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Peg-Interferon Alpha 2b Combined With Two Intravenous Broadly HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies 3BNC117 and 10-1074 (BEAT-2) (BEAT-2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03588715
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 17, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Fight
Rockefeller University
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Luis Montaner, The Wistar Institute

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and innate immune mechanisms activation following administration of the combination of Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b) with two broadly neutralizing antibodies (3BNC117 and 10-1074) in the setting of well-controlled HIV infection with antiretroviral treatment and a monitored analytical treatment interruption. The current proposal builds on previous experience using interferon alpha, 3BNC117 and 10-1074 alone in separate clinical trials that included a closely monitored analytical treatment interruption. The hypothesis is that the joint administration of peg-IFN-α2b with 3BNC117 and 10-1074 will be more effective than either intervention separately in suppressing HIV viremia during 8 weeks of analytical treatment interruption (Step 4) and reducing integrated HIV DNA in blood and tissue when measured during an analytical treatment interruption in patients with well-controlled HIV infection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV HIV/AIDS HIV-1 Infection Drug: Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b) Drug: 3BNC117 + 10-1074 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The proposed study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and innate immune mechanisms activation following administration of the combination of Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b) with two broadly neutralizing antibodies (3BNC117 and 10-1074) in the setting of well controlled HIV infection with antiretroviral treatment and a monitored analytical treatment interruption. This proposal builds on previous experience using interferon alpha, 3BNC117 and 10-1074 alone in separate clinical trials that included a closely monitored analytical treatment interruption. The hypothesis is that the joint administration of peg-IFN-α2b with 3BNC117 and 10-1074 will be more effective than either intervention separately in suppressing HIV viremia during 8 weeks of analytical treatment interruption (Step 4) and reducing integrated HIV DNA in blood and tissue when measured during an analytical treatment interruption in participants with well-controlled HIV infection. A review of the conceptual framework for the strategy to be tested includes:

  • Why peg-IFN-α2? The therapeutic effects of peg-IFN-α2 yield two essential outcomes that are the fundamental objectives of HIV curative strategies: control viral replication in the absence of ART and reduce the levels of integrated HIV DNA in CD4+ T-cells. To date, peg-IFN-α is the only intervention that has been shown to maintain viral suppression to levels <50 copies/mL in the absence of ART in chronic infection. Preliminary data supports that correlates of anti-HIV reductions are centered on activation of NK responses.
  • Why bNAbs + peg-IFN-α2b? The addition of bNAbs may act independently to control virus replication or decrease fitness thereby increasing the potential for a larger antiviral effect after IFN by enhance NK-mediated clearance via a reduced viral levels and the complementarity of bNAbs in enhancing mechanisms of antibody-mediated cytotoxicity against infected cells by binding to virus emerging from or viral proteins expressed on activated latent cells.
  • Why combined bNAbs? In vivo, multiple bNAbs targeting different epitopes provide better neutralization and antigen recognition than single bNAbs, which suggests that adoptive transfer of multiple bNAbs may lead to superior viral control. Although bNAbs may have neutralization effects that are of greater clinical impact than ADCC, it is possible that antigen targeting through multiple bNAbs may also enhance NK-mediated cytotoxicity more than a single bNAb. The administration of broadly neutralizing antibodies alone in the setting of an analytical treatment interruption delays the return of viremia in a fraction of the participants.
  • Why test an ATI of immunotherapy? To date, peg-IFN-α2 administered prior to an ATI or ART and subsequently maintained throughout the ATI period has maintained viral suppression. An effective curative strategy requires that all interventions be discontinued.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

The study will evaluate the impact of the combination of 3BNC117 and 10-1074 with or without antiretroviral therapy in virological rebound during an ATI and effects on the HIV reservoir.

This will be a pilot phase I randomized study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antiviral activity of a combination of Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b with the two broadly neutralizing antibodies (3BNC117 and 10-1074) in 14 individuals or the combination the broadly neutralizing antibodies alone in 7 HIV-1 infected individuals, undergoing a brief analytical treatment interruption (ATI).

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study on Innate Activation and Viral Control in HIV-Infected Adults Undergoing an Analytical Treatment Interruption After Administration of Pegylated Interferon Alpha 2b With Broadly HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies (3BNC117, 10-1074)
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b + bNAbs
Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b) + bNAbs (3BNC117 + 10-1074)
Drug: Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b)
Pegylated Interferon alpha 2b (peg-IFN-α2b) will be administered weekly via subcutaneous route.
Other Name: Pegintron

Drug: 3BNC117 + 10-1074
Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies - Sequential, separate IV infusions of 3NBC117 + 10-1074.
Other Name: Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies

Experimental: bNAb only
bNAb (3BNC117 + 10-10-74) only
Drug: 3BNC117 + 10-1074
Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies - Sequential, separate IV infusions of 3NBC117 + 10-1074.
Other Name: Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment-related adverse events during 30 week period of immunotherapy [Safety outcome] [ Time Frame: 30 weeks of immunotherapy ]
    Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events during 30 weeks of peg-IFN-α2b administered at a weight adjusted dose weekly in combination with 3BNC117 and 10-1074 or the antibody combination alone.

  2. Association between antibody-mediated cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) and NK cell activation as measured by flowcytometry at start of step 4 therapy interruption and level of HIV plasma viral load 8 week later [Innate Activation outcome] [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after end of 30 week of immunotherapy (Analytical Treatment Interruption) ]
    Level of antibody-mediated cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) by direct measurement of NK cell CD107 degranulation against gp-120 coated targets in the presence of autologous plasma, and NK cell activation as measured by flowcytometry for frequency of cell subsets at start of step 4 therapy interruption. Values for ADCC cytotoxicity and NK activation will be tested by Spearman correlation test estimates with frequency of participants at <50 during the end of immune treatment Interruption (Step 4)

  3. Frequency of subjects with plasma viral load <50 copies/ml after end of step 4 after ART therapy interruption [Virological outcome] [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after end of 30 week of immunotherapy (Analytical Treatment Interruption) ]
    Frequency of participants remaining off ART with suppressed viral load (<50 copies/ml) at 8 weeks after immune therapy interruption.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infection, documented by any licensed rapid HIV test or HIV enzyme or chemiluminescence immunoassay (E/CIA) test kit at any time prior to study entry and confirmed by a licensed Western blot or a second antibody test by a method other than the initial rapid HIV and/or E/CIA, or by HIV-1 antigen, plasma HIV-1 RNA VL
  • Ability and willingness of participant to provide informed consent
  • Men and women aged ≥18 years
  • Clinically stable on their first or second ART regimen that includes a boosted protease inhibitor or an integrase inhibitor. The current regimen should be stable for 4 weeks at the time of entry. Changes while the patient HIV viral load is undetectable does not count toward the number of ART regimens used, (for example an individual switching from an NNRTI-based regimen to an integrase inhibitor based regimen while the HIV viral load is undetectable will still be in their first regimen)
  • HIV-1 RNA that is <50 copies/mL using a FDA-approved assay performed by any laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent within 56 days prior to study entry

NOTE: HIV-1 RNA must be measured at least once in the 24 weeks prior to entry and at least 3 days before the screening measure. Single determinations that are between ≥50 and <400 copies/mL (i.e., blips) are allowed as long as the preceding and subsequent determinations are <50 copies/mL. The screening value may serve as the subsequent determination <50 copies/mL following a blip

  • Screening CD4+ T-cell count ≥450 cells/μL within 45 days prior to study entry
  • Willingness to have blood samples collected and used for study-related research purposes
  • The following laboratory values obtained within 45 days prior to enrollment:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000 cells/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥12.0 g/dL for men and ≥11 g/dL for women
    • Platelet count 100,000/mm3
    • Creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 x ULN
    • Pancreatic amylase ≤ 1.5 ULN and lipase ≤ 1.5 ULN and triglycerides ≤ 750 mg/dl
    • total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x ULN, (if not receiving atazanavir) OR direct bilirubin ≤ 1 mg/dl (if receiving atazanavir)
  • For females of reproductive potential (i.e., women who have not been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months, who have had menses within the preceding 24 months, or women who have not undergone surgical sterilization, specifically hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral salpingectomy), negative urine pregnancy test (with a sensitivity of 15-25 mIU/mL) within 48 hours prior to screening and entry.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS BIOLOGICAL FEMALES ARE NOTED IN CLINICAL PROTOCOL.

-Female partners of reproductive potential of male study participants on study drug would be educated that:

At least two of the following contraceptives MUST be used appropriately by female partners of reproductive potential of male study participants and/or their male partners with one method being highly effective and the other method being either highly effective or less effective as listed below:

Highly Effective Methods of Contraception

  • Male condoms with spermicide
  • Hormone-based contraceptives including combined oral contraceptive pills, vaginal ring, injectables, implants, and intrauterine devices (IUDs) such as Mirena by male participant's female partner of reproductive potential.
  • Nonhormonal IUDs, such as ParaGard
  • Tubal ligation
  • Complete Abstinence*
  • *Complete abstinence as defined as complete avoidance of heterosexual intercourse. Participants who choose complete abstinence are not required to use a second method of contraception. Acceptable alternate methods of highly effective contraception must be discussed in the event that the participant chooses to forego complete abstinence.

NOTE: Female partners of male participants participating in the study may use hormone based contraceptives as one of the acceptable methods of contraception since they will not be receiving study drug.

  • Negative HBsAg result obtained within 6 months prior to study entry.
  • HCV antibody negative result within 6 months prior to entry, or if the HCV antibody result is positive, a negative HCV RNA obtained within 6 months prior to study entry. Treated and cured HCV infected participants are allowed.
  • Adequate venous access in at least one arm
  • Body weight ≥ 125 and ≤ 300 lbs
  • A non-clinically significant electrocardiogram (EKG, see section 7.2) for:

    1. men >45 years or women > 55 years of age
    2. younger subjects of either sex with two risk factors for coronary artery disease [smoking, hypertension (BP >140/90 or on antihypertensive medications), low HDL (<40 mg/dl), family history of premature CHD (<55 yrs males/<65 females
    3. subjects with a Framingham score > 15% (men) or 10% (women)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous receipt of humanized or human monoclonal antibody whether licensed or investigational
  • Weight >300 lbs or <125 lbs
  • History of an AIDS-defining illness
  • Ongoing AIDS-related opportunistic infection (including oral thrush)
  • History of a severe allergic reaction with generalized urticaria, angioedema, or anaphylaxis in the 2 years prior to enrollment
  • Currently pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning pregnancy
  • Receipt of other investigational study agent within 30 days prior to enrollment
  • Current or prior medications:

    • Confirmed clinical history of developing resistance to ART regimens that resulted in treatment changes
    • Receiving didanosine as part of the participant's ART regimen at the time of screening
    • Ongoing treatment with Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide, Rifabutin, Rifampicin, Ganciclovir, Valgancyclovir, Oxymetholone, Thalidomide or Theophylline.
    • Ongoing treatment with anticoagulants
    • Use of any investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening
    • History or current use of immunomodulatory therapy for over 2 weeks during the 6 months prior to enrollment, including, but not limited to:

      • IFN-α or γ (recombinant or pegylated)
      • Systemic corticosteroids (inhaled steroids allowed at the discretion of the Investigator)
      • Systemic cancer chemotherapy/irradiation
      • cyclosporin; tacrolimus (FK-506)
      • OKT-3
      • Any Interleukin, including IL-2
      • Cyclophosphamide
      • Methotrexate
      • IVIG (gamma globulin)
      • G/M-CSF
      • Hydroxyurea
      • Thalidomide
      • Pentoxifylline
      • Thymopentin, thymosin
      • Dithiocarbonate
      • Polyribonucleoside.
  • History of adverse or allergic reactions to any type-1 interferon (e.g. IFN-α2a, IFN-α2b, IFN-β)
  • Any other chronic or clinically significant medical condition that in the opinion of investigator would jeopardize the safety or rights of the volunteer, including, clinically significant forms of:

    • Drug or alcohol abuse
    • Severe asthma
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
    • Type I diabetes mellitus, or type II diabetes mellitus that is not controlled with oral agents and/or insulin (i.e.: subjects with a history of diabetes mellitus and HA1C of > 9 in the last 3 months or at screening)
    • Psychiatric disorders, including severe depression and/or suicidal ideation
    • Heart disease
    • Cancer or hematologic malignancies
    • Prior diagnosis of multiple sclerosis or other neurodegenerative disorders
    • Liver cirrhosis or hepatic decompensation
    • Chronic HCV infection (HCV viremia), or HBV Ag positive and/ or HBV viremia (Notice: subjects with prior HCV infection with a documented sustained virologic response at 24 weeks post treatment prior to screening are eligible for enrollment.
    • Major organ transplantation with an existing functional graft
    • Active autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune hepatitis
    • History of retinopathy or clinically significant ophthalmologic disease
    • Opportunistic infections or other active infectious diseases
  • Other conditions, such as active drug/alcohol abuse or dependence, that in the opinion of the Investigator would interfere with study compliance.
  • Initiation of treatment during acute infection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03588715


Contacts
Contact: Kenneth M Lynn, MBA, BS, RN 215 662 8217 kenneth.lynn@uphs.upenn.edu
Contact: Luis J Montaner, DVM, DPhil 215 898 9134 montaner@wistar.org

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Kenneth M Lynn, MBA, BS, RN    215-662-8217      
Principal Investigator: Pablo Tebas, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Ian Frank, M.D.         
Jonathan Lax Center at Philadelphia FIGHT Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Contact: Linden Lalley-Chareczko, PA-C, AAHIVS    215-985-4448 ext 126    lchareczko@fight.org   
Contact: Karam Mounzer, MD    215 985 4448 ext 139    mounzerk@fight.org   
Principal Investigator: Karam Mounzer, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jay R. Kostman, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Luis Montaner
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Fight
Rockefeller University
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Luis J Montaner, DVM, DPhil The Wistar Institute
Study Chair: Pablo Tebas, M.D. University of Pennsylvania
Study Director: Karam Mounzer, M.D. Philadelphia Fight

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Luis Montaner, Principal Investigator, The Wistar Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03588715     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ES 38445
UM1AI126620 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 17, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Luis Montaner, The Wistar Institute:
HIV
HIV/AIDS
HIV Cure
HIV-1
HIV-1 Infection
BEAT-HIV
bNAbs
Broadly neutralizing antibodies

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Interferon-alpha
Antibodies, Blocking
Interferons
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents