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Electricity Access and Maternal Care in Rural Health Facilities in Uganda

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03589625
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University College Dublin
Innovations for Poverty Action
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jessica Cohen, Harvard School of Public Health

Brief Summary:
The investigators will conduct a stepped wedge cluster-randomized controlled trial in maternity care facilities in Uganda to evaluate the impact of the provision of a reliable light source on the quality of delivery care provided. The facility-level intervention is the installation of a "Solar Suitcase", a complete solar electric system providing essential lighting and power for charging phones and small medical devices and a fetal doppler. The intervention will be rolled-out sequentially to all facilities over two time periods, in a randomized order.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Quality of Care Other: Solar Suitcase Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Ensuring universal access to electricity is essential for global development. In the health sector, lack of reliable light and electricity is a major challenge for health workers when conducting deliveries at night. However, there is very little evidence of the impact of improving access to reliable electrification at maternity facilities on the quality of maternity care they provide.

This stepped wedge cluster-randomized trial will evaluate the impact of a reliable light and electricity source - the "Solar Suitcase" - on outcomes of availability and brightness of light, the quality of maternal care provided, and health worker satisfaction. The study will take place in rural health facilities conducting deliveries in Uganda. The eligible facilities have either no connection to electricity or a modern light source or have reported to have very unreliable light (blackouts occur frequently).

The intervention is a "Solar Suitcase", provided by the non-governmental organization "We Care Solar". The Solar Suitcases are complete solar electric systems that provide essential lighting and power for charging phones and small medical devices. Data collection will include direct observation of deliveries during daytime and nighttime hours, as well as interviews with facility staff. The intervention will be implemented in about 30 facilities in a step process, whereby at each 'step', half of the facilities (selected randomly) will receive the intervention.

Data will be collected at three time points: a baseline period in which no facilities have received the intervention, a midline period in which the first group of facilities has received the intervention but the other half has not, and an endline period in which all facilities have received the intervention.

In addition, facility-level data will be collected at three time points over a 9-month period after the completion of the endline. This data will be used to monitor delivery and ANC volumes at facilities.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 2100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Evaluation of the Impact of the 'Solar Suitcase' Installation in Healthcare Facilities in Uganda on Quality of Care During Labor and Delivery and Reliability of Electricity
Actual Study Start Date : June 13, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Solar Suitcase Installation First Group
Facilities will receive the installation of the Solar Suitcase shortly after baseline data collection.
Other: Solar Suitcase

The intervention is a "Solar Suitcase". The Solar Suitcase comes with: 2 LED lights, 1 battery, 1 aluminum glass 100 watt solar panel, 2 rechargeable LED headlamps, 1 universal cell phone charger, 1 USB adapter, 1 fetal Doppler, 1 AA/AAA battery charger and expansion box (provides 2 additional lights).

Installers will teach health workers how to use and maintain the Solar Suitcase on the day of installation. Within one week following installation, the contractor will contact the facility over the phone and/or in-person to check if there are any problems with the Suitcase. Additional checks will be made to ensure the solar suitcase is functioning and being used properly.


Experimental: Solar Suitcase Installation Second Group
Facilities will act as a comparator for experimental group 1 and then will receive the installation of the Solar Suitcase shortly after midline data collection.
Other: Solar Suitcase

The intervention is a "Solar Suitcase". The Solar Suitcase comes with: 2 LED lights, 1 battery, 1 aluminum glass 100 watt solar panel, 2 rechargeable LED headlamps, 1 universal cell phone charger, 1 USB adapter, 1 fetal Doppler, 1 AA/AAA battery charger and expansion box (provides 2 additional lights).

Installers will teach health workers how to use and maintain the Solar Suitcase on the day of installation. Within one week following installation, the contractor will contact the facility over the phone and/or in-person to check if there are any problems with the Suitcase. Additional checks will be made to ensure the solar suitcase is functioning and being used properly.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average brightness of room during labor and delivery as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Scale is scored as 1: Very Bright; 2: Somewhat Bright; 3: Dim; 4: Pitch Black. Variable is binary indicator for "very bright" or "somewhat bright" throughout delivery

  2. Satisfactory light source used for entire delivery as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Satisfactory light source is a variable equal to 1 if observation occurs without daylight and facility is using grid, solar or functional generator and zero if using kerosene, candle, torch, etc. Variable is always equal to 1 during daylight.

  3. Adequate Light as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Binary variable equal to 1 if light is from a satisfactory source and is "bright" ("very bright" or "somewhat bright") for duration of delivery observation.

  4. 20-item quality of maternal care index of essential actions to be performed by provider during labor and delivery as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Quality of care index is based on essential actions providers must perform during the course of labor and delivery, as described in Tripathi et al. (2015). Score is the fraction of 20 items, yielding a range of 0 to 1, with higher scores indicating better quality of maternal care.

  5. 37-item quality of maternal care index of essential actions to be performed by provider during labor and delivery as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Quality of care index is based on the essential actions providers must perform during the course of labor and delivery, derived from the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP). It includes the 20 items from Tripathi et al. (2015) plus an additional 17 quality of care items from MCHIP (2013). Score is fraction of the 37 items, yielding a range of 0 to 1, with higher scores indicating better quality of maternal care.

  6. 6-item delays in care index as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Index including:

    i) Time between facility arrival and first contact with health worker (mins) ii) Time between facility arrival and first assessment (mins) iii) Time between delivery and uterotonic (mins) iv) Time between delivery and assessment of perineal and vaginal lacerations (mins) v) Time between delivery and drying baby with towel (mins) vi) Time between delivery and initiation of breastfeeding (mins) Score is average of the 6 items measured in minutes, with lower values indicating reduced delays in quality of maternal care. Range from 0 to 120 minutes.


  7. Health Worker Satisfaction with Electricity as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Responses on a 1-5 scale with 1: Strongly Disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Neutral (Neither Agree nor Disagree), 4: Agree, 5: Strongly Agree

    Worker Satisfaction with Electricity is a binary variable equal to 1 if strongly agree with both:

    i) I am satisfied with the availability and brightness of light in this facility.

    ii) I am satisfied with the availability of electricity in this facility


  8. Overall job satisfaction index as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Responses on a 1-5 scale with 1: Strongly Disagree, 2: Disagree, 3: Neutral (Neither Agree nor Disagree), 4: Agree, 5: Strongly Agree

    Overall job satisfaction index is the mean score (1-5) of the 4 below components:

    i) These days, I feel motivated to work as hard as I can. ii) Overall, I am satisfied with my job. iii) Overall, the morale level at my department is good iv) I plan on staying at this position for the next year.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean level of brightness over 4 periods of labor and delivery on brightness scale as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Scale is scored as 1: Very Bright; 2: Somewhat Bright; 3: Dim; 4: Pitch Black

  2. Minutes of delivery observation without satisfactory light as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Satisfactory light source defined in Primary Outcome 2.

  3. Consistent satisfactory light source as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Variable equal to 1 if no interruptions of > 2 hours in satisfactory light source during observed deliveries.

  4. Fetal Doppler Use as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Number of times the provider used a fetal doppler during labor and delivery

  5. Phone availability as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Phone is available and on for deliveries

  6. APGAR Score Assigned as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider assigns any APGAR score (binary variable equal to 1 if provider assigns an APGAR score (range of 0-10), and equal to 0 if no APGAR score is assigned.

  7. Basic emergency obstetric care signal functions as measured by facility assessment [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Facility reported performance of basic emergency obstetric care signal functions in the past three months. Measure includes the number of signal functions performed from:

    1. Removal of retained products of conception
    2. Parenteral oxytocin for maternal hemorrhage
    3. Parenteral magnesium sulfate for (pre-) eclampsia
    4. Manual removal of placenta
    5. Parenteral antibiotics for maternal infection
    6. Assisted vaginal delivery

  8. Basic emergency newborn care signal functions as measured by facility assessment [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Facility reported performance of basic emergency newborn care signal functions in the past three months. Measure includes the number of signal functions performed from:

    1. Antibiotics for preterm or prolonged PROM
    2. Corticosteroids in preterm labor
    3. Resuscitation with bag and mask for non-breathing baby
    4. Kangaroo Mother Care for premature/very small babies
    5. Alternative feeding if baby unable to breastfeed
    6. Injectable antibiotics for neonatal sepsis
    7. PMTCT if HIV-positive mother

  9. Routine obstetric care signal functions as measured by facility assessment [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Facility reported universal practice of routine obstetric care signal functions. Measure includes the number of signal functions performed from:

    1. Infection control (provider hand-washing before patient exam in labor, new sterile gloves before every vaginal examination)
    2. Use of partograph to monitor labor
    3. Routine practice of active management of the third stage of labor

  10. Routine newborn care signal functions as measured by facility assessment [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Facility reported universal practice of routine newborn care signal functions. Measure includes the number of signal functions performed from:

    1. Thermal protection (newborn dried immediately, skin-to-skin, no bath/delayed>6 hours)
    2. Exclusive breastfeeding initiated within 1 hour of birth
    3. Hygienic cord care (cord cut with sterile blade/scissors; chlorhexidine or nothing applied to stump)

  11. Time between delivery and when suturing began (minutes) as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Observed time between delivery and when provider began suturing lacerations, if needed.

  12. 4-item quality of suturing index as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Index constructed from the following variables:

    • Health worker explains to woman what is happening (binary)
    • Health worker cleans area prior to suturing with antiseptic solution (binary)
    • Health worker prepares instruments/sutures on a sterile surface (binary)
    • Health worker sutures episiotomy or tears appropriately in layers. (binary) Score is fraction of 4 items, yielding a range of 0-1, with higher score indicating better quality of suturing.

  13. 10-item patient treatment index as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Patient treatment/inter-personal quality care index, based on Kruk et al. (2014) including whether health worker: shouted/scolded patient, threatened to withhold treatment, ignored/left patient, did not answer questions, was not present when delivery began, slapped/beat mother, stitched episiotomy without anesthesia, demanded payment inappropriately, requested bribe, did not provide privacy to mother. Fraction of items that were NOT performed, yielding a range of 0-1, with higher scores indicating better treatment of patients.

  14. 14-item Partograph Completeness index as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Index of variables (from MCHIP (2013) tool capturing completeness of recording on partograph). Fraction of 14 items completed on partograph (all binary variables), yielding a range of 0-1, with higher values indicating more completeness.

  15. Time between contractions as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between contractions at first exam (mins)

  16. Dilation at first exam as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Degree of dilation at woman's first exam (cm)

  17. Monthly Delivery Volumes as measured by facility register [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average Number of Monthly Deliveries

  18. Monthly Nighttime Delivery Volumes as measured by facility register [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average Number of Nighttime Deliveries per Month

  19. Monthly ANC Volumes as measured by facility register [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average Number of Antenatal Clients per Month

  20. Monthly Referral Volumes as measured by facility register [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average Number of Monthly Referrals Out of Facility for Mothers and Newborns

  21. Sensor Brightness as measured by sensor [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Recorded brightness at sensor sight in the two hours around delivery of baby.

  22. Depletion of Solar Suitcase Battery Based on Voltage as measured by sensor [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average difference between solar suitcase load voltage in evening and morning (based on sensor)

  23. Depletion of Solar Suitcase Battery Based on Charge Time as measured by sensor [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Average time between morning and when the solar suitcase is fully charged, based on sensor

  24. Solar Suitcase Use for Deliveries as measured by enumerator recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Fraction of deliveries in which enumerator recorded usage of suitcase

  25. Health Worker Assessment of Overhead Light Availability as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Health worker response (1-5) on the following scale: 1: No overhead light; 2: Very poor; 3: Poor; 4: Good; 5: Very Good to the question:

    "In general, how would you rate the availability of overhead light for maternal and newborn care (deliveries) in this facility at night?"


  26. Health Worker Assessment of Task Light Availability as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    Health worker response (1-5) on the following scale: 1: No procedure/task light; 2: Very poor; 3: Poor; 4: Good; 5: Very Good to the question:

    "In general, how would you rate the availability of procedure/task light for maternal and newborn care (deliveries) in this facility at night?"


  27. Health Worker Assessment of Overhead Light Brightness as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Health worker response (1-5) on the following scale: 1: No overhead light; 2: Very poor; 3: Poor; 4: Good; 5: Very Good to the question: "In general, when the overhead light is on, how would you rate the quality of light (brightness) for maternal and newborn care (deliveries) in this facility at night?"

  28. Health Worker Assessment of Task Light Brightness as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Health worker response (1-5) on the following scale: 1: No procedure/task light; 2: Very poor; 3: Poor; 4: Good; 5: Very Good to the question: "In general, when the procedure/task light is on, how would you rate the quality of light (brightness) for maternal and newborn care (deliveries) in this facility at night?"

  29. 14-item index of Health worker assessment of impact of blackouts on their ability to perform job functions as measured by health worker survey [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Index of items measuring health worker assessment of impact of blackouts in facility on ability to conduct their job, including how often health worker: conducted deliveries without overhead light; had to hold torch in hand to see patient; experienced lack of light that affected normal care provided; delayed care; feared to move around facility; was affected in ability to suture, find/use equipment, conduct examinations of mother, provide emergency care, provide newborn care, monitor fetal heartrate, administer medication, clean up after delivery, manage infection control. Response to items scored (1-5) on following scale: 1. Every delivery, 2. Most, 3. Some, 4. Few, or 5. Never. Overall score measured as average of 14 items, yielding a range of 1-5.

  30. Initial exam Bleeding Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider asks whether woman has experienced vaginal bleeding during current pregnancy (binary)

  31. Initial exam Headaches/Blurred Vision Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider asks whether woman has experienced headaches and/or blurred vision during current pregnancy (binary)

  32. HIV testing as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider offers woman an HIV test or checks her HIV status (binary)

  33. Takes Pulse as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider takes pulse of mother during initial exam (binary)

  34. Takes Blood Pressure as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider takes both systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements of mother during initial exam (binary)

  35. Wears Sterile Gloves as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider wears sterile gloves for initial vaginal exam (binary)

  36. Communication with Patient as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    At least once, explains what will happen in labour to woman and/or her support person. (binary)

  37. Partograph Use as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider starts partograph to monitor progress of labour. (binary)

  38. Hand Washing as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider washes his/her hands with soap and water or uses alcohol hand rub prior to every examination of woman. (binary)

  39. Preparation of Uterotonic as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Uterotonic is prepared for Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL). (binary)

  40. Preparation of Bag and Mask as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Prepares self-inflating ventilation bag and newborn face mask. (binary)

  41. Administration of Oxytocin as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]

    After delivery, provider administers 10 IU of IM oxytocin, OR:

    • 5 IU slow push if IV in place
    • 600μg of misoprostol sublingually
    • 600μg misoprostol rectally (binary)

  42. Assessment of Completeness of Placenta as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider assesses completeness of the placenta and membranes. (binary)

  43. Assessment of Lacerations as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Assesses completeness of the placenta and membranes. (binary)

  44. Skin-to-Skin as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider places baby on mother's abdomen or chest skin-to-skin. (binary)

  45. Drying Newborn as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider immediately dries baby with towel. (binary)

  46. Cord Clamping as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider ties or clamps cord. (binary)

  47. Vital Signs Postpartum as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider takes mother's vital signs after delivery. (binary)

  48. Palpation of Uterus as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider palpates uterus after delivery of placenta. (binary)

  49. Breastfeeding within 1 Hour as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Breastfeeding is initiated within one hour of delivery. (binary)

  50. Initial Exam: Previous Pregnancy Inquiry as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider asks about complications during previous pregnancies. (binary)

  51. Initial Exam: Hand Washing as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider washes his/her hands with soap and water or uses alcohol hand rub before initial examination. (binary)

  52. Initial Exam Temperature Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider takes mother's temperature during initial exam. (binary)

  53. Initial Exam Fundal Height Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider checks fundal height during initial exam. (binary)

  54. Initial Exam Fetal Presentation Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider checks fetal presentation by palpation of abdomen. (binary)

  55. Initial Exam Fetal Heart Rate Assessment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider checks fetal heart rate with fetoscope/Doppler/ultrasound. (binary)

  56. Initial Exam: Vaginal Examination as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider performs vaginal examination at initial exam. (binary)

  57. Sterile Gloves for All Exams as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider wears sterile gloves for all vaginal examinations. (binary)

  58. Preparation for Delivery: Cord ties/clamps and sterile scissors/blade as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Prepares disposable cord ties/clamps AND sterile scissors/blade. (binary)

  59. Support of Perineum as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider supports perineum after baby's head is delivered. (binary)

  60. Cord Traction as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Applies traction to the cord while applying suprapubic counter traction. (binary)

  61. Uterine Massage as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider performs uterine massage immediately following the delivery of the placenta. (binary)

  62. Newborn Temperature as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider checks newborn's temperature. (binary)

  63. Assistance with Breastfeeding as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider assists mother with breastfeeding. (binary)

  64. Sterilization of Equipment as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider sterilizes or uses high-level disinfection for all reusable instruments. (binary)

  65. Waste Disposal as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider disposes of all contaminated waste in leak-proof containers. (binary)

  66. Hand Hygiene after Clean Up as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Provider washes his/her hands with soap and water or uses alcohol hand rub after cleaning up. (binary)

  67. Delay in Facility Arrival as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between facility arrival and first contact with health worker (mins)

  68. Delay in First Exam as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between facility arrival and first assessment (mins)

  69. Delay in Uterotonic as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between delivery and uterotonic (mins)

  70. Delay in Assessment for Lacerations as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between delivery and assessment of perineal and vaginal lacerations (mins)

  71. Delay in Drying Newborn as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between delivery and drying baby with towel (mins)

  72. Delay in Breastfeeding Initiation as measured by observer recorded questionnaire [ Time Frame: up to 6 months after installation ]
    Time between delivery and initiation of breastfeeding (mins)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

For women delivering at facility:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women who are admitted for labor and delivery at participating facilities.
  • Women aged 16 years or older.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women who present to participating facilities for abortion or abortion-related complications, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, antenatal or postnatal complications of pregnancy (not an observation of labor)
  • Women who are immediately transferred to another hospital, or are taken straight to surgical theatre (limited or no period of observation possible)
  • Women who deliver at home but are brought to the facility for any complication.
  • Women who deliver outside the maternity ward or delivery area
  • Women who deliver in ambulance while on the way to the facility (woman admitted in the facility for placenta removal)
  • Women who have not given consent
  • Health worker objects to the observation.

For eligibility of health facility:

Inclusion criteria:

  • government health facilities level 2, 3, or 4
  • are open 24 hours a day
  • conduct deliveries at night
  • have unreliable electricity (have either no source of electricity, or have only 1 functional source of electricity and experience blackouts at least several times a week and had power available only sometimes in the past week).

Exclusion criteria:

• facility already has a Solar Suitcase


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03589625


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Laura Schmucker 256 (0)414 669 840 lschmucker@poverty-action.org
Contact: Brian Mwesigwa 256 (0)414 669 840 bmwesigwa@poverty-action.org

Locations
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Uganda
Innovations for Poverty Action Recruiting
Kampala, Uganda
Contact: Laura Schmucker    0414669840    lschmucker@poverty-action.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Harvard School of Public Health
University College Dublin
Innovations for Poverty Action
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jessica Cohen, PhD Harvard School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Slawa Rokicki, PhD University College Dublin
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Jessica Cohen, Harvard School of Public Health:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] May 10, 2018


Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Jessica Cohen, Associate Professor of Global Health, Harvard School of Public Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03589625     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-18-0406
First Posted: July 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: After manuscript publication, fully de-identified data may be shared with researchers upon request.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Jessica Cohen, Harvard School of Public Health:
electricity and health
maternal health
quality of care
solar power