one complementary criterion, including: physical examination findings that are considered to be due to heart failure (peripheral edema, increase in the abdominal perimeter or ascites in the absence of primary liver disease, signs of pulmonary congestion including crackles, subcrepitant rales or decrease in vesicular murmur, increase in jugular venous pressure and / or hepatojugular reflux, gallop by third sound (S3) or rapid weight gain, clinically significant, attributed to water retention); and/or complementary findings that are considered to be due to heart failure, including Increase in levels of N-terminal-pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) compatible with decompensation of heart failure (> 2,000 pg / mL), radiographic evidence of pulmonary congestion, or invasive or non-invasive evidence of significant increase in ventricular filling pressures or decreased cardiac output.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non interpretable lung ultrasound imaging or false positive findings (chronic lung interstitial disease, pneumonia, large pleural effusion).
  • Lack of willing to provide informed consent
  • Life expectancy lesser than 6 months
  • Surgically correctable cause of heart failure (aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation, multi-vessel coronary artery disease).
  • Chronic kidney injury with an estimated or measured creatinine clearance rate lower than 15ml/min/1.73m2.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03613779


Locations
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Mexico
Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chavez"
Mexico City, Mexico, 14030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Diego Araiza-Garaygordobil, MD Instituto Nacional de Cardiología "Ignacio Chavez"
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Responsible Party: Diego Araiza-Garaygordobil, Principal Investigator, Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03613779    
Other Study ID Numbers: PT-18-078
First Posted: August 3, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Second semester or 2020
Access Criteria: Via direct PI contact

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Diego Araiza-Garaygordobil, Instituto Nacional de Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez:
Lung ultrasound
Heart failure
Management
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases