Integrating Mindfulness Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home (Phase 3) (MINDFUL-PC-3)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03609450|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (COVID-19 Pandemic)
First Posted : August 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Depression Anxiety Disorders Stress Related Disorder Adjustment Disorders Chronic Illness||Behavioral: Mindfulness Training for Primary Care Behavioral: Low-Dose Comparator||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||96 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Two arms, intervention and low-dose comparator, which are randomly assigned at the same time and are implemented in parallel.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Mindfulness Influences on Self-regulation: Mental and Physical Health Implications -- Integrating Mindfulness Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home (Phase 3)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 30, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 15, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 1, 2020|
Active Comparator: Mindfulness Training for Primary Care
Mindfulness Training for Primary Care (MTPC) is a primary care adaptation that includes core common Mindfulness-Based Intervention (MBI) elements integrated with novel mindfulness-oriented behavior change elements into a format that is adaptable to delivery in primary care health centers.
Behavioral: Mindfulness Training for Primary Care
MTPC is a referral-based, insurance-reimbursable 8-week program delivered as group psychotherapy by Patient-Centered Medical Home-integrated behavioral clinicians or as an 8-week primary care group visit delivered by a primary care provider. MTPC groups are 2 hours for 8 weeks with a 7-hour weekend day of silent practice. MTPC emphasizes mindfulness-oriented skills for self-regulation, self-management of chronic illness, and health behavior change. All participants complete an action plan during Week 7. Participants are called every two weeks for the first eight weeks for 5-10 minute engagement calls which focus helping participants cultivate a relationship with study staff, giving participants a place to ask questions, and supporting participants in completing study visits.
Comparator arm: Participants receive a 60-minute introduction to mindfulness group plus referral to a list of community mindfulness resources such as private-pay community mindfulness classes, mobile mindfulness applications, books, and online recordings. These participants are added to a 6-month wait-list for a Cambridge Health Alliance mindfulness-based intervention group, but are allowed to receive behavioral, psychiatric, and medical treatments that are consistent with treatment as usual. All participants complete an action planning protocol during Week 7.
Behavioral: Low-Dose Comparator
Participants in the low-dose comparator arm receive a 60-minute introduction to mindfulness. Participants are introduced to the definition(s) of mindfulness, brief mindfulness practices, and discussion. They are also given a list of leading community, online, print, and smartphone mindfulness resources. Participants are called every two weeks for the first eight weeks for 5-10 minute engagement calls which focus helping participants cultivate a relationship with study staff, giving participants a place to ask questions, and supporting participants in completing study visits.
- Difficulty in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation (DERS) Scale is a 36-item self-report scale designed to assess emotional dysregulation using a 5 point Likert scale. The scale assesses 6 aspects of emotional dysregulation: non-acceptance of emotional responses, difficulties engaging in goal directed behavior, impulse control difficulties, lack of emotional awareness, limited access to emotion regulation strategies, and lack of emotional clarity. Subscales are summed and a lower total score represents a better outcome.
- Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) is a 32-item self-report scale designed to assess multiple aspects of interoception and interoceptive awareness. The 6 point Likert scale (ranging from 0-6) assesses 8 aspects of interoceptive awareness: noticing, not-distracting, not-worrying, attention regulation, emotional awareness, self-regulation, body listening, and trusting. Subscales are averaged, and a higher total score represents a better outcome.
- Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]Participants complete a computerized test measuring sustained attention and response inhibition. They are asked to press a key in response to rapidly displayed integers (1-9) and withhold a response to a designated "no-go" integer.
- Action Plan Initiation Survey (APIS-5) [ Time Frame: Weeks 8 - 10 ]Patient self-reported Action Plan Initiation is based on two-item in the APIS-5 self-report survey in which patients are asked to list their action plan SMART goal, if they met the goal and how much control they had over meeting the goal. The main outcome is a single-item response determining whether they met or did not meet the goal using a 7-point Likert scale (ranging from 1-7) with scores >=5 representing self-reported initiation of the goal.
