Association Between Autism and Iron Deficiency
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03601468|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2018
|Condition or disease|
|Autism in Children|
Autism is a behaviorally defined complex neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by impairments in social communication, by the presence of restricted and repetitive behaviors, interests and activities, and by abnormalities in sensory reactivity.
Autism is a severe, life-long developmental disorder that compromises functioning across multiple domains including social behavior, language, sensory function, and ritualistic/repetitive behaviors and interests. While the etiology of autism is complex and not fully understood, strong evidence from twin and family studies suggests a large genetic contribution .
Autism is caused by a combination of genetic and environment factors. Risk factors include certain infections during pregnancy such as rubella as well as valproic acid, alcohol or cocaine use during pregnancy.
The number of children known to have autism has increased dramatically since the 1980's.The reviews of epidemiology in estimating the global prevalence is that one to two cases of autism exist per 2,000 people, and about six per 1,000 people have Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) .
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a guide created by the American Psychiatric Association used to diagnose mental disorders, people with Autism have:
- Difficulty with communication and interaction with other people
- Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors
- Symptoms that hurt the person's ability to function properly in school, work, and other areas of life.
Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common and persevering nutritional disorder and continues to be an important public health problem worldwide. Specifically in children in the first years of life, hemoglobin (HGB) levels below 11 g/dL have been related to negative cognitive, social, and emotional effects that may lead to irreversible behavioral squeals, even after appropriate treatment.
A reduction of iron levels in the brain may be accompanied by changes in serotonergic and dopaminergic systems, cortical networks, and myelination.
Iron deficiency (ID) cause negative outcomes on psychomotor and behavioral development of infants and young children. Children with autism are under risk for ID and this condition may increase the severity of psychomotor and behavioral problems,The association between iron deficiency and developmental problems such as global developmental delay is thought to be bidirectional. Iron deficiency impairs the processes of neurotransmitter metabolism and myelin formation, as well as altering energy metabolism in the brain - effects that have been theorised to cause behavioural and cognitive developmental delays in children.
Thus, it can be considered that ID/IDA (iron deficiency anemia) may increase the severity of autistic symptoms in children with ASD.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Official Title:||Association Between Autism and Iron Deficiency in Children Diagnosed Autism|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||September 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 30, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 1, 2019|
- Aggressive autism picture [ Time Frame: One year ]Identify the relationship between ID/IDA which may increase the severity of autistic symptoms in children with ASD.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03601468
|Contact: Kotb A Metwally, Professor||0100 391 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Eman FA Gad, Lectuer||0111 519 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Mohammed A Mohammed, Residant||Assiut University|