- Hypothetical Delay Discounting Task (HDDT) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]This is a brief delay discounting task performed on a computer that presents a series of 5 discrete choice questions between delayed larger reward and smaller sooner reward in dollars.
- Heart Beat Detection Task (HBDT) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]This is a behavioral measure of interoceptive awareness. Participants are asked to count their heartbeat during three varying time intervals ranging from 30 to 60 seconds. In parallel, individuals' heart-rate will be measured by Kardia Mobile technology.
- Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14) (14 items) measures the degree to which situations in life are stressful. Items are designed to evaluate how overloaded, unpredictable, and uncontrollable one finds one's life. Each item is scored on a 5 point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Very often).
- Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a 39-item scale that examines five factors that represent aspects of the current empirical conception of mindfulness. These five facets include: "observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience." Participants rate their degree of agreement with each of the items on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (Never or very rarely true) to 5 (Very often or always true), with higher scores indicating higher experience of mindfulness.
- Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form (SCS-SF) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The short-form Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-SF) is an abbreviated 12-item form of the original 26-item Self-Compassion Scale. The scale is scored on a 5 point Likert scale (1 = Almost never; 5 = Almost always), and negative subscale items are reverse scored.
- Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease (SECD-6) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale (SECD-6) is a 6-item scale that is used to evaluate a participant's ability to self-manage care for a chronic disease. SECD-6 asks participants to rate their confidence in their own ability to do certain activities, on a scale from 1 (not at all confident) to 10 (totally confident).
- Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System - Anxiety Short Form (PROMIS-ASF) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System - Anxiety Short Form 8a (PROMIS-ASF) is an 8-item scale used to assess patient-reported health status for anxiety. PROMIS instruments are funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and used to reliably and validly measure patient-reported outcomes for clinical research and practice. Participants are asked to rate their experience of the item in the past seven days on a 5-point scale from 1 (Never) to 5 (Always).
- Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System - Depression Short Form (PROMIS-DSF) [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]The Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System - Depression Short Form 8a (PROMIS-DSF) is an 8-item scale used to assess patient-reported health status for depression. PROMIS instruments are funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and used to reliably and validly measure patient-reported outcomes for clinical research and practice. Participants are asked to rate their experience of the item in the past seven days on a 5-point scale from 1 (Never) to 5 (Always).
- Three Factor Eating Questionnaire -Revised 18 (TFEQ-R18) emotional eating subscale [ Time Frame: Week 8 ]
The Three Factor Eating Questionnaire is an 18-item scale measuring eating behavior with 4-point Likert scale (1-4). The questionnaire refers to current dietary practice and measures three different aspects of eating-related behavior: cognitive restraint of eating (CR: 6 items), uncontrolled eating (UE: 9 items) and emotional eating (EE: 3 items). Each score ranges from 0 to 100, with higher score and this study is primarily investigating emotional and uncontrolled eating subscales.
indicative of greater level in the eating behavior of interest.
- Food, Activity, and Sleep Tracking (FAST) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Weeks 7-8 ]The Food, Activity, and Sleep Tracking (FAST) is a questionnaire with responsive logic, including up to 45-items. The questionnaire assesses daily sleep behavior, daily activity and exercise, and daily nutritional intake, using validated items from the National Cancer Institute (ASA-24) and National Sleep Foundation Sleep diary. Responses to individual items will be tracked daily and increases in health-promoting activity and decreases in harmful behavior will represent a better outcome.
- Mobile Device Accelerometer-Based Activity [ Time Frame: Weeks 7-8 ]Mobile device activity tracking with accelerometry, measuring overall activity, median daily activity count, and minutes of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03609450
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Cambridge Health Alliance|
|Somerville, Massachusetts, United States, 02143|
|Principal Investigator:||Zev Schuman-Olivier, MD||Cambridge Health Alliance|